Question about Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition

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How do you print the contents of a disk in a list format? I know how to print the a specific item what I do not know how to do is print the contents list. That will show all of the items on the disk. I have windows XP. Thank you Jack of Florida

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If you are after software to print out a list of the contents of a CD/DVD i use a free program called Directory Printer. You can get it here

Posted on Jul 12, 2010


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N14644 resetting

Seem your GPS device storage media (disk) has problems or the data may be corrupted. Try using the disk check utility on your computer to scan / fix the disk & data first. Then try it again.
If the GPS still doesn't work (after doing the disk check), try to restore the disk content from your back-up.

Sep 27, 2013 | Tomtom XXL 540S GPS Receiver


[Linux] How to create a List of files in a directory with neccssary fields

OS: Any Linux / Unix Systems
Purpose : To create a text file containing a list of contents of a directory in specific manner.
Mode of Operation: Command Line Interface


We often need to create List of contents in a directory, such as , for a Personal Work Logs where each entry represents the activity on a specific day.

We can create File list quickly and easily in Linux and use it to find specific files quickly.

Though there are several methods and several commands , we only focus on easy way , which need to use two commands - cd , ls
cd - [Change Directory] changes the current working directory to specified directory.
For more details, Type " man cd " on Terminal or visit here

ls - [LiSt] This command lists the contents. This command supports many options which will customize the output
For More Details , Type " man ls " on Terminal or visit here


  1. First we need to open a Terminal ( Shell / Bash ).
    You can find shortcut to execute Terminal in Application Menu.
    In Ubuntu shortcut to open terminal is [Ctrl] + [Alt] + [T] or press [Alt] + [F2] to open Run and type " gnome-terminal "
    Or you can get a terminal by Pressing [Ctrl} + [Alt] + [F1] ~ [F6]
    A typical Terminal may look like this
    So now we have a terminal to work with. :-)

  2. Now we need to change current working folder location (In most cases its user's home directory. In my case its /home//Documents) to the folder, of which contents should be listed.
    you can view current working directory by the help of command. Type pwd and press [Enter]
    For this we can use cd command.
    Say, your folder whose contents should be listed is " Source " and is located in " /home/Documents/ " then you should type as

    cd /home/Documents/Source and press [Enter]

    For example, i need to create a list of my English video song collection ( My English songs are located on /media/FUNCLUB/2.VIDEO SONGS/ENGLISH ) , then i would type first:


    To confirm working directory is changed properly, type " pwd " and press [Enter]. It should display our folder.

  3. Now type ' ls ' and press [Enter]. Then it should display folder's contents.
    If you can see contents of folder , everything is working well.

  4. Now need to tell ls how the contents should by displayed. There a lots of formats ls supports. Commonly used formats are
    • ls -l Display contents in detailed List View
      In Order Permissions Owner Group Size in Bytes Created On File Name

    • ls -h Tell ls to display sizes in human readable format (KB, Mb, GB etc.)
      This option uses in conjunction with other options like -l, -s etc

    • ls -s Display File name and its contents. Usually with -h

    • There are a lot more options to control the output format of ls command. To find more about this, please visit here.

  5. We have learned how to format output of ' ls '.
    ' ls ' command outputs to the standard Output (STDOUT) of computer, which is most commonly the monitor itself. Now all we need to save the screen prints to a file so that we can view results later.
    Here what we do is to transfer the output produced by ls command to a file. This is done by " > " ( 'Greater Than' Symbol ).
    'Character' - ' Purpose '
    ' > ' - Transfer the output from STDOUT to file
    ' >> ' - Append the output to specified file (Add the output to end of file)

    ls [Options] >[File]


    ls -sh >/home/nightflare/Desktop/List_Of_Video_files.txt

on Mar 29, 2011 | Computers & Internet


Some of the important cmd prompt commands

Copy and keep it handy..

ADDUSERS --Add or list users to/from a CSV file
ARP -- Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC -- Change file extension associations
ASSOCIAT --One step file association
AT -- Schedule a command to run at a later time
ATTRIB --Change file attributes

BOOTCFG --Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT --Get domain, browser and PDC info

CACLS -- Change file permissions
CALL --Call one batch program from another
CD --Change Directory - move to a specific Folder
CHANGE-- Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK -- Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS -- Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE --Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER --Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr ---Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
CLEARMEM ---Clear memory leaks
CLIP ---Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.
CLS ---Clear the screen
CLUSTER ---Windows Clustering
CMD ---Start a new CMD shell
COLOR --- Change colors of the CMD window
COMP ---Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT --- Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
COMPRESS ---Compress individual files on an NTFS partition
CON2PRT ---Connect or disconnect a Printer
CONVERT ---Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.
COPY ---Copy one or more files to another location
CSCcmd ---Client-side caching (Offline Files)
CSVDE ---Import or Export Active Directory data

