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Stitches too small

Not new to sewing, have tried all stitches and can not seem to get a fair size stitch, all really small

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  • Sewing Machines Master
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If it's an older mechanical machine, there's a good chance the oil has dried (turned to brown glue gunk) and is binding the moving parts of the machine. Even the selectors and dials can be affected. Mechanical machines do need thorough cleaning and oiling with a good quality oil (NO WD-40, cooking oil, old-stinky sewing machine oil).

Wheel on right side that controls the needle up and down is very tight...

...

Posted on Dec 19, 2016

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TIP: A general rule of thumb is that if the stitch looks bad on the top it is the bottom tension.
If the stitch looks bad on the bottom it is the upper tension. The upper and lower threads play
tug of war with each other.
Tension
You need correct tension on the top and bottom threads, but you must also have correct tension on
the quilt held between the rails. You should have a small amount of "sag" in your fabric. This allows
enough movement of your quilt layers for the needle to penetrate and make good stitches.
Before you start making adjustments to your machine ask yourself, "What changed?" If your machine
was stitching great and all of a sudden it has loopies on the back or puckers, "What changed?" Did
you just change the bobbin? Did you just lift the take up rail? Did you lower the take up rail after
finishing your last quilt? Did you recently change the needle? Did you just roll the quilt?
If the take up rail with the quilted portion of your quilt is too high, it will result in poor stitch quality. You
need a finger tip space between the quilt and the machine bed. Higher will result in poor stitch
quality, too low and the quilt will create a drag on your machine's movement.
Look at your bobbin, a sloppy wound bobbin will not create a good stitch. Make sure that the threads
on the bobbin are snug and evenly wound. Check to see if there is a piece of lint in the bobbin case

Posted on Dec 19, 2016

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