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Sewing Machines Master
Re: I can't get my neetle tensions tight enough on my ...
First thing is to make sure there is no lint etc caught in the tension unit, even a small amount can reduce tension considerably.
If that doesn't solve the problem, we need you to give more detail of the machine, as there are a couple of different tension units which require different methods, 'over the top' or 'around a knob' ........which of these two is most like your machine ?
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Breaking thread? Presumably the top thread? AVOID old or bargain bin threads. The upper tension is too tight or the thread is not properly seated in the tension disk, the needle is defective or the needle, needle eye/scarf is not the best choice for the fabric/thread being used, there may be a snag in the bobbin area that is catching the thread. Make sure the thread is not catching on the spool's thread notch.
The top thread breaks
1. the needle thread is not threaded properly
2. The needle thread tension is to tight
3. The needle is bent or blunt
4. The needle is incorrectly inserted
5. The needle thread & the bobbin thread are not set under the presser foot when starting to sew
6. the threads were not drawn to the rear after sewing
7. The thread is either to heavy or to fine for the needle
8. Try a different spool or cone of thread
Check the spindle the thread is mounted on and see if it\'s wrapped around it. Sometimes thread will catch and wrap around the spool spindle and break.
Check thread guides to be sure there are no nicks that might be catching the thread or damaging it.
Replace the needle.. a burr in the eye can cause upper thread to break. Needles should be replaced often, modern fibres can be hard on them, they get dull and that\'s no help for anything either.
Make sure the thread spool is mounted on the spindle with the thread coming off as directed in the manual. Some machines only work when the thread feeds in the right direction from the spool.
It can also be a tension issue.. tight upper tension or tight bobbin tension. Bobbin tension may be adjustable manually, but it\'s pretty rare for it be a problem. Upper tension, I don\'t know. I\'ve yet to get into computer machines so am not familiar with how they set upper tension.
But the mechanism that produces the tension can wear out or break and need replacement.
here are some suggestions
Is machine threaded correctly, check each thread guide, all tension dics
Are needles inserted correctly
Are the needles bent or damaged
Is tension adjusted to tightly
Is tension adjusted to accommodate thickness of thread being used
Are you using good quality thread
Is thread feeding off cone/spool freely
Is the needle size correct for the type of fabric being used
Are the needles being used the correct ones for the machine
A sewing machine operator can often help themselves when their machine does not operate properly. Here are some simple instructions, which if properly used can save time and mechanics service calls. TROUBLE;UPPER THREAD KEEPS BREAKING; This could be trouble;================Do this; 1.Top tension to tight================loosen tension 1 turn 2.Machine improperly threaded=========check threading 3.Thread twisted on guide post========" 4.Thread twisted out of tension=======" 5.Take up spring bent or broken=======Check action of spring 6.Thread jumped off pull off finger===Check threading 7.Needle bent or burred===============new needle 8.Bad cone of thread==================try another cone TROUBLE;LOWER THREAD KEEPS BREAKING; 1.Bobbin tensionspring to tight=======Loosen tension slightly 2.Bobbin threaded wrong===============check threading 3.Bobbin wound to tight or uneven=====try new bobbin 4.lint or thread on bobbin case=======clean inside case 5.Lint or thread inside hook==========clean inside hook 6.Bobbin case nicked bent or burred===check/change case TROUBLE;MACHINE STARTED SKIPPING STITCHES; 1.Needle bent or burred===============change 2.Needle set in crooked===============Check 3.Thread jumped off take up spring====check threading 4.Thread jumped off pull off finger===check threading TROUBLE STITCHES SHOWING LOOPS; 1.Forming loops on top of cloth=======Tighten bobbin tension ======================================or loosen top tension. 2.forming loops on bottom of cloth====Tighten top tension 3.Bobbin placed in case incorrectly===remove and replace 4.Bobbin thread slipped from under====check threading of tension===============================bobbin case 5.Lint or thread in top tension=======clean between tension discs
try rethreading machine
thread tension is to tight -try 3-5-see if that works better
thread might be caught around spool pin -tension dial
needle & thread may not be compatable-try this & see if it works for you
Cut 6-8 inch piece of thread of the spool you are going to use for your project
Take the needle you are going to use for the project
& insert the thread thru the eye of the needle
& lift one end of the thread to a 45 degree angle
& if the needle is the right size for the thread it will slide down the thread
But if the needle hangs on the thread you need one size larger needle for the thread
Most likely the upper tension dial is too high. Turn it to 4 and try pulling the thread through the needle and see if it moves easier than before. If not turn it to 3. This should be a good tension on your upper thread so it won't make the stitch so tight. Also, be sure that the thread spool holder isn't too tight against your spool of thread. Let me know if this works.
when bobbin thread shows on top, it means that there's too much tension on top thread.
1. Check if top thread unwinds and feeds up well. Make sure that the spool doesn't slide off horizontal spool pin. If it falls – it creates too high tread tension by not giving the thread to unwind properly. 2. Check that the needle is good, not sticky, and allows the thread to come through it easily. It should have a large enough eye.
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