Question about Baby Lock Eclipse Serger

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Serger is not stitching at all. It has something to do with how the thread is installed. Needing a diagram

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The diagram is on the inside of the serger door;

Raise the antenna to it's highest position.
Turn the handwheel until the loopers are at their highest position.
Set tensions to zero and raise the presser foot.
Begin threading from right to left, beginning with the upper looper.
Set the tensions back to mid-range.
Lower the presser foot and stitch a chain and if it is formed as it should be you are ready to serge.

There are manuals available for downloading at the Babylock website for the models DX and SX.

Posted on May 07, 2010

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1 Answer

I am trying to teach myself to sew.... what is a serge stitch an how do I set my brother sewing machine to do it?


A serger (overlocker) is not a sewing machine. If you look at the inside seams of a purchased t-shirt, you will usually find a serge stitch that was created using a serger (overlocker). A serger/overlocker usually uses 3 or 4 threads to create that stitch. It also trims the fabric at the same time it finishes the fabric edge. The serge stitch is a chain stitch that, if you pull a particular thread, the entire stitch will come undone.

Your sewing machine is not able to create that same stitch. Your sewing machine may have what is called an "overlock" stitch, but it will use only 2 threads (the top and bobbin) to create that stitch. You would have to consult your owner's manual to see if it can make an overlock stitch.


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1 Answer

How do I get a balanced tension with my Elna 624 overlocker?


The best way is to thread with 4 separate colors of thread and then studying the stitch result. With the 4 colors, you can easily tell which thread tension is "off" and whether it should be tightened or loosened. However, a serger is not like a sewing machine where you can set the tension and use that setting for most projects. With a serger, a change in one or a couple of thread tensions will create a totally different stitch.

For most machines, there is a mark at the midway point on each tension control that is the "optimal" tension for a 4-thread overlock. HOWEVER, every machine differs, so these settings may need to be tweaked.

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You may want to download the serger workbooks at this site (Bernina), and work through each of the stitches. Make notes in the workbook as to how you have set up your machine to get the best of each stitch. This will be a great reference manual for many years.

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1 Answer

Serger is not stitching


... not quite sure what you mean by "not stitching", here are a few things to check. If the problem is more specific, please leave me a note with more details.
Let's start right from the beginning (for 4-thread overlock/serge):
1. According to the serger manual, ensure that the proper needles are being used. That they are inserted all the way up into their positions and that the flat side of the needle is facing away from you. The left needle will appear to be shorter that the right, that is OK, all is going perfectly.
2. Use four good quality spool of serger thread (good quality sewing thread is fine also) and place them on the spool or cone holders. There should be "little bucket looking things" that fit onto the cone pins to make the cones sit nice and straight, use them. Rattling thread will cause grief.
3. The first thread to be loaded onto the serger is the Upper Looper ...it is the big needle looking thing that swings left to right and back again above the sewing surface. Follow all the threading guided according to your manual, the threading guides are generally coded in a colour specific for this looper. Once the eye of the Upper Looper is threaded, place the thread under the presser foot and to the left. Presser foot down.
4. Next is the Lower Looper, the big needle looking thing that swings left to right and back again under the sewing surface. It can be a bit tricky in some sergers as the thread need to pass to the left and then back to the right under the sewing surface. Your manual should have a good diagram if you can not follow the threading guides on the serger itself. Again the threading guides are generally colour coded with a different colour but specific for the Lower Looper. Once the looper is threaded, it is important that the thread is placed directly OVER the Upper Looper as it comes out of the eye of the Lower Looper. Place the thread now under the presser foot and to the left. Presser foot down.
5. Thread the right needle front to back and place the thread under the presser foot and to the left. Presser foot down.
6 Thread the left needle front to back and place the thread under the presser foot and to the left. Presser foot down.
7. Hold the four thread ends firmly in the left hand and give each thread individually a good pull down over the serger and behind, this will ensure that the threads are all engaged in the tension dials.
8. Set the tensions to the middle number, although this may vary with the brand and model of your serger. If you have the manual check for the correct settings specific to your unit.
9. Set differential to 'normal', or '0' (if your unit has one)
10. Set stitch length to about 2 1/2 to 3.
11. Make sure that the blade is in cutting position. We can trouble shoot blade position later if needed.
12. Make sure that you have the overlocking plate installed ... not the rolled hem plate (if your serger has two plates). Some sergers use the same plate for both functions.
13. Using two layers of medium weight fabric do a test stitch, what is the result? Is a chain forming? Are there stitches on the fabric? Are they looking the way they should?
Hopefully this has helped you, please let me know.
Cheers.

Sep 01, 2014 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

My serger won't stitch


Be sure you have new needles inserted correctly, threaded in order loopers then needles, check with diagram on machine or in manual to be sure correct. Still not working usually a sign of timing problem. Requires technician trained on serger repair.

Jan 09, 2014 | Singer 14SH654

1 Answer

I just changed my Kenmore serger's needle and it stopped making the overlock stitch. I rethreaded the machine twice and make sure the position of the needles is correct but it didn't help


Hi

If you have the operators manual for this serger, you should be able to follow the threading from the start successfully. Some machines have a better threading diagram on the machine itself.

The needles should have the groove facing the operator's position. They should also be fully inserted in their mounts. Most sergers do not release the thread tensions when the presser foot is raised, therefore, you must zero the tensions to make sure the threads are fully entered into the tensioners when threading anew. After threading, you must readjust your thread tensions to the desired tensions for the set-up you plan to use. Thread tensions should be recorded for each stitch set-up because each serger tends to be a bit different, and therefore, allows you to quickly adjust for the desired stitch needed. The different stitches are adjust and fine tuned by each individual thread tension.

Hope this helps
Ray

Dec 22, 2010 | Kenmore Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Need basic settings for Baby Lock BL450 Serger. Any idea where I can get it?? My book was lost. The threads don't wrap around the edge of the fabric. I've re-loaded 3 times following the diagram on...


Hi GailKelley,
I have the same model serger. I will make a copy of the stitches and figure out how to get it to you. I recently took my serger out of storage to start some projects. I always struggle threading it but love the look of the stitches when it is set up correctly. Be in touch. MnFriend

Oct 25, 2010 | Baby Lock Eclipse Serger

1 Answer

Hi i just got a new brother 1034D serger. And I'm


I found that I had to remove the stitch finger to thread the machine properly. Do remember to re-install it before starting to sew. If you are using 3-threads only, then remove and store the stitch finger.
Puzzled that this instruction is not in the threading section of the manual.

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