Question about Sewing Machines

Open Question

How do I do a decrease in ssk or ssp when the two stitches to slip are not the same----1stitch is a purl stitch and the other stitch is a knit stitch? Nothing looks right. Same problem with k2tog.

Posted by on


6 Suggested Answers

  • 2 Answers

SOURCE: I have freestanding Series 8 dishwasher. Lately during the filling cycle water hammer is occurring. How can this be resolved

A 6ya expert can help you resolve that issue over the phone in a minute or two.
Best thing about this new service is that you are never placed on hold and get to talk to real repairmen in the US.
The service is completely free and covers almost anything you can think of (from cars to computers, handyman, and even drones).
click here to download the app (for users in the US for now) and get all the help you need.
Good luck!

Posted on Jan 02, 2017

  • 310 Answers

SOURCE: loose stitches every 1

test it out on 2 pieces of material by rotating the wheele by hand. pay close attention to the 1" area. when you turn it by hand you can feel the area of question. is your bobbin spooled correctly. if all fails read the directions.

Posted on Jan 16, 2008



my top thread is pulling thru to the underside..looks like little birds feet tracks on the back of the

Posted on Aug 09, 2008

  • 22 Answers

SOURCE: Top stitch looks good, bottom stitch is loopy

this is a common problem, don't worry it's easy to fix.  take the spool of thread off, remove the bobbin.  look for any stray thread pieces in or around the bobbin case, rethread the top of the machine and when you do, follow the threading guide precisely and ---here's the trick---make certain that the thread goes between the tension discs.

Posted on Jan 17, 2009

sew dutch
  • 25 Answers

SOURCE: Juki HZL-E61: cannot get tension right on straight stitch

Loops on the bottom of the fabric direct the problem to the top thread. Rethread again and make sure the thread goes through the tension discs. Lift the foot, because this is what opens the discs. When sewing and the foot is down, the discs should be closed and thus giving the upper thread the tension it needs.

Posted on May 25, 2009

  • 1388 Answers

SOURCE: My problem is the stitch on the top is loose.

Lint or thread caught in the Bobbin Case spring......check all about tension here below. Please TRY the solution BEFORE giving your considered rating.
Specific detail on bobbin case adjustment (with picture) near halfway down reply, the remainder will help you achieve a balance of top and bottom tensions.

Ensure that all is clean and free of lint and jams, this is the most likely for tension troubleshooting .......

This solution is for tension problems...if you cannot form any sort of stitch, the issue is quite different, so please let me know if you need a different problem solved.....

It is quite long, but just work through each section in order.

The "knotting up" can reveal a lot. If you have loose threads on one side or the other, the tension on the opposite side will be the culprit.

Ensure sharp new needle,
Thread guides and Bobbin are Clean & Clear of lint
Set Top Tesion to 4 ....then....
Balance Bobbin to suit.

If the looping threads are on the underside as you sew, it is the top tension. Top tension ought to be between 4 & 6 (this variation to allow for the different weights of fabric in your projects).

If you are using a needle that has seen quite a deal of work, or you suspect it may be blunt, change it for a new one !

Make sure that when you thread the machine the presser foot is up so the thread goes between the discs and not to one side, top tension between 4 and 6, and that you have threaded through all the guides, including the last one, usually on the needle arm, just above the needle clamp.

It may be there is lint trapped between the discs, this will keep them slightly apart and reduce the actual tension, sometimes dramatically.

If tensions appear correct, and the thread is definitely in the channel between the discs, but still too loose and looping, try raising presser foot and remove your thread.

Now, with a 2" (50mm) wide strip piece of fabric 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) moistened with methylated or denatured spirit, gently insert the fabric strip and clean between the discs with a see saw / to and fro action.

In the worst cases, gentle use of a needle to pick & remove the jam may be necessary, but be very gentle and make sure the tension is set at Zero and the presser foot is raised, (to disengage tension plates).... do not gouge or score the plates, they need a polished surface to work correctly.

Far less common, but if the loose threads are on the top, it is bobbin tension that is loose, it too may have lint in the spring and be giving a "false" tension.

I would not recommend fiddling with bobbin tension without good reason, it may end up with missing small screws and spring pieces, however, you can take the needle plate off to clean
the hook race area (where bobbin case sits)

...this is just good housekeeping, my wife does this every time she replaces the bobbin....

just take it out and clean the bobbin case and the fixed metal hook race with a small brush to remove lint. If there is a significant amount of lint, use a vacuum and small brush to get the worst.

Then wipe all this area with a cloth or cotton bud (Q tip) moistened (not soaked) with methylated spirit, especially if there appears to be fine dirty deposits....oil and lint combine to conspire against you.

If it seems likely that you ......really .....actually .....need adjust the bobbin case, first check there is no lint trapped in the metal spring where the thread is tensioned.

Drop-in Bobbin case will look similar to this image with the tension screw in the middle of the metalwork....

4c76dc1.jpg ...the other screw at one end is holding it all together, so is not a tragedy to undo the whole lot and clean it, but very gingerly and lay the bits out in sequence and orientation, or you risk tearing your hair out !

