Babyloc The needle seems to bunch up whatever I do to resolve it, such as pull out loose threads, re-insert bobbin, etc. It is a brand new machine that has barely been used, although I have had it for about two years.
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Sounds like you have a ball of knotted thread wrapped up in the bobbin area and the needle is stuck in it. Whatever you do, do NOT yank on the fabric or thread! That could alter the needle/hook timing and require repair service. Be sure to raise the presser foot so the tension disk is released. Then remove the threads by clipping and gently pulling--practice patience. Sometimes, if you are able, removing the bobbin works will release the rats nest.
Once you get it unjammed, try installing a brand new needle before testing it again. And completely rethread the machine. (ALWAYS raise the presser foot when threading!)
If it continues to happen, try different types of thread and see if it works better with some than others. Avoid old thread (grandmother's sewing basket) or thread from bargain bins. There are a lot of better quality threads available that will work better with your machine, ie Mettler, Guttermann, Aurafil, Isacord, Sulky... Contrary to popular belief, Coats & Clark is not one of the better threads--it used to be. Sometimes, it takes some experimentation as some machines just seem to work better with a certain brand.
If still having problems, it could be a needle/hook timing problem. Take it for service.
Sounds like bird nesting.
The #1 thing is to install a brand new needle (old, worn, nicked, or bent needles can create a lot of havoc).
Remove all the thread from the machine. RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning verifying that it is threaded correctly. Make sure the bobbin is loaded and threaded in the bobbin case properly.
Check bobbin case for loose threads in spring area that could be causing bobbin not to hold enough tension on bobbin thread. You can check bobbin case tension by using your needle plate. Holding bobbin case in your hand, insert a bobbin and thread it through the spring as usual. On the end of the bobbin thread, tie your needle plate to the thread. Hold case in your hand side ways so that thread travels downward with needle plate and thread trails downward across the case. The case should be perpendicular to the table top or floor. The weight of the needle plate should be so that the thread does not travel down unless the bobbin case is shaken slightly. The thread should then travel down slowly but stop once you hold case steady. If this is ok, check top tension. Turn on the machine. Lower the presser foot. With needle threaded, pull the thread the needle. You should feel some resistance. If there is none. Raise the presser foot and brush out any loose threads that might be caught in the upper tension disks. Many times, loose threads can get caught here that will keep disks from closing completely.
It may need a cleaning and lubrication to resolve the noise and stiffness.
as to the thread bunching on the bottom, try re-threading both the top thread and the bottom thread, if it persists, try a different bobbin, (the one your using may not be wound properly, it happens) If it still persists try a new needle. if all of this fails, take the machine to a reputable service facility, it usually helps to take a sample stitching to show them exactly what it's doing to you,
Not sure what brand of machine you have but generally after threading the bobbin the thread should be pulled out through a spring like device and by pulling on this thread and holding the bobbin case loosely in your hand, the bobbin case should turn clockwise inside the case. Clockwise is essential.
Then turn the machine by slowly by hand and let the needle go down and up once. Then pull up the end of the needle thread which should then lift the bobbin thread with it. Pull both through the back of the presser foot and start to sew. I hope.
Try inserting the bobbin in the reverse direction. Most machines take a bobbin clockwise or counterclockwise and it can make a difference. Also try a new needle, a bad needle is often the problem believe it or not.
1. Take bobbin out and re-insert and thread.
If that dosen't work, try:
2. Take bobbin out and bobbin case, clean area and re-insert bobbin case and bobbin.
If that dosen't work, try:
3. Re-thread the top thread that goes to the needle. (Sometimes the thread dosen't hook to the "Thread take-up"(page 6 on manual). It pulls the bobbin thread and the bobbing becomes loose inside the bobbin case.
If that dosen't work, try:
4. Wind a new bobbin (Sometimes a bobbin might wind thread to lose) Do not wind thread to the edge of bobbin.
If that dosen't work, you should take it in to be serviced...Somenthing might become loose that only a technitian can correct.
Also check manual for troubleshooting.
Can you remove the bobbin? Sometimes when thread gets bunched up under the lower plate it will force the bobbin out of position. Try taking it out and cleaning any loose thread and lint from the area. Put a couple of drops of oil on the outside of the bobbin case and re-insert it. Make sure you lower the needle and pull the bobbin thread through to the top and back behind the needle before beginning to sew again.
Hope this works!