Prior to threading needle, thread goes into small brush inside the left hand side of machine this brush is becoming quite worn and making top thread to tight as it catches into it, is this brush replaceable size 1/8 th wide and 1/2 inch long
Tention has been turned, its a small knob with numbers, , use remnant while correcting, use streight stitch , I added a drop of nail polish on correct setting, my kids kept messing with it. after that I was always ok
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needle too small or machine out of time. to time machine theres a mark on needle bar. lower needle bar till mark shows and raise bar till even with bar guide. take off feeder plate so u can see needle in relation to hook. when mark on needel bar is even with bar guide the hook should be 1/16 fron passing the needle. if not loosen 3 screws and trial and error it to get it right. use a small screwdriver and tighten just on screw when u hab aglined the hook to needle. do a full rotation and watch where needle is and needle bar mark. needel should be as clost to hook without touching.
Check bobbin case for loose threads in spring area that could be causing bobbin not to hold enough tension on bobbin thread. You can check bobbin case tension by using your needle plate. Holding bobbin case in your hand, insert a bobbin and thread it through the spring as usual. On the end of the bobbin thread, tie your needle plate to the thread. Hold case in your hand side ways so that thread travels downward with needle plate and thread trails downward across the case. The case should be perpendicular to the table top or floor. The weight of the needle plate should be so that the thread does not travel down unless the bobbin case is shaken slightly. The thread should then travel down slowly but stop once you hold case steady. If this is ok, check top tension. Turn on the machine. Lower the presser foot. With needle threaded, pull the thread the needle. You should feel some resistance. If there is none. Raise the presser foot and brush out any loose threads that might be caught in the upper tension disks. Many times, loose threads can get caught here that will keep disks from closing completely.
Most machines are very, very similar, therefore, no matter what brand you own, there's basically the same steps to follow:
1. Place good quality thread on spool pin, back right-hand side of machine and raise presser foot UP.
2.Pull thread taut from spool.Make sure silver take-up lever raised to highest position.
3. Guide thread under first tension disc.
4. Hold thread taut, guiding thread into next tension disc.
When you get to the take-up leaver (silver lever on right side of machine that has a hole at the top--hold thread taut guiding it from right to left through
hole, bring thread down left side of it, and put thread into tension bracket, hold thread taut! Put thread in back of needle into another small bracket and pull thread towards you.
Time to thread needle: put thread front to back into eye of needle.
Put thread under presser foot and pull under the center of it a good 6".Lower presser foot on scrap of fabric to test. Turn hand wheel toward you to lower needle into fabric scrap.
Use foot (or knee depending on machine) to start machine.
Do not pull or push fabric but gently guide it.
Place fabric scrap under needle. Low
Try rethreading with a new needle. Make sure presser foot in up position when you rethread. Thread needle with flat side in back and more rounded side facing you. Make sure you pull the thread taut as you insert the thread into all of the tension disks. Clean out the shuttle and the feed dogs with gentle handling of your small sewing machine lint brush. Sometimes broken thread, lint, and threads from your fabric get caught in these areas and are not visibile until you get the brush bristles in there. Make sure your top tension is on a medium number and that your pattern setting matches the stitch you wish to perform.Also make sure your needle size matches the fabric weight. Another fix if it isn't anything I have mentioned so far, there is a foot pressure regulator on the left-hand side of your machine which controls the pressure of your presser foot. Turn it (some push up and down) just a tad in either direction and recheck with a scrap of fabric to see the results. Hope this helps! Jimmy
This has two parts; 1) pick up thread, and 2) needle hole direction.
1) To begin and pick up the bobbin thread, typically I start without any material under the arm. Begin with a tail of thread about 6" long pulled out from the bobbin, leave it loose. Then holding taunt, onto about 3" of the upper thread after it leaves the needle, I cycle the machine once. Then it should have captured the bobbin thread. Raise the pressure foot (with the needle 'UP') and slide something between that gap to pull out both threads (Upper and Lower), a ruler or your thread trimming scissors are handy for this. Pull the threads and you should see both upper and lower threads now, ready to sew. Apology for covering this basic item, but . . .