DATE --- Display or set the date
Dcomcnfg DCOM ---Configuration Utility
DEFRAG ---Defragment hard drive
DEL ---Delete one or more files
DELPROF--- Delete NT user profiles
DELTREE ---Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon ---Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR ---Display a list of files and folders
DIRUSE --- Display disk usage
DISKCOMP--- Compare the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY ---Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another
DNSSTAT ---DNS Statistics
DOSKEY --- Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DSADD ---Add user (computer, group..) to active directory
DSQUERY--- List items in active directory
DSMOD ---Modify user (computer, group..) in active directory

ECHO--- Display message on screen
ENDLOCAL--- End localisation of environment changes in a batch file
ERASE ---Delete one or more files
EXIT ---Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel.
EXPAND --- Uncompress files
EXTRACT--- Uncompress CAB files

FC--- Compare two files
FDISK--- Disk Format and partition
FIND ---Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR--- Search for strings in files
FOR /F ---Loop command: against a set of files
FOR /F ---Loop command: against the results of another command
FOR ---Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List
FORFILES ---Batch process multiple files
FORMAT ---Format a disk
FREEDISK ---Check free disk space (in bytes)
FSUTIL --- File and Volume utilities
FTP --- File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE--- Display or modify file types used in file extension associations

GLOBAL --- Display membership of global groups
GOTO ---Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line

HELP--- Online Help
HFNETCHK--- Network Security Hotfix Checker

IF--- Conditionally perform a command
IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup

KILL Remove a program from memory

LABEL --- Edit a disk label
LOCAL --- Display membership of local groups
LOGEVENT--- Write text to the NT event viewer.
LOGOFF --- Log a user off
LOGTIME --- Log the date and time in a file

MAPISEND ---Send email from the command line
MEM --- Display memory usage
MD --- Create new folders
MKLINK --- Create a symbolic link (linkd)
MODE ---Configure a system device
MORE --- Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL ----Manage a volume mount point
MOVE --- Move files from one folder to another
MOVEUSER--- Move a user from one domain to another
MSG ---Send a message
MSIEXEC --- Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO ---Windows NT diagnostics
MSTSC --- Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)
MUNGE --- Find and Replace text within file(s)
MV --- Copy in-use files

NET --- Manage network resources
NETDOM --- Domain Manager
NETSH ---Configure network protocols
NETSVC ---Command-line Service Controller
NBTSTAT --- Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT --- Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NOW --- Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP--- Name server lookup
NTBACKUP ---Backup folders to tape
NTRIGHTS E---dit user account rights

PATH --- Display or set a search path for executable files
PATHPING ---Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE --- Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message
PERMS --- Show permissions for a user
PERFMON ---Performance Monitor
PING ---Test a network connection
POPD --- Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD
PORTQRY--- Display the status of ports and services
PRINT --- Print a text file
PRNCNFG --- Display, configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR --- Add, delete, list printers set the default printer
PROMPT --- Change the command prompt
PsExec --- Execute process remotely
PsFile --- Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid --- Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo ---List information about a system
PsKill --- Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList --- List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn ---Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList ---Event log records
PsPasswd --- Change account password
PsService --- View and control services
PsShutdown ---Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend ---Suspend processes
PUSHD --- Save and then change the current directory

QGREP --- Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.

RASDIAL ---Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE ---Manage RAS connections
RECOVER --- Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.
REG --- Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
REGEDIT --- Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32--- Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI ---Change Registry Permissions
REM --- Record comments (remarks) in a batch file
REN --- Rename a file or files.
REPLACE --- Replace or update one file with another
RD ---Delete folder(s) [remove dir]
RDISK ---Create a Recovery Disk
RMTSHARE ---Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY--- Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE --- Manipulate network routing tables
RUNAS --- Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32--- Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

SC --- Service Control
SCHTASKS--- Create or Edit Scheduled Tasks
SCLIST --- Display NT Services
ScriptIt Control ---GUI applications
SET --- Display, set, or remove environment variables
SETLOCAL--- Control the visibility of environment variables
SETX ---Set environment variables permanently
SHARE --- List or edit a file share or print share
SHIFT --- Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file
SHORTCUT ---Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHOWGRPS ---List the NT Workgroups a user has joined
SHOWMBRS ---List the Users who are members of a Workgroup
SHUTDOWN ---Shutdown the computer
SLEEP --- Wait for x seconds
SOON --- Schedule a command to run in the near future
SORT --- Sort input
START --- Start a separate window to run a specified program or command
SU ---Switch User
SUBINACL ---Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST --- Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO--- List system configuration
TASKLIST--- List running applications and services
TIME ---Display or set the system time
TIMEOUT--- Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE --- Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session
TOUCH --- Change file timestamps
TRACERT --- Trace route to a remote host
TREE --- Graphical display of folder structure
TYPE --- Display the contents of a text file
USRSTAT--- List domain usernames and last login
VER ---Display version information
VERIFY --- Verify that files have been saved
VOL --- Display a disk label
WHERE --- Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI --- Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF --- Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINMSD --- Windows system diagnostics
WINMSDP--- Windows system diagnostics II
WMIC ---WMI Commands
XCACLS --- Change file permissions
XCOPY--- Copy files and folders

