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How to thread a Universal model #302L - Sewing Machines

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I need help in good tension for rolled hem in empisal 606D overlocker

Your owner's manual should have instructions for rolled hem settings. My Bernina manual has a the following settings:
Medium weight fabric
80/12 Universal needle
3 cones serger thread
Upper looper 3-5
Lower looper 7-9
Left needle (no thread)
Right needle 3-5
Stitch length 1-1.5
Cutting width 2-3
Differential feed N

Can use woolly thread in the upper looper, but the tension may need to be loosened since the woolly nylon thread will stretch.

Make It Handmade Threading Your Serger or Overlocker


Dec 19, 2015 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Skipping stitches

You don't mention changing needles to match the thread. There is NO SUCH thing as a universal needle. If you need lighter thread, you need a lighter needle. Start there...

Mar 19, 2013 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

I have a brother ls-2125 sewing machine. the upper thread is not catching the bobbin thread properly. help please

  1. Tension
    • Your sewing machine tension controls the rate at which the thread is fed through either the upper section of your machine or through the bobbin case. If your upper or bobbin threads aren't threading properly, sometimes adjusting the tension will correct this problem.
    • Your sewing machine works by passing the upper thread through the needle of the sewing machine at precisely the same time the bobbin brings its thread to its uppermost position. If either the needle or the bobbin thread reach these positions too soon or too late, the threads won't interact and create the knots that make the seam. You can throw off your timing by sewing too many layers of fabric or hitting a pin with your needle. See you sewing machine repair facility to correct any timing issues.
    • Thread can get snagged or caught in the upper section of your machine or on lint pieces in the lower bobbin section. If your threads aren't catching properly, you may be able to fix it by unthreading and rethreading both your upper thread and bobbin threads.

Oct 15, 2011 | Brother LS-2125 Mechanical Sewing Machine

1 Answer

I have a bernina 210 model sewing machine. I'm

#1 Use only Mettler or Gutermann thread. Coats thread is very rough and will pucker the fabric. #2 Make sure that the tensions are balanced. #3 Use the regular zig zag foot. #4 Use a new needle, universal, size 80/12. A blunted point will pucker the fabric.

Jun 02, 2011 | Bernina Activa 140

1 Answer

My Kenmore stopped making stitches. I changed the needle recently to a Singer Universal regular point needles 100/16, but I dont believe that is different than what was in there before. I have a Model...

Why are you using #16 needle, that is very heavy duty? Did your machine pick up the bobbin thread correctly? Try a different needle, #11, (inserted facing away from you) is usually good. Make sure that you have decent thread and that it is the same weight top and bottom. Now rethread, with the presser foot up and when you have that done, with the presser foot stiil up, pull top & bottom thread, it should feed smoothly, now with the presser foot down, pull the thread, it should barely move. This usually seats the thread in the tension discs. Put your top tension at 3 and see if that makes a difference.

Jan 19, 2011 | Kenmore Sewing Machines

1 Answer

I need to know how to set the tension. I need to know how to thread the bobbin. I need to know if the needle makes a difference. My stitches are loose and sloppy. They should be interlocking between...

Would be helpful to know what model machine you have.
A new machine should not need tension adjustment, so guessing it is not being threaded correctly. There should be adequate instruction on how to do this and how to wind a bobbin in the manual.
The main thing is you need to have the presser foot UP when you thread the top thread. This opens the tension discs so the thread will go between the discs and be put under tension once the presser foot goes down before you sew. When you thread the bobbin, be sure it is unspooling in the correct direction and that it clicks into its tension slot. A Universal 80 needle will do for 95% of what you sew, exceptions being very lightweight fabric, knitted fabrics, or very heavyweight fabric.
Write a reply back to Fixya if this does not help you, but include more detail on just exactly which machine you have.

Jan 13, 2011 | Husqvarna Viking 1

1 Answer

I seem to be threading the spool correctly, yet the needle doesn't pick up the thread.

You haven't stated the exact model, but the principle for picking up the spool thread is pretty universal.

