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Changing dryer plug

I'm switching the "pigtail" on my Amana dryer, from a 3 prong to a 4 prong...once I popped the back panel to get to the 3 wires, there were no color codes...sooo, to put my new 4 prong cord on I need to know which cord goes where.

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These two pictures illustrate the power wiring on a the terminal of an electric dryer. The one on top is the old-style three-wire configuration. Most people have this type in their homes. New code changes, though, require that dryers now have a four-wire cord, shown on the bottom.
Besides the number of wires in each cord, there are two important things to notice. First, in the four-wire configuration, notice that the dryer's grounding strap is folded back on itself. The whole point of the four-wire cord is to separate the ground from the neutral. The green wire (the "new" extra wire in the four-wire cord) is attached to the dryer cabinet. In the three-wire configuration, the grounding strap is left intact and the neutral and ground are tied together.


Sure hope this helps you find a resolution to your delimma! Best wishes.


changing dryer plug - 949d841.jpg67160d9.jpg

Posted on Oct 07, 2009

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My Gibson dryer has a three prong plug on it.I


The National Electrical Code began requiring 4-prong receptacles for 220-volt residential circuits in 2000, but it doesn't prohibit you from using your older dryer with a 3-prong cord. Instead, it allows you to change the cord so that the dryer can be plugged into a modern receptacle, and the procedure isn't very complicated. Four-prong dryer cords, or pigtails, are available at hardware and electrical supply stores, and usually cost less than $20. To make the switch, you'll need a green ground screw to attach to the dryer body so the machine can be grounded by the ground wire.

1 Unplug the dryer and move it to an accessible spot. Unscrew the plate on the back that covers the electrical terminal with a screwdriver. You'll find the cover on the back of the dryer near the bottom of the machine at the point where the cord exits.
2 Loosen the three terminal screws holding the cord. Before you remove them and take off the cord, note the colors of the screws and the wires attached to them. The screws holding the black and red wires are brass and the one holding the white wire is silver.
3 Remove the ground strap from the silver terminal. It may be a small metal plate or a length of wire connecting the terminal to the body of the dryer. You may be able to pull it out with pliers, or you may have to loosen a screw to remove it. Its function was to ground the dryer, and that function will now be served by the ground wire on the new pigtail.
4 Insert the brass terminal screws into the ring lugs attached to the red and black wires on a replacement pigtail and the silver screw into the ring lug on the white wire. Drive the screws into the same slots from which you removed them and tighten them securely with a screwdriver.
5 Drill a 1/4-inch hole in the body of the dryer within reach of the fourth wire in the pigtail, which is green. Insert a green ground screw through the ring lug on the end of that wire, drive the screw into the hole and tighten it securely.
6 Feed the cord through the notch on the terminal cover plate and screw the cover plate to the back of the dryer.

Things You Will Need
  • Screwdriver
  • Pliers
  • Drill
  • 1/4-inch drill bit
  • Ground screw
  • 4-prong pigtail

Tip
  • There usually isn't room behind the cover plate to install the ground screw. If not, it's acceptable to attach the screw to the back of the dryer outside the plate.
  • Check the grounding with a multimeter before you plug in the dryer. Set the meter to ohms, touch one lead to the dryer body and touch the other lead to the ground prong on the plug. The meter should show less than 10 ohms of resistance.
References

Sep 12, 2014 | Dryers

2 Answers

I have a 3 prung male plug, and a 4 prung female plug. Can I switch the 3 male plug to a 4 male plug?