....this is a bobbin case from a front loading machine and works in a very similar fashion to the top loader with drop in bobbin, again, if you dismantle it, take care so you can put it all
back properly.
165ca5c.jpg FINISHING UP
When you are certain there's no trapped lint in top tension or bobbin, set the top tension to 4 and the bobbin tension to a point where you just begin to feel resistance.

Try using good quality thread of contrasting colours so you can more easily spot the changes.

Set your zigzag to one width less than maximum (eg. 5 of 6 ...or... 4 of 5 etc) and sew a sample for a few inches and check the result.... adjust the bobbin tension screw very little at
a time, perhaps 1/16 of a turn.

You may find you are playing with this balance for some little while and if you are putting the needleplate on and off each time begin to think it cannot be correct to do is,
and eventually, you do get a "feel" for the correct tension and then it happens quite a user you won't be doing it very often unless there is lint built up (or are there small hands at work around the house !?!?!)

If you live near the ocean as we do, salt air can play havoc with metalwork inside and out, so to help minimise this, keep a few small packets of dessicant (silica gel) in your machine case ? then make some sort of cover !

Same applies in any damp or humid environment, keep your machine dry and dust free.

Budget for a proper full service every couple of years (more often if heavily used) and if you don't use your machine for a few years, be aware that old oil will dry out and combining with
dust and form a "clag" like glue (another reason for some sort of cover, even a teatowel !)

If it is worth spending the time, energy and money on making something that you would like to give lasting enjoyment......use quality thread, may seem to cost a little more at the
time, but the results, ease of use and added longevity will be worth the extra, and as a bonus, your tension troubles may be fewer and further between, because there is a more consistent diameter with good thread, and less compensating to be done by your tension plates and less thread breaks

Posted on Aug 02, 2009

Add Your Answer

Uploading: 0%


Complete. Click "Add" to insert your video. Add



Related Questions:

1 Answer

Knitting: if I'm slipping the first stitch of each row purl wise, with the yarn in front, should I also slip the first stitch when I bind off?

If you are binding off on a purl row (or at least stitch 2 in the row is a purl), then yes, you should slip the first stitch of the bind off row.
If, however, the bind off row is a knit row (or a least the second stitch in the row is a knit) I would knit the first stitch.
A lot depends on the pattern being worked. Personally, I would try it both ways and see which way looks best with the pattern.

Dec 23, 2017 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Please show the knitting term ssk with illustrations?

can't give you illustrations but. SSK means slip stitch knit. Which means slip the next stitch onto the needle as though you will knit it then knit the next stitch instead keeping the slipped stitch on the needle and go ahead and finish the row.

Aug 29, 2017 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

How to knit this, K2. K2tog, yfwdtwice. Sl1.K1.PSSO. K19

knit 2 stiches., knit 2 stitches together, bring yarn forward then over the needle and stitch like this twice, slip 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch, then pass the slipped stitch over the knitted stitch. Knit 19 stitches

Apr 27, 2017 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

What do yon and yfrn mean in a knitting pattern?

yon is usually Yarn On (or over) Needle. This is a yarn over between a purl and a knit stitch. (After the purl stitch, keep the working yarn in front of the needle. Then place the right needle into the next stitch so that the right needle is behind the left needle in the stitch. Wind the yarn around the needle and pull the loop through.)

yfrn is a Yarn foward and round the needle. This is a similar yarn over to the yon but is a little larger. The difference is that the yarn over is done after a knit stitch and before a purl stitch. After the knit stitch, bring the yarn in front of the needle. Wrap the yarn anti-clockwise around the right needle so that the yarn is again at the front of the work. Place the right needle in the front of the next stitch on the left needle. Then do a normal purl stitch.

You can see some videos and still photos here: .

I hope this helps.

Cindy Wells

Oct 22, 2016 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

How to increase a knitting pattern Gingersnap

Usually increasing stitches is accomplished by knitting (or purling) twice in the same stitch.

How to Increase and Decrease Knitting Stitches For Dummies

Decreasing is accomplished by knitting (or purling) two stitches together.


Jul 14, 2016 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

What does ssk mean in knitting and do you have a list of different meanings for kniting

Slip slip knit or SSK is a basic way to decrease stitches. It makes a decrease that slants to the left and is often paired with knit two together, which is a right-slanting decrease.

To execute this decrease, slip the first stitch as if to knit, slip the second stitch as if to knit, then slide the left-hand needle into the front part of both stitches and knit them together.

Oct 21, 2014 | Sewing Machines

Not finding what you are looking for?
Sewing Machines Logo

Related Topics:

21 people viewed this question

Ask a Question

Usually answered in minutes!

Top Sewing Machines Experts

Tally Girl
Tally Girl

Level 3 Expert

1133 Answers

Chris Wetmore

Level 2 Expert

185 Answers


Level 3 Expert

77939 Answers

Are you a Sewing Machine Expert? Answer questions, earn points and help others

Answer questions

Manuals & User Guides