I just received a very old hand me down sewing machine. I can thread the machine, but I am having problems with threading the bobbin properly and setting the tension. I have the owners manual, but it refers to the instructions in the small envelope included in the box of accessories. I don't have this. It says it shows the proper way to thread the bobbin and the bobbin case. Can someone help please?
If you go to this link, it shows for the 117.591 model, but it is threaded the same exact way as the 117.959, that will thread the machine and bobbin, I have used this to thread my machine which is the 117.959, and it sewed perfectly until I started messing with the tension, I still haven't figured that part out yet, but I will and when I do, I will let you know. You should be able to thread the bobbin correctly with the manual, if you are pulling the bobbin through the hole the needle is going down in, your bobbin is threaded correctly, if the problem is like mine, your not making stitches, the problem is with the tension. I hope I have helped and if not, sorry. http://sewusa.com/Threading_Diagrams/Threading_Pages/Kenmore_Sewing_Machine_Threading/kenmore_117591_threading_diagram.htm
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Which thread on your sewing machine are you referring to? With either the top thread or the bottom (bobbin) thread, the problem is most likely due to the tension.
Another reason for the top thread breaking could because the machine is not threaded correctly.
If you have the owner's manual for your sewing machine, check it for the settings for the top thread tension and for the correct threading. Also, check the manual for information on the bobbin (bottom) tension.
Remove the thread from the machine. ALWAYS RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning. Verify the thread path is correct and that the bobbin is loaded and threaded correctly. Set the top tension to the midway point--you'll probably need to tweak the tension for your particular machine.
Bring the bobbin thread to the top of the fabric (manually with the handwheel). Then gently hold both thread tails in your left hand while you begin to slowly take the first couple of stitches.
If you are still getting thread barfs in the bobbin area, your machine may be out of time. Search for sewing machine timing or take it for service.
In case you are unable to view--here is the text:
The Singer 7256 Fashion Mate sewing machine has a top drop-in thread bobbin and an automatic needle threader. The digital display on the side of the machine is used to select different stitch settings on the machine. When the display reads error code E2, it means that there is a bobbing threading error, which may be caused by the thread looping or bunching under the fabric as you sew.
Things You'll Need
Push the bobbin-winding spindle of the sewing machine back to the left.
Turn the hand-wheel toward you, hold the needle thread (thread on the sewing machine needle) and tug it lightly as the needle goes down and then raises up. A small loop will raise up through the needle plate on the sewing machine. Use the tip of a pen to lift the loop up through to the back of the machine.
Check the position of the needle. It should be seated in the sewing machine with the flat side facing the back of the machine. If it is not, remove the needle and reinsert it so that it is facing the correct way.
Remove the bobbin case. Use a screwdriver to turn the screw on the side of the bobbin until the loops of thread pull taught and are removed.
Remove any loose fibers or threads that may be stuck in the tension disks.
Reset the upper tension disks. Raise the presser foot lever up. Put the tension setting of the sewing machine on setting "4." Hold onto the spool of thread in your right hand and with your left, route the thread down through the tension channel, around the bottom of the disk and up the other side. When done correctly, the thread will click into place and slip in between the tension disks.
Set the thread bobbin in the bobbin case, with the thread passing over the top of the bobbin and then down to the right. Route the thread through the notch located at the left of the bobbin case and pull it through. Move the thread over the top of the throat plate and over to the back of the machine.
Tips & Warnings
Using incorrect bobbins may cause error E2 to occur. Not all plastic bobbins are the same size, so check the model number of the bobbin to ensure that you are using the correct one with your sewing machine.
Never turn the hand-wheel on the sewing machine away from you, as it will change the timing on the sewing machine.
Is it really the bobbin thread that is globbing? Check closely. Usually it is the upper thread accumulating under the fabric.
If it is in fact the bobbin thread, then the bobbin case is not threaded correctly, the bobbin case tension needs adjustment, or it is broken and needs replacement. There are web sites and YouTube videos that show how to adjust the bobbin case tension.
QUICK FIXES: Remove all the thread from the machine. Clean the area around the feed dogs and bobbin area. Oil as instructed in the owner's manual using ONLY fresh, good quality sewing machine oil (only 1-2 drops each spot). Install a brand new needle insuring it is installed correctly. Avoid using fuzzy, old, or bargain bin thread. Rethread: Be sure you raise the presser foot BEFORE threading the upper thread so it will seat properly in the tension disk--and check to make sure you are threading the machine correctly. Check that the upper tension is set properly (the factory standard is usually the halfway point between the high & low number on the selection). Test on a scrap of the fabric you wish to sew. Adjust the upper tension--either tighten to pull the upper thread toward the top of the fabric, or loosen to pull more upper thread down.
Hi, this is a lack of lower tension. Check to make sure your bobbin is seated correctly and that you have used the correct thread path. Check the tension by drawing some thread from the bobbin with your hand, if it reels off too easily, the tension hook for the bobbin is too loose, tighten it down a tiny bit with a small screw driver and try again. If the bobbin tension is normal, than the problem may be your upper tension, if it is too tight it can cause your bobbin to snarl. If a tension adjustment does not fix the problem, you may need to seek a specialist.
Bunching of thread is 99% a top tension problem.
sure you thread the top thread correctly. Thread the machine with the
presser lever up. Test the tension by lowering the presser lever before
threading the eye of the needle, by pulling the
thread with your left hand and adjusting the tension with your right
hand while slowly pulling downwards. There should be no resistance when
the tension dial is on zero, and you should be able to feel more
resistance when you increase the tension. Ideal tension is between 3 and
5. When your top tension is correct, your machine should operate
correctly. If you feel no resistance with the presser foot down and the tension dial on 5, check the tension disks for fluff or broken thread. When you lift the presser foot, the tension disks should open and you would be able to remove any cotton or fluff. Good Luck
If you threaded the machine with the presser foot up and the is bobbin inserted so the bobbin thread is feeding from the bobbin spool in the correct direction and through the guides as indicated in the manual, then there is a possibility that the timing needs to be adjusted by an authorized Brother tech.
Make sure you thread the top[ thread correctly. Thread the machine with the presser lever up. Test the tension by lowering the presser lever before threading the cotton through the eye of the needle, by pulling the thread with your left hand and adjusting the tension with your right hand while slowly pulling downwards. There should be no resistance when the tension dial is on zero, and you should be able to feel more resistance when you increase the tension. Ideal tension is between 3 and 5. When your top tension is correct, your machine should operate correctly
Make sure your bobbin thread is turning clockwise as it sits in the bobbin case. There is a screw on the outside of the bobbin case you can turn with your thumb slightly to adjust tension. If you dangle the case from the thread and give it a light ****, it should move down slightly when doing so-an indicator of good bobbin tension.