After loading the spool into the bobbin case and correctly threading the spool, pull the thread up through the sliding cover plate to lie on the machine bed and mostly close the cover.

Lift the presser foot, thread the needle and then advance the balance wheel slowly so that the needle goes down and then returns up. If the machine is correctly threaded, correctly adjusted , has an unbent needle and the needle is appropriate to the thread size, then it should pick up the bobbin thread. Just pull on the loose end of the needle thread and the loop with the bobbin thread should come up through the needle hole. Pull both threads to the right from where they have just emerged, allowing the loose end of the bobbin thread to disappear beneath the cover plate before re-emerging through the needle hole. Close the cover fully, lower the foot onto the work and start sewing.

If the above fails, then check that the spool is loaded the correct way around into the bobbin. It makes no difference to many models, but does to some. If you don't have the instruction book then just try both ways. It also helps to ensure that the machine is correctly maintained with no build ups of lint and correctly oiled with sewing machine oil. This is a light oil grade but has additives to ensure that it sticks where it's needed, "3-in-1" brand oil can be used but may need to be applied more frequently and the machine will need cleaning more often.

If the pick up still doesn't work, then your machine needs to go for repair as it either has a damaged bobbin or a screw has come loose in the mechanism causing the machine to lose timing. For older Singer models, all of the timing and servicing information is available free on the web. Just enter your model number followed by "manual" or "service".

Good luck, please add a comment if any of my answer has puzzled you, but otherwise I'd appreciate it if you would take a moment to rate my reply.

Sep 17, 2010 | Singer Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Does the singer model 3820 take a special bobbin? I cannot get it to feed the thread up to the needle.

It takes a singer or universal bobbin with a flat top - not one of the plastic ones that has a curve to the top.

Jul 11, 2010 | Singer 3820 Mechanical Sewing Machine

1 Answer

I need a manuel for an Elna 411 serger

I could not find a manual for this model, but did find a fairly universal guide at Singer -

A very good book for sergers from threading to maintenance is Nancy Zieman's Serge With Confidence.

Raise the antenna to it's highest position.

Raise the presser foot and set the tensions (if not auto tension) to zero.

Thread in the order indicated in the download or on the front of the serger/inside serger door.

Mar 19, 2010 | Elna Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Thread breaking on Simplicity Denim Star

Hi, when your thread breaks or frays right before in goes through the eye of the needle:
  1. Change your needle - after awhile, the eye can wear down and cause your thread to break or fray, eventhough it looks like the thread isn't even going through the needle. When you change your needle, make sure to install a needle that is compatible with the thread you are using (see below).
  2. If your thread still frays or breaks, make sure you've threaded your machine correctly. Most machines have a hook or bar right above the needle that your thread need to pass thru before you put the thread thru the eye of your needle. Sometimes that spot above the needle is really hard to get to, and sometimes the thread slips out. Always a good idea to double check. If you are still having problems, the needle you are using is probably the wrong size.
There are lots of needles on the market, and lots of threads. You need to make sure your needle is compatible with the thread you use for each project.

The most common needles are size 80 and 90 universal needles, which are fine for most sewing projects. But if you are using a specialty thread, you need to use a needle that is designed to work with that particular thread. For example, top stitching needles have a larger eye than a universal needle, because top stitching thread is thicker than sewing thread. The same is true for metallic thread - needles made for metallic thread an eye designed to allow the thread to pass thru without fraying. Further, if you using fine thread, you need a small needle.

FYI - unfortunately, thread sizes do not correspond directly with needle sizes. Small needle numbers indicate a needle with a small eye. But the smaller the thread size, the larger the thread. For example, size 50 thread is very fine and would usually be used with a size 70 needle. Size 30 thread is fairly thick and would probably be used with a size 90 top stitch needle.

Hope this helps, and remember, you should always change your needle after about 10 hours of sewing, no matter what size needle you are using. If you have more questions, please post again. Thanks, Ginny

Dec 16, 2008 | Simplicity American Denim SA1100...

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