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Re: amp & sub wiring
Whether you should run them series or parallel depends on the ohms of the speakers and the rating of the amp. If the amp rating is 2 ohms and the speaker are 4 each, then you can run parallel. When you connect speakers in parallel, the total impedance (ohms) is calculated by dividing the impedance of one speaker by the number of speakers, assuming they're all the same. When in series, add the speaker impedances together (i.e. 2 speakers 4 ohms each=8 ohms) Going over the amp rating doesn't hurt anything but the level of sound, but when you go below it, you'll eventually burn out the amp.
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I am assuming these are subs, you didnt say, but that is my guess. do you want bass, or do you want to take it easy on your amp? do you have a terminal cup on your sub box, or just wires going into the box to the speakers? take it easy route: wire positive from amp to positive of one speaker, negative of amp to negative of the other speaker, with a jumper wire connecting the negative of the first speaker, to the positive of the second. more bass route: run seperate positive and negative wires to each speaker, making sure to maintain proper polarity.
That amplifier is only rated at 150 watts at 4 ohms, or 300 watts at 2 ohms. Not a very strong amp to run 2 kicker comps. My guess is you have the subs wired wrong for your application. There are 2 types of subs, one is a dual 4 ohm, and one is a dual 2 ohm. Most people bridge these coils together and that cuts your ohms in half. For example. Lets say you have the 10cvr104 subs. Thats the dual 4 ohm sub. You wire the coils together in parallel, now its a 2 ohm sub. You have 2 of these subs running off of your amp, if they are hooked up in parallel, now you have a 1 ohm load, out of the amplifiers normal operation. Your amplifiers internals heat up really quick and there is a thermal overload, putting your amplifier into circuit protection mode. My suggestion for wiring your subs is as follows: for each speaker, wire the coils together like this- positive coil1 to negative coil 2 and negative coil 1 to positive coil 2. That is called running in series, and doubles your ohm load. Next, we need to wire the speakers together properly to hook up to your amplifier. For this, since the coils are hooked together, you only need to use one set of terminals from each sub. And take the positive from sub 1 and hook it to positive of amp. Take negative sub 1 and hook it to positive of sub 2. Take negative of sub 2 and hook it to negative of amp.
Not sure what you mean by AB but being that this is a monoblock or 1 channel amplifier you can only hook it up 1 way. Verify the polarity from your speaker box. + to + and - to -. As far as your impedance is concerned this amp is stable to 1.5 ohms but for this case we will assume you have two 4 ohm subwoofers. When you parallel these together you will have a total effective load of 2 ohms on the amplifier. This is a stable operating impedance for the amp.
Other impedance options are:
two 8 ohm speakers = 4 ohm load three 8 ohm speakers = 2.66 ohms
If you have dual voice coil subwoofers then parallel the coils on each sub + to + and - to -. Depending on the impedance of each sub you may then have to wire the individual subwoofers in series. Here is an example.
2 dual voice coils with 4 ohm taps
Each subwoofer with the coils in parallel would be a 2 ohm load if you were to then parallel the two subwoofers together you would have 1 ohm total load on your amp. This is BAD for your amp. Your option is to run the subwoofers in series.
To run the speakers in series is simple. The + from one speaker and the - from the other will be connected to the amp. The other + and - from the speakers will be connected together.
it depends on the impedance of the subs-if your subs are dual 4 ohm coils then you can parallel the coils which will give you 2 ohms per sub- you could get max performance from your amp by just wiring the 2 ohm speaker load to each channel of the amp which will hit them with about 200 watts rms each. another way to do it is to wire the coils in series which will make each sub an 8 ohm load and then parallel them together and that will show a 4 ohm load -which you can use to run the amp safely in bridged mode. This will give you exactly the same amount of power to your subs as in 2 ohm stereo will. so with your amp being 2 ohm stable in stereo or 4 ohm stable in bridged mode- those are the numbers you want to hit for maximum"safe" operation
From what I am able to determine, the Orion HCCA250 is a bridgeable 2-channel amp that is stable to 1ohm when bridged and outputs 800 watts RMS into that load.
The JL W6's in both 10" and 12" versions are dual voice coil with 4ohm coils so they can be wired to present either an 8ohm load (series) or a 2ohm load (parallel). They can handle 600 watts RMS.
With this combination, the best configuration would be to wire the sub voice coils in parallel for a 2ohm load and then parallel both subs to the amp bridged terminals for a final impedance of 1ohm. The subs will each be getting 400 watts.
In any event, I would not recommend running subs in series. There is some evidence for distortion being caused by something termed "back EMF".
Your Directed D2400 amp is CEA2006 Compliant. It is stable at 1ohm and will produce 1,200 watts into that load. So you want your subs wired as close to 1 ohm as possible.
The only 3500 watt Pioneer Premier series subs I could find were the models number TS-W3002D2 and TS-W3002D4 with dual 2ohm and dual 4ohm voice coils respectively. The wiring options for the D2's result in 0.5ohm (too low), 2 ohms, and 8ohms. Your best option would be the 2ohm configuration which would be voice coils in series and subs in parallel. Options for the D4's result in a 1ohm load and a 4ohm load. Your best option would be the 1ohm configuration which would be voice coils and subs parallel.
To see the wiring options, try Rockford-Fosgate's "wiring wizard".
Select 2 woofers and the appropriate voice coil impedance and quantity and click "search". It'll bring up all of the possible wiring configurations along with the final impedance load.
You can connect them in a series/parallel configuration. Put two of them in series and then connect the last one in parallel across the two in series. This would give you an impeadance of around 2.7 ohms. Only do this if your amp is stable at 3 ohms or less. I am not familiar with the specs of your amp. If your amp is only 4 ohm stable you can not do this.
This would also give you half the power on the two subs in series as the power for the one that is parallel. The two in series would be sharing the total output signal, where-as the one in parallel would get the entire output signal from the amp.
if you were to connect a fourth sub woofer in this configuration it could give you a 4 ohm load, by adding the fourth sub in series with the single sub that is in parallel. or in other words, yu have two sets of 2 sub woofers each in series. That gives you two 8 ohm loads (two 4 ohm subs in series is 8 ohms). Then you take the two sets of subs and parallel them (two 8 ohm loads in parallel equals 4 ohms).
If i had a picture to show you it would make sense, two subs in series that are in parallel with two subs in series.