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The fridge gets its cold air from the freezer through a vent(damper) between the freezer and fridge.The fan in the freezer blows air through it. Make sure this fan is running. You may have to hold the door switch in for it to run. There is a flap you adjust with the fridge temp. control. Make sure it's opening and closing when you adjust the fridge temp. The problem could be the electronic control if you have one or the mechanical linkages.
If the evaporator coils behind the back panel of the freezer are icing up because of auto defrost failure that will stop the circulation of cold air and eventually affect the freezer too.
check defrost timer, defrost heater, defrost thermostat. In most newer models the timer has been replaced by an electronic control board. If the heater and thermostat are ok it’ll be the control.
You can turn the defrost timer till it clicks and everything shuts down. The heater should now come on. If it does, replace the timer. If it doesn't, check the heater and defrost thermostat. Turn the timer again till everything starts back up to end the defrost cycle.
Your evaporator coils frost up in normal use and every eight hours or so the entire unit shuts down and the defrost heater comes on to melt the frost. This cycle last about 20 minutes. The melted frost drips into a drain pan and through a drain tube to the drain tray under the freezer/refrigerator where it's evaporated by the condenser fan.
if turning the temp control up and then back down turns it back down, you might start with the thermostat. unless you have a local shop you like i recommend. http://www.appliancepartspros.com/partsearch/
Because your digital controls appear to be confused I think the electronic module behind the temp control is defective. The part number for your control board is 12868513
You can enter the model number JFC2087HRP in model and parts search feature at the link below. You may want to unplug refrigerator and examine the part for burn marks or other signs of damage. Let me know what you find, Thanks Sea Breeze
First you need to turn the freezer temp control back on(That just turned the whole refrigerator off)
The water dispenser may have stopped due to line freezing inside the refrigerator.
The ticking could have been the the element for the defrost cycle or the starter on the compressor.
So,turn it back on,set the temp to a normal setting and if the ticking is still there,wait 30 minutes to see if it stops,If no ticking is there when you restart it,wait 24 hour and check the temp inside as well as the water and ice dispenser,If all work,It is a defrost issue.If so you will either need a defrost timer,defrost element,or defrost thermostat.
If the ticking is still there,You will need to replace the start/run capacitor.
Have you ever cleaned the condenser coil in the back or under the bottom of the refrigerator. Dirty coil will cause this problem, also make sure the little fan motor in the back is working if it stops you can get the same condition. If not these two conditions you may be starting to have a refrigerant problem.
The unit gets low on refrigerant and just dosen't cool properly.
Sometimes the fan only runs when the door is closed. Try closing the door first if you don't hear it running then more than likely it's the fan. The fan comes on when the temp in the refer falls above 36 to 38 degrees. After the refer reaches temp then it cycles off. It should be running every time the compressor comes on.
Unless specifically made for use in a garage most units won't work properly. The owners manual should say what the temp range for proper operation is (usually 55F is the low range). This is because the refrigerator section doesn't need to be "cooling" to maintain 37F if the temps on the outside are below 55F. These things are made to work in a 70F room and will not work properly if under 55F. Stupid thing thinks it's cold enough so it will never turn on, the refer section will stay cold/cool due to outside temps but since the compressor never runs the freezer will just be the same temp as the refer section (at best). Sorry, but in order for a freezer or refrigerator to work in an unheated space it must have the temp control device controling the freezer section NOT the fresh food section. In other words, that model will not work in a garage unless the temps are above 55F always.
If the compressor is running non-stop then the temp. control is not telling it that it's "cold enough". If the compressor isn't running non-stop then you should look at the air damper (little window) that lets the freezer air into the refer compartment... if it's stuck open then you will always get cold air pushed into the fridge eventually becoming a freezer in itself.