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I have a problem with my fish tank. I did an aquarium change, about 60% of the water today, using tap water, but adding start right chemicals and novaquel nitrate, and stress zyme. But, my parrot cichlid is still white as a ghost. When I did a water strip test, it says that the hardness of my water is extremely high causing the fish major stress. My local fish store told me I can add some epsom salt, I tablespoon per 10 gallons, I only added 2 tablespoons for 90 gallons, but my fish is not showing any sign of improvement. what can I do to help?

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Re change the water again.but this time add epsom salt, in bit more quantity.Not too much. 4 tablespoon for 90 gallons. These fishes are very hardy and live for many years, it is not often that they get any illness. The only thing that I have noticed is that they can get white-spot if the temperature in the tank is too low. So always keep 28-29 C, in the tanks with Parrot fishes. They do well together with Black-Ghost knife fish, and diamond tetras. You can feed them whith blood-worms, flakes and Hikari baby-pellets. Thanks.keep updated.

Posted on Jul 20, 2010


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How to treat my Betta fish ick

  1. The first thing you should do is remove your betta from its current tank. You will want to set up a separate temporary container to house your betta while you clean his regular tank. Be sure to use clean water that has been treated with water conditioner. If a separate tank is not available, you will want to do a full water change on the tank along with a thorough cleaning. Again, be sure to add the appropriate amount of water conditioner before adding your betta back to the tank.
  2. Ick thrives in cold water, so after you have a clean tank setup, you will want to install a tank heater to warm the temperature gradually to 82 degrees. Be sure to use the proper size heater for your tank size. Also, make sure the heater has a cut off switch or something to keep the temperature from going over 82 degrees. You don't want to cook your fish!
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  4. Continue treatment according to directions.
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  • Continue using heater to keep water at 82 degrees
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How to clean the gravel in your fish tank?

In order to properly clean your aquarium you should follow the next step by step manual.

You should fill half a bucket with dirty fish tank water. Then fill the rest with clean tap water. Then you should mix them together, the new and the dirty water so there will be no injure to the fish by drastically changing the water.

Place your fish in the bucket.

Unplug the aquarium and the aquarium equipment from the electricity.

Drain the tank completely.

Take two cupful of dirty gravel and put it aside. Since cleaning gravel with tap water will destroy most of the waste eating bacteria, it is necessary to save some gravel with bacteria for later on.

Take the rest of the gravel and put it into two buckets.

Place a garden hose into one bucket and turn the faucet on full blast. Frequently rinse and stir the gravel until the water in the bucket gets clean.

Repeat the process with the second bucket.

Clean the aquarium tank with hot tap water without using any soap or cleaning materials. Clean the internal parts of the aquarium and then wipe the insides with a paper towel.

Put all the gravel back inside the tank in addition with the rest of the dirty gravel.

Refill the tank with clean cold tap water. Make sure you add a de-chlorinating agent to the tap water.

Plug in all the electrical parts.

Return all the fish to the tank.

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1 Answer

What order do I put replacement filter media into the frf-1919 aquarium filter?

The goal for the filter would be to keep the water pump clean, so normally you would place the mechanical filter media where the water enters the filter. The water should not be able to go around it, but instead have to pass through the media. Mechanical filtration pulls out pieces of things. If you accidentally get too much food in the tank, and it makes it to the filter, this is what you want to pull out and clean at the faucet. Remove the debris, run some tank water through it so you remove the chlorine, then put it back in the filter.
Carbon/charcoal and sometimes white rocks called zeolite will be doing your chemical filtration, removing heavy metals, and other chemicals, so they can go next. The biological filter media is what is most important. Have this media - a large amount of surface area that water moves through, but will not get clogged up - next to the pump part of your filter. NEVER change these. These are the home for your beneficial bacterial cultures. Detritus (decaying organic material, solid waste, uneaten food, dead plant matter) and liquid fish waste become toxic ammonia. These bacteria consume the ammonia and turn it into toxic nitrites. Another bacterial culture living in the same place turn toxic nitrites into nitrates. Nitrates are plant food, here comes your algae if you leave your lights on all day but don't have live plants in your tank. Nitrates gradually build over time, and fish gradually become accustomed to higher levels of nitrates. This is why we do Regular Partial water changes, to keep nitrate levels low. If you don't do Regular Partial water changes, and suddenly change a lot of water, or add a new fish that doesn't get the long period of time to acclimate to these higher levels, fish can get sick and some may die.
Biological filtration is the most important thing in your aquarium, second only to water. Know where your bacteria live and DO NOT clean it, replace it, dry it out, bleach it, wash it under tap water, and so on. Just leave it alone the same way you leave your fish alone.
Fish can survive just fine without mechanical and chemical filtration, so there is really no need to continue to use those in your aquarium, other than keeping your money in the pockets of the people who tell you that you have to have them and you have to replace them. Any company that tells you the biological filter media must be replaced is lying to you and I would urge you to never buy their products again.
A bulk amount of carbon and nylon mesh bags can be purchased from any decent pet store or supplier, as can foam that can be cut to fit into your particular filter. Personally, I recommend not bothering with either of these, and adding more biological filter media in the extra space you now have. You can never have too much beneficial bacterial in your tank.

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Aquarium water is cloudy

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1 Answer

Can I fill my aquarium with tap water?

you might be able to, but first you need to test your tap water for chlorine. If these chemicals are present then you will need to remove/neutralize them before adding the water to your tank.

Jul 31, 2012 | Fish

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Can I make my own water treatment chemicals?

I do not recommend makingyour own chemicals. Messing withchemicals can be harmful to you and certainly to your fish. There are many other aquarium related DIYprojects I can recommend, but making your own treatment chemicals is not one ofthem.

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1 Answer

I treated the water in my aquarium today and my fish are looking very unhealthy. What should I do?

I wouldstart by putting them in ample fresh water so that you can clean the tankout. My guess is that you used too muchconditioner. This is a commonproblem. I would empty the water fromthe tank, clean the tank and then refill it with fresh water. Then I would use half the amount of the conditioneryou used originally. When usedcorrectly, the conditioner is very beneficial. Place the fish back in the tank and see what happens. They should be in much better shape now.

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How do I clean the gravel in my aquarium?

You have a few different options for cleaning the gravel inyour aquarium:1. 1. Remove the gravel from the aquarium and washit thoroughly in a strainer, under warm tap water. Depending on the number of fish you have,this should generally be done once every other week. Do not wash the gravel with any chemical orsubstance as this could be damaging to the fish!2. 2. Use a store bought orhomemade gravel/substrate vacuum. Thisallows you to clean the gravel without having to remove it from the tank.3. 3. Use only a thin layer of gravel on the bottomof your tank and exchange with new gravel each time it needs to be replaced.

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1 Answer

What is the difference between a filter and a pump in a fish tank?

A filter maintains a natural environment that for fish thatbalances the good and bad bacteria in the tank. Additionally, a filter can remove toxins, chemicals and other unwantedmaterials from the water. The filterworks by taking water in from the tank and returning it clean.A pump is just a pump. It pumps air into the tank and creates bubbles, and sometimes a current. It does not clean the tank or balance thebacteria and PH like a filter does.

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