Question about RELIANCE ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

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Friend took wirers off top thrmostate need to know wiring diagram for reliance model # 540Z0RS1 4500 watt volt240

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How to wire thermostats
http://waterheatertimer.org/How-to-wire-water-heater-thermostats.html

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Posted on Jan 30, 2011

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My reliance 501 is leaking at both entry hoses ports and also is very hot to the touch near the electrical connection port on the top of the water heater.


Emergency steps:
Turn electric power off.
Release tank pressure by opening bathtub faucet on hot side.
Turn off water supply to heater.
You can turn water heater ON for short periods (1/2 hour) to make some hot water until repairs are made.

It sounds like runaway heating caused by shorted element, possibly caused by leaking water. But I cannot tell for certain what the problem is. Read following links and/or call plumber.
http://waterheatertimer.org/Leaking-water-heater.html
http://waterheatertimer.org/How-to-troubleshoot-electric-problems-with-water-heater.html

Over-amping:
Look at watt rating label on side of tank.
For example 4500 watt water heater requires 30 amp breaker and 10 gauge wire.
If you have 20 amp breaker and 12 gauge wire, then change elements to max 3800 watts. Tank will heat more slowly.

You have to fix leaks, and I cannot see that problem. Call plumber or repost question with clear description of leak.

Jul 31, 2012 | RELIANCE ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

1 Answer

Can i replace 4500watt elements with 5500watt on a 606 model


1) Manufacturer's warranty will be voided, and I've never seen recommendation that suggests better heating or saving money from replacing 4500W with different wattage element.

2) That being said, you have 240V water heater.
4500Watts divided by 240 = 18.75 amps
5500Watts divided by 240 = 23 amps

20 amp circuit breaker with 12 gauge wire is rated for 80% of load = 16amps
30 amp circuit breaker with 10 gauge wire is rated for 80% of load = 24amps.
http://waterheatertimer.org/Figure-Volts-Amps-Watts-for-water-heater.html

3) You can use 5500Watt element if you have 30 amp breaker and 10 gauge wire.

Feb 15, 2011 | RELIANCE ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

1 Answer

Model 606. Water temp. extremley hot enough to burn, Both therm. set to lowest possible


your thrmostat has been short circuited, replace it immediately and plz dont use the heater before you replace the thermostat of u r machine....its dangerous!!
thx :)

Nov 27, 2010 | RELIANCE ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

1 Answer

I need to know if i have the right element for my water heater. i have the reliance 501 4500w/240v id # 5 40 2ort0 w i want to know if i need the long 1 or the bent 1. would love a pic if possible. i...


Either element will work ... straight or bent.
4500 Watt element will work, buy you can also substitute 3500, or 1500 Watt.
Stepping up wattage larger than water heater nameplate is not recommended, because wiring may not carry more watts.

Element wattage is printed on end of each element.

Reliance is AO Smith company
http://www.aosmith.com/OperatingUnits/Detail.aspx?id=138&ekmensel=c580fa7b_12_0_138_3

Reliance 501 manual is not available on Reliance site.
The 501 used to be standard model, but now it's the 600 series.
http://www.reliancewaterheaters.com/prod/elec.html

600 series manual is similar to your product.
page 22 shows element replacement, and says not to use greater wattage than rating plate on water heater.
http://www.reliancewaterheaters.com/lit/om/manuals/185761-000.pdf

Age of Reliance heater is on serial number. First character is letter. Next two characters are numbers corresponding to year. So C05222,,, serial number is made in 2005.

Nov 19, 2010 | Reliance Better Water Heater Element

1 Answer

Purchased "Reliance Lowboy electric water heater"


The water heater has two 4500 watt elements.
However both elements are not turned-ON at same time
So the water heater is 4500 Watts

Volts x Amps = watts
Amps =watts divided by volts
Amps = 4500 Watts divided by 240 Volts
Amps= 18.75

So that says a 20 amp breaker ... except for the 80% rule
80% rules says for safety, your Amp rating should be multiplied by 80%

20 amp breaker X 80% = 16 amps
20 amp breaker is actually safe for just 16 amps, and your water heater draws 18.75 amps.

The calculation shows you need a 30 Amp breaker.
30 Amp breaker requires 10 gauge wire.

http://waterheatertimer.org/Figure-Volts-Amps-Watts-for-water-heater.html

Nov 02, 2010 | RELIANCE ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

1 Answer

1992 Reliance electric water heater model 501 has two 4500 watt heating elements , there is no hot water.


Check the breaker and top thermostat and make sure they are not tripped. Move onto replacing elements if above is not the problem.
Turn water and power off to heater and attach a water hose to bottom of heater to drain down tank. May have to open hot side on a facuet to get it to drain.
Once drained remove elements with 1 1/2" found at local hardware stores. once elements removed and new ones in place. Turn water on and get the air out of the system. Once water is flowing from the hot side from all of facuet's in house.
Once all air is out now yaou are resady to turn power onto heater.

Oct 09, 2010 | RELIANCE ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

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