Question about Brother XR-65t Mechanical Sewing Machine

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I am using a satin stitch to applique. The tension is incorrect. I have placed a different colour thread in the top and bobbin, the top thread is appearing only as a single thread through the bottom thread. The bobbin thread is clearly visible on both the top and bottom of the fabrics. I have read the manual and as the preset for satin stitch is "F" for the tension I do not understand how to correct the problem. Even when I adjust the tension dial to other numbers, the top thread always appears as a single thread on the top fabric, interlocked by the bobbin thread on the top surface of the fabric. HELP!!!

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  • Contributor
  • 25 Answers

You need to tighten the tension on the bobbin thread as it is too loose and is being pulled through by the tension on the top which is probably correct. First check that the bobbin is in correct. I know it's frustrating but even after 40 yr it's where I start if it's all in right then tighten the screw on the bobbin case a little at a time till you get it to the right tension. The thread coming out of the bobbin case should take a pull for thread to come out if you hold the thread and turn loose of the bobbin case and the thread unwinds like a yo-yo it's to loose. The bobbin should stay in the case wile you test it this way.

Posted on Apr 21, 2017

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

  • 1 Answer

SOURCE: Thread in needle or bobbin keeps on breaking

The tread only breaks in the needle. what can i do . i don't get to sew anything . I tread the needle and get everything ready and start the machine and as quickly as that the tread is broken and the machine has not sewn at all.

Posted on Apr 07, 2009

louislevel_2
  • 374 Answers

SOURCE: Thread looping on top and bottom of fabric

hi! there,
on this condition,you can avoid wasting time and material try on this, the problem is your set up of tension thats why.,but you should follow upper theading. see figure,c978815.jpgthis just sample of exact threading,next bobbins set up see fig.the thread should be clockwise rotation on winder5a00a72.jpgfollow this set up,and upon inserting be sure
you have clean feed dogs and shuttle race free from fabrics and threads chips.set dial tension to #3 to #4 and stitch dial to #12.then try this set.and you can watch on you tube sewing. try this stuff on internet address type www.youtube.com then on search box type sewing machine,have enjoy and have a nice day.don't forget to rate me,

Posted on Apr 14, 2009

  • 55 Answers

SOURCE: Difficulty adjusting tension to avoid bobbin looping

it sounds like your bobbin tension is too tight. to adjust bobbin tension, remove bobbin case (remove needle plate first) and adjust bobbin tension screw on side of case until bobbin thread has a slight resistance as you pull it through the bobbin case.

this will be trial and error until you get best result. you should always try and match top and bottom threads. if the top thread is quite thick you may have continue to increase needle thread tension until balanced.

scott

Posted on Jul 26, 2009

bargainbox
  • 1388 Answers

SOURCE: Huge loops on back of fabric!

Please TRY the solution BEFORE giving your considered rating.
Specific detail on bobbin case adjustment (with picture) near halfway down reply, the remainder will help you achieve a balance of top and bottom tensions.

Ensure that all is clean and free of lint and jams, this is the most likely cause....now for tension troubleshooting .......

This solution is for tension problems...if you cannot form any sort of stitch, the issue is quite different, so please let me know if you need a different problem solved.....

It is quite long, but just work through each section in order.

The "knotting up" can reveal a lot. If you have loose threads on one side or the other, the tension on the opposite side will be the culprit.

QUICK SUMMARY FIRST:
Ensure sharp new needle,
Thread guides and Bobbin are Clean & Clear of lint
Set Top Tesion to 4 ....then....
Balance Bobbin to suit.

TOP THREAD TENSION:
If the looping threads are on the underside as you sew, it is the top tension. Top tension ought to be between 4 & 6 (this variation to allow for the different weights of fabric in your projects).

IS YOUR NEEDLE SHARP ?
If you are using a needle that has seen quite a deal of work, or you suspect it may be blunt, change it for a new one !

TOP TENSION & GUIDES:
Make sure that when you thread the machine the presser foot is up so the thread goes between the discs and not to one side, top tension between 4 and 6, and that you have threaded through all the guides, including the last one, usually on the needle arm, just above the needle clamp.

