I followed directions closely but I am unable to receive any strong clear messages. I am using a 1001z and a window mount antenna, shown here (http://midlandradio.com/comersus/store/comersus_viewItem.asp?idProduct=5445)
First of all I am having a hard time finding the best place to ground the radio. I have tried a few different spots on the inside metal surfaces of my car, the best seems to be the negative (ground) wire on the cigarette lighter (where the power is connected) but I thought grounding the radio to the floor of the car (and thus, the body of the whole car) would be best but that picks up a lot of ignition noise and such.
Secondly, how come I cant hear anything? I grounded the receiving end of the antenna, I have followed all the instructions, but am I supposed to get the antenna tuned?
Thirdly, after reading around on forums, some people use noise canceling box things in their ground wires to quiet down the interference. Is this necessary?
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Re: How to set up and "tune" the radio and antenna
Even though I say you should use a better antenna, if set up properly, you should still be able to receive and transmit even with the window mount antenna, they just do now allow you to actually receive and transmit to the full capability of your radio. They were not designed for the practical use in mind, but more so for the looks.
1. For grouding the radio, you can ground it just about anywhere you like. I usually sugest running the power and ground right off of the battery.
2. When you say you grounded the receiving end of the antenna, did you mean that you grounded out the metal part of the antenna, the part on the outside of the window? Please clarify. If the actual antenna is grounded, it is like having no antenna at all. I have not used this particular antenna and am not sure if that antenna needs to be grounded. Unless the instructions from the antenna package said so, it will not need to be. On a regular antenna application, the base where the antenna is screwed into is grounded and the antenna itself is not.
Make sure your PA/CB switch is set to CB, they are easy to bump and not notice that they are set to PA. Turn your squelch all the way counter clockwise.
3.You don't have to use inline noise filters. People use those when they get like alternator noise coming through their radio, which will be a whining sound when you are acellerating, or turning your airconditioner blower between fan settings.
This is why I usually suggest people run their cb radio power straight from the battery, because it lets the batterywork as a filter, but you can try an inline filter if you don't want to go that route. But first, you have to any determine if you have alternator noise before you need to worry about it.
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also the internal speakers aren't that great. Try an external. I can't just use an internal because an external is so much better.
Something else to consider. There is a lot of skip right now. Skip is when the ionosphere becomes charge by solar flairs, and causes radio signals to skip across it, making them travel hundreds and even thousands of miles. There are some cb operators out there who run a lot of power. 10k watts and up, who just talk skip all day. A lot of those guys sound extremely distorted and over modulated. You may be hearing these guys out there. Its their radio's not your receive.
Also. People who are close to you, may over load the front of the radio in the receive section, which will make it sound distorted.
First off, Midland makes a fine radio. Make sure your squelch is turned all the way down to receive distant signals (down meaning counter clockwise). The through the glass antennas are not the best thing in the world. I personally use a 102" whip and a 6" spring on a modified mirror mount. It is installed on the tailgate side of the tool box. The TX and RX is amazing. Wilson and K40 make great antennas also.
take a 9 foot wire to the bad radio put the the wire into the center of the ant jack a see if you can hear your buddy glass mount ant are ****.
9 foot whip is best in car/truck 4 foot fiberglass cophased are next 4 foot are next mags are ok but over time and moving around they will mess up you paint
First off, that radio will not transmit very well anyways. but for just off roading it should suffice. You really should adjust your antenna's both of you. First off this is almost definitely the problem if you can recieve but not send. Also if you use the radio without a properly adjusted antenna it will destroy the radio over time, sometimes instantly. pick up a cheap SWR meter and follow these steps:
Plug the SWR meter into the radio, and the antenna.
Start on channel 1, the meter should have a switch with 2 settings, one for adjustments and one for reading. Key up (hold down talk button on mic) with the switch in adjust mode and adjust the knob until it reaches the adjustment marker.
flip the switch to reading and key up again.
Your goal is to get this reading as close to 1.1 as possible, anything above a 2.0 will damage your radio.
if the reading is within range repeat for channels 20 and 40.
may be u burned yr final transistors...check if yr antenna is well grounded and try just after this to transmit, if the indicator is not stable on the green area when you are in "am" modulation stop to try and bring to the assistance
Running most any regular cb, including this one barefoot (with no kicker), having a good antenna, set up with a good ground plane or a no-goundplane antenna, good coax; basically everything in good working order, you can usually bank on about 4 to 5 miles crisp and clear, and at least 6 to 10 miles fairly clear. Of course the further out you get it will start to fade out.
Some radios do better than others, but those are the general numbers I have seen in my years of experience.