My needle broke and I changed it. Now the top thread won't create a clear stitch but the bottom thread will. In other words the top thread can be pulled out no problem. I've attempted changing the tension with no luck. What's the problem?
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Re: Top thread won't create a stitch
Hi! Check that you installed the new needle correctly. There is a flat side on the needle shank and that has to be facing the rear (away from you) on this machine in order for the top thread to catch the bobbin thread and make a stitch.
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It is almost for sure tension adjustment.
1. Because there is higher tension on the bobbin you need to check it so it is allowing the thread to move with an adjustment equal to the top tension (at four).
2. Rethread the top while the pressure foot is up. The thread should move freely. Don't thread needle yet.
3. Set tension to four. Now, put pressure foot down. Pull on thread. Do you get a tug? You may want to move your adjustment just to give yourself an idea of how it changes. It should change while you adjust. Anyway, four is your best adjustment usually.
4. The idea is to equal the bobbin tension and the top tension. This must be correct. On yours you had a much higher tension on the bobbin. This caused the top thread to be gobbled up. Remember how important it is to equal the top and bottom tensions.
A sewing machine operator can often help themselves when their machine does not operate properly. Here are some simple instructions, which if properly used can save time and mechanics service calls. TROUBLE;UPPER THREAD KEEPS BREAKING; This could be trouble;================Do this; 1.Top tension to tight================loosen tension 1 turn 2.Machine improperly threaded=========check threading 3.Thread twisted on guide post========" 4.Thread twisted out of tension=======" 5.Take up spring bent or broken=======Check action of spring 6.Thread jumped off pull off finger===Check threading 7.Needle bent or burred===============new needle 8.Bad cone of thread==================try another cone TROUBLE;LOWER THREAD KEEPS BREAKING; 1.Bobbin tensionspring to tight=======Loosen tension slightly 2.Bobbin threaded wrong===============check threading 3.Bobbin wound to tight or uneven=====try new bobbin 4.lint or thread on bobbin case=======clean inside case 5.Lint or thread inside hook==========clean inside hook 6.Bobbin case nicked bent or burred===check/change case TROUBLE;MACHINE STARTED SKIPPING STITCHES; 1.Needle bent or burred===============change 2.Needle set in crooked===============Check 3.Thread jumped off take up spring====check threading 4.Thread jumped off pull off finger===check threading TROUBLE STITCHES SHOWING LOOPS; 1.Forming loops on top of cloth=======Tighten bobbin tension ======================================or loosen top tension. 2.forming loops on bottom of cloth====Tighten top tension 3.Bobbin placed in case incorrectly===remove and replace 4.Bobbin thread slipped from under====check threading of tension===============================bobbin case 5.Lint or thread in top tension=======clean between tension discs
Recheck the threading on the top side. When you pull the thread at the needle is there tension on it? If there is no resistance than there's no tension. If it breaks it is either not threaded correctly or the tension is way too tight.
If that is correct and the the thread on the bottom has a little bit of tension when you pull on it, it should stitch --- However not stitching at all can be from having the wrong needle, wrong brand, type, or in incorrectly. Sometimes even the wrong size can prevent stitching, like when youre sewing through heavy/thick material and using too small a needle.
Check out those three things and then see if it won't sew correctly for you.
The needle may be threaded from the wrong side. Newer models thread from front to back of the machine, older models will thread from right to left, It is usually determined by the positions of the needle eye. rethread the top, if this does not correct the problem thne rethread the bobbin, use the instr manual to make sure it is correct.
You do need an oiling and cleaning. Also, try adjusting on the bobbin cover by turning th little screw with a small screwdriver. Keep adjusting and testing until you get the loops just as you want them...
If it was sewing correctly BEFORE the needle break...why did the needle break in the first place?...and what fixes did you make?
If it sewed properly...what changed?
Cut your upper thread close to the spool...make sure the presser foot is raised and pull the cut off thread section through/out of the machine from the needle area (sewing direction...do not pull the thread backwards!)
Clean out the bobbin area...remove any traces of lint or pieces of thread...look for any broken off needle pieces... brush the bobbin area out....then add a drop of sewing machine oil (but only if your manual says to oil that area).
Remove the needle plate to expose the feed dogs...brush/clean out that area too and add a drop of sewing machine oil...then secure the needle plate back on.
Replace the needle...do it again...yup...some needles arrive bad from the factory. Make sure the needle is inserted and positioned properly. Then thread the machine WITH the presser foot in raised position. (The thread needs to get seated into the upper tensions.)
..with the.presser foot down...thread the new needle.
Oh...and use the correct needle for the thread. (a universal 80/12 is standard).
Thread can cause issues too. Try a different bobbin, or maybe a different spool of thread to see if that makes a difference.