It may be there is lint trapped between the discs, this will keep them slightly apart and reduce the actual tension, sometimes dramatically.

If tensions appear correct, and the thread is definitely in the channel between the discs, but still too loose and looping, try raising presser foot and remove your thread.

Now, with a 2" (50mm) wide strip piece of fabric 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) moistened with methylated or denatured spirit, gently insert the fabric strip and clean between the discs with a see saw / to and fro action.

In the worst cases, gentle use of a needle to pick & remove the jam may be necessary, but be very gentle and make sure the tension is set at Zero and the presser foot is raised, (to disengage tension plates).... do not gouge or score the plates, they need a polished surface to work correctly.

BOBBIN TENSION:
Far less common, but if the loose threads are on the top, it is bobbin tension that is loose, it too may have lint in the spring and be giving a "false" tension.

I would not recommend fiddling with bobbin tension without good reason, it may end up with missing small screws and spring pieces, however, you can take the needle plate off to clean
the hook race area (where bobbin case sits)

...this is just good housekeeping, my wife does this every time she replaces the bobbin....

just take it out and clean the bobbin case and the fixed metal hook race with a small brush to remove lint. If there is a significant amount of lint, use a vacuum and small brush to get the worst.

Then wipe all this area with a cloth or cotton bud (Q tip) moistened (not soaked) with methylated spirit, especially if there appears to be fine dirty deposits....oil and lint combine to conspire against you.

If it seems likely that you ......really ....do .....actually .....need .....to adjust the bobbin case, first check there is no lint trapped in the metal spring where the thread is tensioned.

TOP LOADER:
Drop-in Bobbin case will look similar to this image with the tension screw in the middle of the metalwork....

4c76dc1.jpg ...the other screw at one end is holding it all together, so beware....it is not a tragedy to undo the whole lot and clean it, but very gingerly and lay the bits out in sequence and orientation, or you risk tearing your hair out !

FRONT LOADER:
....this is a bobbin case from a front loading machine and works in a very similar fashion to the top loader with drop in bobbin, again, if you dismantle it, take care so you can put it all
back properly.
165ca5c.jpg FINISHING UP
GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT:
When you are certain there's no trapped lint in top tension or bobbin, set the top tension to 4 and the bobbin tension to a point where you just begin to feel resistance.

Try using good quality thread of contrasting colours so you can more easily spot the changes.

Set your zigzag to one width less than maximum (eg. 5 of 6 ...or... 4 of 5 etc) and sew a sample for a few inches and check the result.... adjust the bobbin tension screw very little at
a time, perhaps 1/16 of a turn.

You may find you are playing with this balance for some little while and if you are putting the needleplate on and off each time begin to think it cannot be correct to do this.....BUT....it is,
and eventually, you do get a "feel" for the correct tension and then it happens quite quickly.....as a user you won't be doing it very often unless there is lint built up (or are there small hands at work around the house !?!?!)

OTHER ISSUES:
If you live near the ocean as we do, salt air can play havoc with metalwork inside and out, so to help minimise this, keep a few small packets of dessicant (silica gel) in your machine
case....no case ? then make some sort of cover !

Same applies in any damp or humid environment, keep your machine dry and dust free.

Budget for a proper full service every couple of years (more often if heavily used) and if you don't use your machine for a few years, be aware that old oil will dry out and combining with
dust and form a "clag" like glue (another reason for some sort of cover, even a teatowel !)

FINALLY, A WORD ON THREAD:
If it is worth spending the time, energy and money on making something that you would like to give lasting enjoyment......use quality thread, .......it may seem to cost a little more at the
time, but the results, ease of use and added longevity will be worth the extra, and as a bonus, your tension troubles may be fewer and further between, because there is a more consistent diameter with good thread, and less compensating to be done by your tension plates and less thread breaks !

bargainbox.com.au

Posted on Aug 02, 2009

sburtenshaw1
  • 5 Answers

SOURCE: Shirring fabric?

