This reel to reel deck needs some play motor (it has three) bushings.
When I opened it up to clean it I realized the dragging effect, in play, was being caused by these bushings being so worn out. Where can I find
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Re: Play motor bushings
I was able to find my motor parts on E-bay, but they're not there all the time. I've also had luck contacting the original manufacturer and requesting replacement parts. If nothing else, they should be able to guide you where to go.
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The tape will have problems due to three possibilities. Dirty parts such as the Capstan shaft (spinning metal part) or the Pinch Roller that is made of rubber. and also the third item can be the lack or intermittent take-up from the reel drive system. This can be caused by a dead spot on the motor or a crack in the tire on a idler wheel. The unit need service by a person who works on them to resolve your problem. These decks are expected to be cleaned every few hours and those that do not ever do that then have their tapes eaten which is their own fault
You do not mention the brand or model number which to answer the question effectively is needed- different machines are designed in different ways. The function of the fast wind and the play mode only differs in that in play a capstan is involved that regulates the speed and the reel motors just do the take-up of taper and a little back tension for the supply reel. You may have either a sticky Pinch Roller linkage or a non- rotating capstan shaft that might point to a loose or broken capstan drive belt. There are also the condition of the Pinch Roller surface and the surface of the Capstan shaft that can be glazed or rubber hard and non-compliant. The rubber Pinch Roller can be re-rubbered, the capstan shaft can be reconditioned and the Capstan Belt can be replaced. Capstan bearings and motor bearings need oil once a year as well. I hope this helped to some extent- I have been working on decks now for better than 40 years.
The take-up reel is dragging or the belt is stretched or broken. No surprise on a deck this old. Try Fast Forward. Try Rewind. Same result?
If it still doesn't work, and it happens with only one cassette, rap the cassette's flat side against a solid flat surface to loosen it. Try again.
If you're really an old-school deck user you probably know how to cheat the transport with no tape resent to make the capstans engage for cleaning. Try that. The two reels should spin opposite as if maintaining tension. If the right one is stationary or lethargic (try to feel how strong it pulls compared to the left one), there's a loose or broken belt.
Next step. Get out the can opener, go inside and see what's wrong. Good luck.
This is a case of a failing reel motor. What happens i sthe brushes become aged and wear down and the motor has what they call a dead spot on the Commutator. The motor will work fine at high speeds as the inertia is working for it but when you use a slow speed as in play mode the motor hits the dead spot and stops. You will need a new reel motor in the most likely case- I can service the deck if you want at Skywave Tape Deck Repair Chicago area. I will most likely put a new motor into the deck.
Scott has a point. You need to determine what is causing the unit to stop and it could be a bad cam motor belt if it has one or the lack of take-up die to the bad idler or even a dead spot on the reel motor. The reel motor will work normally at high speeds due to inertia but at low speeds as are used in play the dead spot of the motor can become much more apparent.
DO NOT spray anything into this unit. The problem is a slipping belt and is a simple fix for any audio shop. While possible, it is rare for a motor to fail. There is a small belt that drives the take up side along with a felt clutch assembly that can slip. If this is the case, the unit will realize that the take-up reel is not turning and shutdown the unit. Please have this serviced. The belts will run around $6-$10 total.
This sounds like the solonoids are not working. This can be a power supply problem, a control problem, or the solonoids themselves. In any case, this will need to see a service shop. Where are you located?