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Re: Please Help me
You will want to make sure you have Auto selected for your shooting mode. If you have anything other than this selected the there are probably some settings like ISO or the light metering is set wrong so this will cause this to happen. If you could tell me what your shooting mode is and the setting, I can let you know better. Otherwise, ensure the Auto is selected and it will work for you.
If this is not the case, please send me the details about your shooting mode and it's settings and I'll help describe it better.
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It sounds like your camera is under exposing a little. If you can, shoot in "raw" mode, and adjust in the software the camera manufacturer provides. Other things you can do: adjust the white balance for the lighting, override the camera's exposure to get more light, use flash, etc.
When having bright lights on a dark background, you can have horizontal lines. That is supposed to be normal. but the camera should give good pictures in bright light. Try setting the camera in automatic. most of the time it is the green camera loge on the mail dial.
I assume there's a subject in the foreground you want illuminated with the flash?
The light output from the flash falls off with the square of the distance. An object twice as far from the camera only receives a quarter as much light. If you want your foreground subject illuminated then the background won't get much light. In order to get both the foreground and background illuminated the same, turn off the flash. This will probably require you to put the camera on a tripod or other stable support.
If the image results are dark, the problem must be inside the camera. If you changed the lens something fell inside it and is blocking the light to the camera. You should check your nearest Nikon store and get it fixed because if you try doing it yourself you could damage the sensor permanently and destroy your camera completley.
So, the problem doesn't seem to be the flash if the actual subject in
the foreground is exposed properly. My guess is that the background is
being lit by another light source. Typically, your camera uses a flash
for dark areas or what it gauges as a dark area. This doesn't adjust
the background for additional light sources. For example, if you're
standing outside and there's a tree covering someone that you're taking
a picture of your flash will adjust to "properly" light that
individual. However, because the flash was used for the main subject,
the background is actually now overexposed. The overexposed background
will show up as a brightly lit area because the camera had to adjust
for the foreground. This will actually reverse itself when it's dark
out - meaning if the background and foreground are dark, the flash will
expose the foreground, but the background will be black. Hopefully,
that helps you understand lighting and exposure. Now, to fix this
problem when shooting, you would need to consider several options - 1.
SLR camera with aperture and f-stop settings as well as compensation
controls. This will allow you to control every element of the exposure, but you still need to be aware of the lighting behind the "subject" to properly expose your shots. 2. backlighting compensation - common settings on both SLR and point and shoot cameras that makes auto lighting conversions for backlighting and other common lighting issues. Test whatever options are on your camera to see what works best for your specific problem. 3. Photoshop retouching - you may take one shot with your subject exposed properly and a second shot with the background then merge the images together. 4. using
a tripod to shoot without using the flash - this may give you the closest exposure to exactly what you see when looking at your subject.
learning to use light metering correctly can have its challenge. the manual will guide you on how to set up to read light from the subject. spot metering a dark area will cause general overexposure, or a washed out look. spot metering a bright area will cause a dark image. if you are on spot meter and shoot two people standing together against a bright lit background, your meter will see between them if they are centered, and read all that bright background, setting the camera to a less sensitive combination of aperture / shutter speed, resulting in a dark image. use field averaging meter setting and be sure you are metering the subject and not the background. try shooting a wall that is fairly clear of other colors and uniform it light hitting it, you should have a correctly exposed image. since it works in other modes (at least 1, anyway) then it is unlikely you have an exposure compensation issue. that is the only other non defect issue that would cause your problem. once you confirm that you have these settings correct and still get a dark image, its time to have it serviced. good luck mark