When putting your shirring elastic on the bobbin, don't thread the elastic through the bobbin holder,adjust the stitch length longer,and loosen the tension, other wise if you want to put it through the bobbin holder you have to loosen the tension screw on the bobbin holder, and then you have to adjust it back for ordinary sewing,

Posted on Feb 13, 2010

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2 Answers

I have a Bernina 145 S activa and I can't get my satin stitch to work , it brings the bobbin thread to the top , what can I do ?


Do you use stabilizer when you are satin stitching? I had a teacher who also hooped the fabric with a spring-loaded embroidery hoop (turned upside-down under the presser foot so the fabric is flat against the needle plate) that would keep the fabric taut.

It is not uncommon for bobbin thread to rise to the top when doing embroidery, satin stitch, etc., especially if you are using lighter-weight thread than usual. You would normally loosen the upper tension so the upper thread will sink into the fabric. However, if loosened upper tension is not doing enough, you may need to adjust bobbin tension when doing embroidery, applique... You might try tightening the bobbin tension just a smidgen to get the bobbin thread to stay below the fabric. Be sure to mark the bobbin case before making any adjustments so you can return it to the original setting when finished with the satin stitch. (If you do a lot of satin stitch or applique, etc., you may want to invest in a separate bobbin case that is set up only for doing that kind of work--saves having to alter the bobbin tension frequently.)

Sewing Perfect Satin Stitch Wildly Wonderful Wearables Patterns Notions...

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&ved=0ahUKEwiRr76k0sbLAhXBKGMKHei6AfIQFggqMAI&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmachinequilting.mqumag.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F12%2FSatin-Stitch-Techniques-Part-1.pdf&usg=AFQjCNFXYKp2C-RJEAAUMWwApqZlU895uQ&cad=rja

Mar 16, 2016 | Bernina Sewing Machines

1 Answer

How can I use my Bernina 640 Artista to applique


Perhaps I'm not understanding your question. When doing applique, I use a very tight zigzag stitch with a satin stitch foot or open-toe embroidery foot (so the thickness of the stitches do not create buildup under the presser foot). Set the tension so the bobbin thread stays mostly under the fabric so the top thread is the only thread that shows on the top (sometimes threading the bobbin pigtail will help).

Fuse the cutout fabric to the backing fabric. Then zigzag so the raw edge of the fabric is covered by the zigzag (helps to use a thicker thread so the coverage is easier).

Some newer machines have the ability to miter corners. On my 930, I set the needle position to the outside of the raw edged. Then when I near the corner, I gently, but consistently, narrow the stitch width to an an outside point, since the needle on the outside edge, turn the fabric and gently, but consistently, widen the stitch to full width. This creates a nice mitered corner.

When making curves, stitch small lengths and then sink the needle on the outside of the curve, and gently turn the fabric to follow the curve and repeat while going around the curve.

https://books.google.com/books?id=MQneD8cQ5KAC&pg=PA13&lpg=PA13&dq=mitered+applique+corner&source=bl&ots=1sHsUrkVAz&sig=1WZ-i2-T3RtvUEW797sHxTKiq4E&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiaoZeiwunKAhVslYMKHewdDFEQ6AEIKzAC#v=onepage&q=mitered%20applique%20corner&f=false


How to Appliqu Like Pro Sew4Home (FWIW, IMHO, the satin stitch on the bird is really a poor example. The stitch is not very even at all--could be the sewing machine.)

How to Make and Apply Appliques (The giraffe is a better example, although choosing a simple design to applique usually yields better results.)

Practice, practice, practice!

...

Feb 08, 2016 | Bernina Artista 640E Sewing, Quilting and...

1 Answer

Bobbin thread is pulled through fabric on zigzag stitch


You need to adjust the tension of the stitching, it sounds as if the top stitch tension is looser than the lower in the bobbin.

Nov 02, 2012 | PfaFF Sewing Machines

3 Answers

Upper thread keeps breaking


Symptoms like this are typically tension or threading problems.
Grab some dental floss (unwaxed) completely remove the top thread. Lift the foot. Run your floss between any tension discs.