Hi, and yes you can, its done all of the time. You want to change the plug on the wall, not the cord. That is the way it is done. Very simple. Turn off breaker to the 4- prong. Go to any hardware store such as home depot and get the 3 prong 220 volt female plug, both are the same volts, just made for different cords is all. The male is on the cord. On the 4 prong female plug thats on the wall, just loosen all 4 screws. 2- wires are hot, either black in color, a black with a piece of white tape on it is the neutral, and a bare ground which is much smaller. When installing the 3 prong female, you will use all 4 wire to. 2- hot, ! neutral, and a screw for the small bare ground. There will be a drawing on how to connect the wires with the new plug if you are not sure. Normally, there are 3 black wires, 2 hot , 1 neutral. Some times there may be 2 blacks and 1 red. A black and red will be hot.I am sure they will all be black. The plug is marked on it. It will have L-1, L-2, N, and Ground. When you remove the 4 prong female, it will be marked the same. Be sure the power is off! L-1 and L-2 are hot, and the 3rd is N or neutral. Then the small ground. Very, very, simple to change and to know which is which. The terminals on the plug are colored also. The 2 that are copper colored are for the hot wires. The brass or silver is the neutral. And you will see the ground screw. I hope I haven't confused you, it is very easy. Just when removing the wires to the old plug on the wall, which should be a 4-prong female, the 2 wires on the right and left side of the plug are going to be the 2 hot wires. The other large black is the neutral goes to top or bottom, its marked like I said with a N. and a small bare ground. Always change the plug on the wall to fit the dryer from 3 to 4, or 4 to 3. They are both 30 amp plugs, 220 volt. Very easy, you can do this!! Please rate me on my help to you.
Sincerely,
Shastalaker7

Jan 04, 2011 | Whirlpool LEB6300 Electric Dryer

1 Answer

I just bought a used amana dryer that is 1 year old. it has a 3 wire pigtail and i have a 4 wire plug in and need to change out the pigtail. need some direction on if possible to change it out or will i...


go to the local hardware store and buy the male plug for the female plug that you have in the wall just hook up the three plugh in place of the 4 wire plug. The 4 wire has a netural and a ground which is the same thing and two 110 hot wires that are 110 v each, hook up the copper colored wires to the copper colered wires and the one ground on silver. screw or white to silver wire. this is Ground you only need one ground and if the plug on the wall is three prong it is go to use a three wire plug the third wire is for a backup ground on new systems

Oct 04, 2009 | Amana NDE2330AY Electric Dryer

2 Answers

I was switching the electrical cord from a 3 prong to a 4 prong and grounded a hot wire. there was a big pop and now i cant get it to start. would i have blown it up?


WHy are you switching the cord from a 3 to a 4? If the dryer came with a 3 prong cord and its a 3 prong terminal block, then i dont think you can change it to a 4 becuase you will short circuit. DOes the terminal block where your cord was hooked up have 4 terminals. Each termial can only have one lead/wire to it. check your circiut breaker panel? Is the circiut breaker tripped?

Jul 29, 2009 | Maytag Atlantis MDE7400AY Electric Dryer

1 Answer

I have a 4 prong pigtail


Here is what I believe you have.

The 3 prong plug on your dryer is configured with 2 lines of power and 1 ground. The 4 prong receptical is 2 lines of power, 1 neutral, and 1 ground.
You will have to turn off the breaker to see how the receptical is wired by pulling it out and looking at it. You can then buy a 4 prong plug to match it and only wire up the 3 prongs you need for your dryer and leave the 4th prong empty.

Good Luck and hope this helps

Apr 18, 2009 | Speed Queen AES28AWF Electric Dryer

1 Answer

No heat-switched from 4 prong to 3 prong-Ground????


There should be a ground bonding ******** the Neutral (White) wire at the terminal block for 3-prong configuration. The following link explains:

http://www.fixya.com/support/r793520-3_prong_4_prong_power_cord_conversion

Read through the information, thoroughly. Instructions on how to convert from 4 to 3 prong are mentioned in the "Additional Notes" section. If you have questions, or require addtional assistance please let me know. I hope this helps you.

Jan 13, 2009 | Kenmore 67032 Dryer

1 Answer

I just purchased a new home and the pigtail of my Amana dryer is different than the electrical outlet and the dryer does not have a schematic to install a new 4 wire pigtail. Is there an adapter to change...


There are no adapters. But a dryer will accept a 3 prong or 4 prong cord. The extra green wire just needs to be connected to any screw on the dryer casing. Some newer dryers have a screw there for it..or u can just use the closest screw avalable......usually the screw for the cover works good.

Apr 20, 2008 | Dryers

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