on Dec 16, 2009 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

I have a problem Taskalfa 250ci eror code c0640 I think at Hdd problem. But I don't know how to hdd format

item No.
Memory initializing
Initializes all settings, except those pertinent to the type of machine, namely each counter, service call history
and mode setting. Also initializes backup RAM according to region specification selected in maintenance item
U252 Setting the destination.
Refer to *1 of the maintenance mode item list about the item initialized.
To return the machine settings to their factory default.
1. Press the start key.
2. Press [EXECUTE] on the touch panel.
3. Press the start key. All data other than that for adjustments due to variations between machines is initial-
ized based on the destination setting.
4. Turn the main power switch off and on.
For errors occurred, turn main power switch off then on, and execute initialization.
Error codes
HDD formatting
Initializes the hard disk.
In addition, the following settings are also initialized by initializing the hard disk.
System menu (user login administration, job accounting, address book, one-touch keys and document box
etc.), shortcuts and panel programs
To initialize the hard disk when replacing the hard disk after shipping.
1. Press the start key.
2. Press [EXECUTE] on the touch panel.
3. Press the start key to initialize the hard disk.
4. Turn the main power switch off and on.
Codes Description
01 Configuration initialization error
02 Counter initialization error
20 Engine initialization error
40 Scanner initialization error

Apr 15, 2013 | Kyocera Taskalfa 250ci Color Copier...

1 Answer

When I try to connect my Seagate Free Agent Pro backup drive using USB to my new Sony BDP S570 DVD player I receive a message USB device connected is not support. It worked with a Western Digital drive

So I would suggest a few things for this issue. First check the format of the drive you are trying to plug in. You can do this on your Mac by using Disk Utility (Applications - Utilities - Disk Utility). Plug in the drive and open Disk Utility and click on the partition. At the bottom of the Disk Utility window it lists the information about the drive. You are specifically interested in the "Format" item. If your drive is formatted Mac OS Extended or some other Mac format you probably cannot use it on the Sony Blue Ray player. Most device look for and are only compatible with Windows type formats. For example, NTFS or FAT32. The best way to test if this is really the problem, or a systemic problem with the BR player would be to pick up a USB jump drive somewhere (they are cheap if you don't have one just laying around.) Format the jump drive to a FAT32 or NTFS file system using Disk Utility. Copy the files you want to view to the jump drive (Be sure to check the file type compatibility chart on the Sony website or in the manual and make sure what you are trying to view matches those types.) Plug that in and see if you are successful. Also there was a few notes on forums that Sony doesn't support actual hard drives on the BR players which would suggest that they only support Jump drives and FAT32 because of the file size limitations it brings. Try this and let me know how it goes. Attached is a picture of my Free Agent drive formatted for Mac in Disk Utility .jp_2010.jpg

Apr 30, 2011 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

My 250g external appears to have corrupted data. windows says it fixed the errors but my last two attempts to back up my computer failed. How do I fix the external drive?

> fixed the errors

The disk-check utility does some "consistency" checks:

* every file listed in the the Table-Of-Contents actually exists on the disk-drive, with no exceptions,

* every file on the disk-drive is listed in the Table-Of-Contents, with no exceptions,

* every "block" of data on the disk is either "free", or used exactly _once_ by a specific file,
i.e., no block on the disk is unaccounted-for, and no block on the disk is "owned" by _more_ than one file.

The disk-check utility does _NOT_ read each "block" of data on the disk, to confirm that each block is "readable". Only when the file-backup attempts to read a file, does the inability to read that block get exposed.

Similarly, it's only when the file-backup utility is trying to write to one of the "free" blocks,
that the inability to write to that block get exposed.

So, what you need to do is to run the 'FORMAT' utility on the external disk-drive,
and to choose the "full" option, not the "quick-format" option.
The utility will try to write to each block on the disk.
When the utility detects a "bad" block, the utility will either flag that block as "never-to-be-used",
or the disk-drive itself will designate one of the "spare" blocks on the disk
as the permanent substitute for the "bad" block.

