I started shooting raw images with my Nikon D40X. For a while it was working with raw software under Linux just fine (I use UFRaw), and I have a few viewers that can view raw pictures. Then suddenly all of my viewers and UFRaw stopped recognizing new pictures taken with the camera, my Ubuntu file viewer recognizes the files as text in file properties (while the older files are correctly recognized as Nikon images). Finally, neither Photoshop Camera Raw nor the DNG converter version, that supposedly support this model, recognize these files.
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The raw+fine setting indicates that your camera will take both raw (NEF) and high resolution JPEG pictures with every shot. You can change this to shoot just JPEG or just raw shots using your menu under the little camera icon. Click on image quality and it will give you multiple settings so you can choose only raw or only JPEG. You have three JPEG settings: fine, normal or basic.
I always shoot raw+fine which I think may be the default setting. I use the jpeg pictures for simple and quick editing and I use raw for detailed editing. JPEG pictures deteriorate quickly during editing while raw pictures can handle extensive editing without significant deterioration.
When you shoot raw+fine, it means the camera is actually storing two pictures of the same shot, one in each of the two formats. When you view the pictures in Windows, you can tell the difference between the raw shots and the jpeg shots because the raw shots have a broad black bar across the top and bottom of the picture while the jpeg shots fill the screen.
Slow down your shooting. The "R11" indicates
that you can take 11 more images before the buffer is full and the
camera will stop functioning until the images are moved to the memory
card. Select a smaller file size. Nikon cameras allow you to select from
several sizes of JPEG as well as a RAW and a RAW + JPEG file. These
files vary in size. If you select a smaller file size, the buffer will
take longer to fill, allowing you to shoot longerTurn off long exposure noise reduction. This function causes the camera
to expose twice for every image, and this can fill up the buffer quickly
as those images are processed and written to the card.
Select a smaller file size. Nikon cameras allow you to select
from several sizes of JPEG as well as a RAW and a RAW + JPEG file.
These files vary in size. If you select a smaller file size, the buffer
will take longer to fill, allowing you to shoot longer.
Turn off long exposure noise reduction. This function causes
the camera to expose twice for every image, and this can fill up the
buffer quickly as those images are processed and written to the card.
Overlaying pictures, like almost all photo manipulations, is better done on a computer using "real" software rather than on a camera. You get much more control on a computer. However, the D40 does have a wide repertoire of photo manipulation capabilities.
In order to overlay images, you must be shooting in RAW (or RAW+JPEG). Select Image Overlay from the Retouch menu. A preview dialog will be displayed with Image 1 highlighted. Press OK to get a photo selection dialog. Use left/right to highlight the first picture in the overlay. (You can press and hold the Zoom button to see the selected photo fullscreen.) Press OK to select the image. Optimize exposure for the image by pressing up/down. Press left/right to highlight Image 2. Select the second image the same way. Press left/right to highlight the Preview column. Overlay will show you the result, allowing you to go back and change things if you wish. Save will save the overlaid photo.
The shadow in the lower portion of your camera is probably caused by the lens hood. The solution is simple: remove the lens hood whenever you're using the built-in flash.