- Choose a convenient location to
begin installing your router such as an open floor space or table. This
does not need to be the permanent location of the device. Particularly
for wireless routers, you may find it necessary to re-position the unit after installing
it as the cables / signals may not reach all areas needed. At the
beginning, its better to choose a location where it's easiest to work
with the router and worry about final placement later.
- Plug in the router's electrical power source, then turn on the router by pushing the power button.
- (Optional) Connect your Internet modem to the router. Most network modems connect via an Ethernet cable but USB
connections are becoming increasingly common. The cable plugs into the
router jack named "WAN" or "uplink" or "Internet." After connecting the
cable, be sure to power cycle (turn off and turn back on) the modem to
ensure the router recognizes it.
- Connect one computer to the router.
Even if the router is a wireless model, connect this first computer to
the router via a network cable. Using a cable during router
installation ensures the maximum reliability of the equipment. Once a
wireless router installation is complete, the computer can be changed
over to a wireless connection if desired.
- Open the router's administration tool.
From the computer connected to the router, first open your Web browser.
Then enter the router's address for network administration in the Web
address field and hit return to reach the router's home page.
routers are reached by either the Web address "http://192.168.1.1" or
"http://192.168.0.1" Consult your router's documentation to determine
the exact address for your model. Note that you do not need a working
Internet connection for this step.
- Log in to the router.
The router's home page will ask you for a username and password. Both
are provided in the router's documentation. You should change the
router's password for security reasons, but do this after the
installation is complete to avoid unnecessary complications during the
- If you want your router to connect to the Internet, you must enter Internet connection information into that section of the router's configuration (exact location varies). If using DSL Internet, you may need to enter the PPPoE username and password. Likewise, if you have been issued a static IP address
by your provider (you would need to have requested it), the static IP
fields (including network mask and gateway) given to you by the
provider must also must be set in the router.
- If you were using a primary computer or an older network router to connect to the Internet, your provider may require you to update the MAC address of the router with the MAC address of the device you were using previously. Read How to Change a MAC Address for a detailed description of this process.
- If this is a wireless router, change the network name (often called SSID).
While the router comes to you with a network name set at the factory,
you will never want to use this name on your network. Read How to Change the Router SSID for detailed instructions.
- Verify the network connection is working
between your one computer and the router. To do this, you must
confirmed that the computer has received IP address information from
the router. See How to Find IP Addresses for a description of this process.
- (If applicable) Verify your one computer can connect to the Internet properly. Open your Web browser and visit a few Internet sites such as http://compnetworking.about.com/.
- Connect additional computers to the router as needed. If connecting wirelessly, ensure the network name (SSID) of each is computer matches that of the router.
- Finally, configure additional network security features as desired to guard your systems against Internet attackers. These WiFi Home Network Security Tips offer a good checklist to follow.
What You Need:
connecting devices with network cables, be sure each end of the cable
connects tightly. Loose cables are one of the most common sources of
network setup problems.
- A network router (wireless or wired)
- Network adapters installed on all devices to be connected to the router
- A working Internet modem (optional)
- A Web browser installed at least one computer in the network
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