2) As you move into 'new' machines, sometimes the needle is no longer setup with the hole front to back. The gotcha is that on some (bigger) machine the hole goes side to side (yes the needle is rotated a 1/4 turn). As a rule of thumb, the thread goes through the needle and points right at the hook. Small machines may have the bobbin right 'behind' the needle. Larger machines often have the bobbin (and hook) beside (often to the right) of the needle. That means to install the needle with the hole going left and right, and the cutout groove pointed to the side with the hand-wheel.
Presser foot up, takeup lever at the top, thread on the top spool pin, take the thread to the left and over the top guide, straight down the right hand side of the tension and go round it making sure the thread goes between the discs, up the left hand side to the takeup lever, thread the takeup lever right to left, take the thread all the way down to the needle going through any guides on the way, thread the needle left to right, make sure the flat side of the needle is facing right.
http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Thread-a-Sewing-Machine/ check out this link.. it is described clearly with the help of images...
OR try to do by reading these steps..
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the handwheel toward you.
the presser foot. This will allow the thread to easily pass through the
threading points and will prevent the machine needle from becoming
unthreaded when you begin to stitch.
a spool of thread on the spool pin located at the top of your sewing
machine. If the spool pin runs horizontally, secure the spool of thread
with the cap provided.
hold of the thread end and pass it through the designated threading
points on the top of the machine casing, then down toward the tension
assembly. The tension assembly is located on the left side of the
machine and controls the flow of thread.
the thread under the tension assembly and back up through the next
threading point at the top left of the machine. Make sure the thread
has passed between two tension discs as well as the hook that may be
attached to the left side of the tension dial.
the thread end through the lever at the top left of the machine, if
applicable, and down through the threading points at bottom left and
above the needle.
Thread the needle from the front or back of the needle. The threading direction will depend on your machine type.
Pull a few inches of thread through the eye of the needle and pull the thread to your left.
a wound bobbin into the machine, if necessary, and close the throat
plate. A few inches of bobbin thread should be pulled out to the right
and sticking out from under the closed throat plate.
Take hold of the thread that has been threaded through the machine needle.
Rotate the hand wheel toward you until the needle disappears into the bobbin case.
holding on to the thread and move the hand wheel so the needle is once
again at its highest position. As the needle rises, a loop of bobbin
thread will come up as well.
Pull the thread out toward your left to draw the bobbin thread loop further out of the bobbin case.
Step 14 Let
the top thread go and pull the bobbin thread up until the end comes up.
Pull the top and bottom threads under the presser foot and to the back
and right of the machine.
From the reel pin take the thread to the left and over the top thread guide above the takeup lever, make sure the takeup lever is up and and make sure the presser foot is up, take the thread straight down and round the right hand side of the tension unit and back up the left hand side to the takeup lever, thread the takeup lever right to left and take the thread down any guides to the needle, if the bobbin case goes in the front thread the needle front to back, if the bobbin case goes in the side thread the needle left to right.
I hope I can explain this in an understandable way!
1. Pull the end of the thread from the spool to the left and "click" it into the little metal guide (on the top of the machine) that is at the back of the long **** in the top. It's easiest to do this by holding the thread tight between your two hands, placing it behind the guide, and pulling forward until it clicks in.
2. for the remaining steps, let the thrread slide between the fingers of your right hand, keeping a little tension on it, as you thread the machine with your left hand.
3. Bring the thread end forward, laying the thread into the ****, and continue downward, along the right side of the vertical silver bar/hook thingy.
4. Bring the thread under that bar from right to left, and go back up towards the top of the wide **** in the front of the machine. As you pull up, the thread will click into the lower bar/hook thingy.
5. Lay the thread along the right side of the wide ****, go over the top of the needle bar (the part that goes up and down in the ****) and bring it down the left side. It will click into the needle bar.
6. Bring the thread back down towards the presser foot. Right in front of the screw that holds the foot on, there is a hook that opens on the left side. Slide the thread behind this hook, and then thread the needle from front to back.
7. Hold onto the end of the thread and run the needle down and back up once. Pull on the thread, and it will pull up a loop of the bobbin thread. Stick the tip of your scissors or seam ripper into the loop and pull the end of the bobbin thread out.
8. Slide your top thread through the slot in the presser foot so it comes out from underneath the foot, and you're ready to go! (Be sure and hold onto both threads for the first few stitches when you start a seam, to keep if from jamming up inside.)