The following applies to motherboards such as an AsRock K7S41GX.
It does NOT apply to motherboards supporting the Intel Core i3, i5, i7, and i9 processors.
1) Motherboard diagram,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Motherboard_diagram.svg
A) CPU = Central Processing Unit. Another term is Microprocessor, or Processor for short.
The 'Brain' of the computer.
B) Front Side Bus. Also abbreviated as FSB.
The FSB is the 'Information Highway' between the Processor, and the Northbridge chip.
[Chip and Chipset are slang terms for I.C.
C) The motherboard chipset is the Northbridge chip, and the Southbridge chip.
The Northbridge chip handles the faster capabilities of the computer.
It is named NORTHbridge, because on the orientation of the motherboard, it is to the North of the motherboard.
The Southbridge chip handles the slower capabilities of the computer.
D) The Northbridge handles the Processor, Ram Memory, and HIGH-speed graphics.
AGP and PCI Express are high speed graphic technologies.
A graphics card used in a PCI expansion slot, and Integrated Graphics are NOT high speed graphics.
E) The Southbridge handles Integrated Graphics, (OnBoard graphics. Same/same), and the PCI bus.
A graphics card inserted into a PCI expansion slot is one example of Southbridge support.
Any add-in card inserted into a PCI expansion slot, is in the PCI bus.
Therefore handled by the Southbridge chip.
The Southbridge chip also handles IDE (PATA), and SATA harddrives.
Handles USB ports, Ethernet port/s, audio, and the CMOS memory.
F) The Internal Bus is the 'Information Highway' between the Northbridge chip, and the Southbridge chip.
G) The LPC Bus is the 'Information Highway' between the Southbridge chip, and the Super I/O chipset.
The LPC Bus is also the 'Information Highway' between the Southbridge chip, and the BIOS chipset.
H) The Super I/O chipset handles,
Floppy Disk Drive
The AsRock K7S41GX has;
A) Socket A processor socket. Also known as Socket 462http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socket_A
Can use AMD processors that fit in a Socket A processor socket, and have either a 200MegaHertz, 266MHz, or 333MHz FSB.
Here is the CPU Support List,http://www.asrock.com/mb/cpu.asp?Model=K7S41GX
Supports DDR Sdram ram memory at either 266MHz, or 333MHz.
PC2100 and PC2700, respectively.
Maximum TOTAL Amount of Ram Memory is 2GB
Maximum Amount for EACH ram memory slot is 1GB.
There are two ram memory slots.
Has an AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) graphics expansion slot, that supports AGP 4X , or AGP 8X graphics cards. (1.5 Volt)
Has two PCI expansion slots
Supports IDE (PATA) harddrive/s. (2 maximum)
Supports IDE optical drives. (CD or DVD, or burners for both)
The motherboard chipset is a SiS 741GX - Northbridge, and the SiS 963L - Southbridgehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Integrated_Systems