# Define a learning resource in tswana - Computers & Internet

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### The lamp no longer works on my Learning Resources LER2900 . It's less than months old. How can I get a replacement lamp?

Here is the contact info for Learning Resources:

http://www.learningresources.com/category/customer+service/product+or+order+questions.do

Contact them by phone; They may not replace the bulb, as it is a "consumable part", but you may be able to order a bulb, or get the bulb part # and purchase locally.

May 18, 2011 | Learning Resources Quantum Big Screen...

### How to be solve banker algorithm?example

I m providing you this from my college notes

Banker's Algorithm

* multiple instances of resource types IMPLIES cannot use resource-allocation graph

* banks do not allocate cash unless they can satisfy customer needs when a new process enters the system

* declare in advance maximum need for each resource type

* cannot exceed the total resources of that type

* later, processes make actual request for some resources

* if the the allocation leaves system in safe state grant the resources

* otherwise, suspend process until other processes release enough resources

Banker: Data Structures define MAXN 10 /* maximum number of processes */
#define MAXM 10 /* maximum number of resource types */
int Available[MAXM]; /* Available[j] = current # of unused resource j */
int Max[MAXN][MAXM]; /* Max[i][j] = max demand of i for resource j */
int Allocation[MAXN][MAXM]; /* Allocation[i][j] = i's current allocation of j*/
int Need[MAXN][MAXM]; /* Need[i][j] = i's potential for more j */
/* Need[i][j] = Max[i][j] - Allocation[i][j] */

Notation:

X <= Y iff X[i] <= Y[i] for all i

(0,3,2,1) is less than (1,7,3,2)

(1,7,3,2) is NOT less than (0,8,2,1)

Each row of Allocation and Need are vectors: Allocation_i and Need_i

Banker: Example

Initially:

Available
A B C
10 5 7

Later Snapshot:

Max - Allocation = Need Available
A B C A B C A B C A B C
P0 7 5 3 0 1 0 7 4 3 3 3 2
P1 3 2 2 2 0 0 1 2 2
P2 9 0 2 3 0 2 6 0 0
P3 2 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 1
P4 4 3 3 0 0 2 4 3 1

Banker: Safety Algorithm

* consider some sequence of processes

* if the first process has Need less than Available

* it can run until done

* then release all of its allocated resources

* allocation is increased for next process

* if the second process has Need less than Available

* ...

* then all of the processes will be able to run eventually

* IMPLIES system is in a safe state

Banker: Safety Algorithm

STEP 1: initialize
Work := Available;
for i = 1,2,...,n
Finish[i] = false
STEP 2: find i such that both
a. Finish[i] is false
b. Need_i <= Work
if no such i, goto STEP 4
STEP 3:
Work := Work + Allocation_i
Finish[i] = true
goto STEP 2
STEP 4:
if Finish[i] = true for all i, system is in safe state

Banker: Safety Example

Using the previous example, P1,P3,P4,P2,P0 satisfies criteria.

Max - Allocation = Need <= Work Available
A B C A B C A B C A B C
P1 3 2 2 2 0 0 1 2 2 3 3 2 3 3 2
P3 2 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 1 5 3 2
P4 4 3 3 0 0 2 4 3 1 7 4 3
P2 9 0 2 3 0 2 6 0 0 7 4 5
P0 7 5 3 0 1 0 7 4 3 10 4 7
10 5 7<<< initial system

Banker: Resource-Request Algorithm

STEP 0: P_i makes Request_i for resources, say (1,0,2)
STEP 1: if Request_i <= Need_i
goto STEP 2
else ERROR
STEP 2: if Request_i <= Available
goto STEP 3
else suspend P_i
STEP 3: pretend to allocate requested resources
Available := Available - Request_i
Allocation_i := Allocation_i + Request_i;
Need_i := Need_i - Request_i
STEP 4: if pretend state is SAFE
then do a real allocation and P_i proceeds
else
restore the original state and suspend P_i

Banker: Resource-Request Algorithm [129]

Say P1 requests (1,0,2)

Compare to Need_1: (1,0,2) <= (1,2,2)

Compare to Available: (1,0,2) <= (3 3 2)

Pretend to allocate resources:

Max - Allocation = Need Available
A B C A B C A B C A B C
P0 7 5 3 0 1 0 7 4 3 2 3 0<<<
P1 3 2 2 3 0 2<<< 0 2 0<<<
P2 9 0 2 3 0 2 6 0 0
P3 2 2 2 2 1 1 0 1 1
P4 4 3 3 0 0 2 4 3 1

Is this safe? Yes: P1, P3, P4, P0, P2

Can P4 get (3,3,0)? No, (3,3,0) > (2,3,0) Available

Can P0 get (0,2,0)? (0,2,0) < (2,3,0) Available

Pretend: Available goes to (2,1,0)

Thanks And Regards

May 13, 2009 | Microsoft Windows XP Professional

URL stands for Universal Resource Locator. The terms web address or link are refer to a URL. A URL consists of several parts including the protocol to use (http://, ftp://, etc), the server (normally set to default to 'www' if nothing is specified), the domain (i.e., fixya.com), the port to use (optional), the location of the resource, the resource itself, and optional parameters to be passed to the resource.

Apr 12, 2009 | Lenovo 3000 N100 0768 - Pentium Dual Core...

### Variables not appearing in differentiation and integration

Probably a value stored in the "x" variable (guessing x=1)
try the following, type or look for the "Define" function: Define X=X and see what happens, also try Cleaning the variables "F6>cleanup, etc" as a last resource do factory reset, but first archive your important files (not very recomended as some of them may contain the variable's value and just not solve this)

Aug 10, 2008 | Texas Instruments TI-89 Calculator

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