Question about Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition with SP1 for PC

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Installation active directory - Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition with SP1 for PC

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Posted on Jun 19, 2010

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The installation is a lengthy process.Involves many steps.Go through the provided link, this contains all the required information.http://www.petri.co.il/how_to_install_active_directory_on_windows_2003.htm

You can also go for a third party software that will take care of all the proceedings.like: http://www.manageactivedirectory.com/
Besides this, you will also need to install the admin pack separably depending upon the OS you are using.

Posted on Oct 10, 2011

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That's a pretty long topic though.
If you want to install AD in your machine.
Here are the requirements.

  1. You must have configured the network properly. You must have network connection present. You must have TCP /IP addressed assigned properly to your router (+ switch if you have) and the machine.
  2. You must issue a static IP for the Server (if you use DHCP add the IP range with an exception).
  3. You must have configured DNS properly and its a must. Or you can install DNS automatically while you install AD but not recommended. DNS is vital.
  4. Wins is optional - Only if you use legacy Operating Systems.
How to setup a proper DNS ?
  • Go to Control Panel.
  • Add Remove Programs -> Add Remove Windows Components.
  • Double Click on Networking Services.
  • Check ONLY ON DNS in the next panel.
  • Then it will be installed.
  • Check the settings using this command using a command prompt.
  • type nslookup and hit enter. It will show like No default servers, time out etc. Don't worry about that. Just after you type nslookup you will be then in the utility (this prompt is the one you are going to have. >
  • Type in www.google.com as an example. If it resolves the IP address for the Domain Name then its installed properly.
Configuring DNS.
  • Go to Programs -> administrative Tools. -> DNS
  • The DNS management windows will be opened for you.
  • Its the time to configure some options and create a Forward Lookup Zone and a Reverse Lookup Zone (only if you are planning to debug).
  • Right click the Forward Lookup Zone folder and Select "New Zone"
  • Select "Primary" (Note: The check box will not be available to select which enables the DNS to be stored in AD. You have to do that after the installation of AD).
  • Next is the "Zone Name". Its Vital. As an example if you plan to give your domain fixya.com you must give the same name as the DNS domain name/zone name. (Note: You can use yourdomain.local as well if you plan to keep it local. It easy. The "yourdomain" is the name which you are going to give).
  • Then "Replication and Update Settings". Use "Allow non secure and secure" if and only if you are limited to an internal network and it gives less errors and less configuration effort.
  • If you want to debug its better to use a "Reverse Lookup Zone". It does the alternate thing which means converting IP Addresses to DNS names. Similar to this you can set that up. When the address is requested use the network address/subnet.
  • Then Stop and Restart the DNS. Check whether your Server is listed in the DNS after expanding Zones.
  • If you plan to use a separate DNS that's just fine. But your other machine must point to the DNS (in its TCP/IP configurations) and you have to add the machine to DNS FLZ (Forward Lookup Zone)
  • By clicking a PTR adding option while adding a machine to DNS FLZ a Ponter record automatically gets create in the RLZ (Reverse)
  • There is a dedicated DNS Event Viewer built in and you can check for errors.
  • Additional...
  • Configuring Forwarders.
  • Right click the DNS Server object for your server in the left pane of the console, and click Properties.
  • Enter the IP address of the DNS servers you want to forward queries to. Typically this is your ISP's DNS Address.
  • Then Click OK and finish it.

Now back to AD installation.
  • Right click on My Computer icon.
  • Go to properties.
  • Go to Computer name.
  • Click on change and examine if the name suites properly.
  • If so Click on "Change".
  • Type the Primary DNS suffix (your domain name suffix as an example fixya.com). This is a very important step. Most of the Admins complain that they have experienced failures without configuring this properly.
  • You don't need to select the check box if any their.

Check TCP IP settings again.
Now to run dcpromo. This is the Domain Controller Promotion command. Get "Run" box in Start menu and type dcpromo and hit enter. Then the process will begin. After the completion of providing the required information as follows, it will run a check to ensure all the settings work well. Look at the DNS diagnosis as well. This way I m sure that will not fail since you have added the suffix.
Then after some time you will be asked several settings.
  • Press Next after the process.
  • Choose "A Domain Controller for a New Domain" and Click Next.
  • "Create a new Domain in a new forest" and click Next. (Note: Only if you are promoting this as a Root of a New Forest;Not a Child).
  • Enter the Name for the Domain. Must be the same as the DNS Name.
  • Click Next and then Accept the Netbios Domain Name and the Database and Log file location. If you plan to Secure Logs then you have to provide an "Alternate Place" (Volume).
  • Accept the "Sysvol" location. Don't change this if and only if you have any performance issues on your mind. Click Next.
  • Then the DNS will be analyzed. If the result Succeeded you can go forward. Please examine it whether it was successful or not. If its unsuccessful you have to re run the process. Check the "Event Viewer" as well.
  • If it succeeded...
  • Click Next several time and you will be directed to a window which asks the "Compatibility Mode"
  • Check "Compatible only with Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003" if and only if you do not plan to run Legacy Applications on Obsolete versions.
  • Enter the "Restore Mode Password". This must be different from the Administrative Password. Note: You can change this anytime using the NTDSUTIL utility.
  • Click Next again several times and then if all went well you will be served with the "Finish" button.
  • After the Installation you must Reboot the machine.
  • Then Log in with your Credentials and Check whether the "Active Directory Users And Computers", "Active Directory Sites And Services" etc available.
  • If you can see that the users, groups and all the containers available then its successful. Examine each location. Check the SRV Records as well.
  • Then Open the DNS console. Expand the FLZ and check whether there are four SRV record folders. Otherwise something must have gone wrong with the DNS. You can examine using the Events as well.
  • This may occur if you have selected the "Allow only Secure updates" option. Make them Dynamic and check if any failure occurred. Right click the zone, and then click Properties. On the General tab, under Dynamic Update, Select "Nonsecure and secure".
  • Then Stop and Restart the Netlogon Service. You can use command prompt and type net stop netlogon and entering. Then net start netlogon and hit enter.
  • If everything function well and all the SRV records present you have to Add the DNS server to the AD. And then you will be able to allow "Secure Only" Updates.
  • This type of zone is known as an Authoritative Primary Zone. Zone data of an Active Directory Integrated Zone is replicated during the Active Directory replication process. Active Directory Integrated Zones also enjoy the security features of Active Directory.
  • To do so:
  • Expand the "Forward Lookup Zones" and Select the Domain Name.
  • Right click and Select Properties.
  • Under the "Type" Click "Change".

Posted on Jun 08, 2010

  • Tharinda
    Tharinda Jun 08, 2010

    If you face any erroneous situation please feel free to contact me. Works as an AD Expert for several years.



    Now you are ready to begin your work.


    Thanks for contacting Fixya! Hope this solution will help you to solve the issue. If so please be kind enough to Rate the Answer with a Testimonial.

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