When the utility completes, it will either report the number of "bad" blocks,
or it will report ZERO "bad" blocks (because the drive's own electronic circuits
will have done that "substitution" in a "transparent" manner).

After the FORMAT completes, try your backup again. It should work.

Nov 03, 2010 | Toshiba Computers & Internet

1 Answer

What are 3 functions of syntax in command 'dir'

The syntax is the correct method of typing a command. The command must be entered in the correct order and spelling for the operating system to accept it. So : dir/w is correct But dir \w Is not..
dir/w will display the contents of the current directory, but in a wide format dir/p will display the contents of the current directory until your screen is full. You then press any key to scroll down the directory listing until you reach the end. dir will display the contents of the current directory with each directory item shown on a new line. you can use each of these switches together too.
dir/w/p will display the contents of the current directory in a wide format but the listing will pause when the screen is full. Pressing any key will scroll the listing down. A word to the wise. If you are not comfortable or have little or no experience with working in the DOS Command environment, DONT.... You can cause serious damage to a system simply by mistyping a command or using the wrong command. Do so at your own risk..

Feb 05, 2010 | Gateway GT5220 PC Desktop

1 Answer

When I try to create a DVD in Cyberlink Power2go 6, it comes out weird, like a data disk. How do I solve this?

What you're writing is a "data" disk, with a specific structure, and specific folder-names.

If you run some "DVD-player" software (PowerDVD, CyberDVD, et cetera) it will automatically recognize the "special" format, and "play" the DVD, instead of "peeking-behind-the-Wizard-of-Oz's-curtain" to view the "data" content and the data structure.

Nov 23, 2009 | Computers & Internet

2 Answers

Reset bios on toshiba tecra pt831u

I believe your model is Tecra S1 - PT831U. I found htis link and the BIOS version is 2.50. You might need to install things in a certain order, (I know this to be true for DELL laptops)So first some instructions from Toshiba,: "
.....Follow the steps below to procure or view any of the following support-related items for your Toshiba computer:
  • Drivers
  • Utilities
  • BIOS updates
  • Detailed Specifications
  • User's Guides
  • Product Tours
  • Support Bulletins
1. Click Product Support in the navigation bar toward the top of the page of ths website (the Toshiba Support website --
2. Choose a product Category, Family, and Model from the lists and then click GO.
For example: Portables, Portege, R500-S8199, GO.
A list of Support Bulletins for the selected model will appear, since that tab is selected by default.
3. Click other tabs to see Downloads, Detailed Specs, the User's Guide, a Product Tour, and other content for the selected model.

4. For Downloads and Support Bulletins, you can use the Refine Search By lists to narrow your search to a specific operating system, and/or to a specific technology topic (BIOS, Wi-Fi). A more specific results list will be displayed.
5. Click the title of any item in the lists to view or download it.
- km/wa" There's some pretty good information there, I hope this helps, and good luck. If I 'fixed ya' please rate me. Thanks. -jmattes

(just copy and paste this link in your browser):

Oct 27, 2009 | Toshiba Tecra M1 Notebook

1 Answer

How to use cmd ?

to use the command prompt, press the "start" and "R" keys on the keyboard.
On the small, "Run" screen, type cmd.
click ok.

type help in the command prompt. This should print a list of commands that you can use with it.
This is what it puts on-screen:
For more information on a specific command, type HELP command-name
ASSOC Displays or modifies file extension associations.
AT Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
ATTRIB Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
CACLS Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL Calls one batch program from another.
CD Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLS Clears the screen.
CMD Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
COLOR Sets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMP Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACT Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the
current drive.
COPY Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE Displays or sets the date.
DEL Deletes one or more files.
DIR Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKCOMP Compares the contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DOSKEY Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
ECHO Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE Deletes one or more files.
EXIT Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FC Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences
between them.
FIND Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR Searches for strings in files.
FOR Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMAT Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a
batch program.
GRAFTABL Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics
HELP Provides Help information for Windows commands.
IF Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
LABEL Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD Creates a directory.
MKDIR Creates a directory.
MODE Configures a system device.
MORE Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
PATH Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPD Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT Prints a text file.
PROMPT Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD Removes a directory.
RECOVER Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
REN Renames a file or files.
RENAME Renames a file or files.
REPLACE Replaces files.
RMDIR Removes a directory.
SET Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCAL Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SHIFT Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SORT Sorts input.
START Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBST Associates a path with a drive letter.
TIME Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TYPE Displays the contents of a text file.
VER Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written
correctly to a disk.
VOL Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPY Copies files and directory trees.

this window is used only when the desktop cannot be accessed.
For a user-friendly interface (easier to use), use My computer to do common tasks.

Aug 25, 2008 | Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium with...

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