Get out your manual and make sure you thread it properly. Have the proper retention disc on the thread spindle if your machine has one. Make sure the thread is unspooling the correct way. Thread the machine with the foot up always. ...

Test sew on scrap. still breaking? Change the needle (make sure it's the right needle for the project.) Test sew. Finally check your tension and stitch length. Thicker materials typically need longer stitches. Loosen the tension a little at a time. testing between changes.

If none of those things work... check your needle throat plate and foot. There could be a burr causing the problem.

Jul 05, 2012 | Bernina Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Distorted embroidery with Designer SE


have you tried changing the needle
try rethreading the machine top & bottom
also clean under needle plate area & bobbin area for loose threads & lint

Jan 27, 2012 | Husqvarna Designer I

1 Answer

How do you adjust the tension on a Bernina 180


There are two tension adjustments, which should be done with a proper set of weight gauges - top and bottom thread tension should be carefully balanced to get the best stitch formation. It is best that you assume the top tension is correct and adjust the bobbin tension to match. Load the bobbin with thread of one colour and put a spool of the same thread but a different colour on the top. Thread-up the machine, load the bobbin and sew-off a satin-stitch on max width zig-zag. In this configuration, there should be a very small 'bead' of the top thread showing along each side of the satin-stitch on the underside of the material. If there's excessive top showing, the bobbin tension is too high and if none, the bobbin tension is too low. To adjust the tension, remove the bobbin case and you will see a spring around the edge with two screws through it. One of the screws holds the spring in place and the other adjusts the tension - this is furthest from the edge of the spring and is in a small 'cup' in the spring itself. To reduce tension, turn the screw VERY SLIGHTLY anticlockwise and to increase it turn it clockwise. Make very slight adjustments and re-check sewing-off the satin-stitch every time until you get the required thin line of top showing down each side of the stitch on the underside. Ideally this should be done with Mettler Metrosene thread, but as we're just balancing against the top tension, it shouldn't matter too much provided you use a good thread top and bottom.

Jan 27, 2012 | Bernina Artista 180

1 Answer

Issue with Bernina Activa 130: The stitches seem really loose and raised/bumpy. Not sure how else to describe.


Check that you have got the thread correctly routed on the bobbin case and that there is noticeable 'drag' on the thread when you pull the thread out of the bobbin, in its case. If there's little or no drag, it is likely that the bobbin tension needs increasing. I'm assuming you've set the top tension to thered line. A good check is to load two colours of the same thread type top-and-bottom - when sewing on wide zig-zag, the top thread colour should be the only one seen on the top of the material and the bottom colour should be mostly seen on the bottom ... it's OK to have just a spot of the top colour showing on the underside on wide zig-zag/satin stitch.

Sep 08, 2011 | Bernina Activa 130

1 Answer

I have been using the zig zag stitch for appliques and all of a sudden the bottom thread which is a different color is showing on the top. I have rethreaded top and bottom threads, changed needles, cleaned...


it sounds like no bobbin thread tension. there should be some resistance when you pull on the bobbin thread. if there is none or too little you may have some lint or thread caught behind the bobbin case tension spring.

very carefully try and push the tip of a thin pin into the bobbin case tension spring and pick any accumulated thread or lint out.

if the bobbin case spring is clean, try tightening the bobbin tension a little at a time until your zig zag looks ok.

of-course all this is done after checking needle threading and needle for damage.

scott.

Jul 29, 2009 | Janome Sewing Machines

1 Answer

When appliqueing in stitch 11 the thread kees looping...


I believe stitch 11 is a zig zag so you are probably decreasing the length to get a satin stitch. You will get a better satin stitch if you select it directly. I think that it is about 29. The machine forms the satin stitch differently than the zig zag and it should look better. If you still get loops on top, you may need to have a qualified technician check the needle to hook clearance. If this distance is too great, the machine skips stitches and you will form loops. Several other adjustments may be needed to get a perfect stitch and a qualified Husqvarna technician should be able to take care of this problem for you.

Nov 23, 2008 | Husqvarna Viking 1

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