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My thread keeps fraying And my stitch platt is fine

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  • Sewing Machines Master
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Is it fraying at the needle? AVOID using old or bargain bin thread. Could be the needle eye. It may have a burr/nick or the thread is too heavy for the needle eye. If you are sewing coarse fabric, try a needle with a larger scarf that will help protect the thread from shredding.

All About Needles

Schmetz Needles Needle Guide

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Posted on Dec 11, 2016

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1 Answer

My top thread keeps breaking? what am I doing wrong?


Top thread? Mis-threaded, wrapped around a thread guide or the spool pin, top tension too tight. If the thread is fraying/shredding, possibly a damaged or incorrect needle, a burr or sharp edge catching the thread, or old/bargain bin thread.

Suggest removing the thread completely from the machine.
Install a brand new needle (needs to be compatible with the thread and fabric being stitched).
All About Needles SCHMETZ Needles
ALWAYS RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning.
Verify the thread path is correct.
Set the top tension to the midway point and retest the machine.
Tweak the top tension so the top and bobbin threads meet in the middle of the fabric.

AVOID old or bargain bin thread. You may also try a different brand of thread. Some machines work better with one brand than another. If you can see little fuzzies projecting from the thread, get rid of it. All those fuzzies contribute to lint build-up in your machine and is not the best type of thread to use.

Why is my thread breaking

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Mar 20, 2018 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Back of fabric is all balled with thread


Remove the top thread from the machine.
ALWAYS RAISE the presser foot and rethread the top thread.
Test straight stitch.

For fraying thread, there is either a burr somewhere in the thread path or the needle is not correct for the thread. Sometimes the needle eye is too small for the thread and causes the thread to shred. Changing the type of needle (an embroidery needle, top stitch...) may help. Certain brand name threads work better or worse on certain machines. You might try changing thread brands. Avoid old or bargain bin threads.

All About Needles SCHMETZ Needles

Sewing Machine Needle Troubleshooting Guide SCHMETZ Needles

Feb 03, 2018 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

The top threat keep on breaking


Possible causes:
  • Needle eye too small for thread used - then thread frays and breaks
  • Cheap thread used that easily frays - esp. when thread has unequal thickness
  • Needle eye too sharp
  • Component of the thread guide is not smoothly guiding the thread or is sharp
  • Upper thread tension (far) too large

Jan 18, 2018 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Juki Lu-562 breaking, fraying thread. The tread will fray and eventually break a lot. Is there anything else besides a different size needle or burrs on the foot plate for foot feed?


Be sure that you are using only fresh, good quality thread. Old or bargain bin thread will fray easily. Does the thread have little hairs (fibers) sticking out? If so, get rid of it. Try a different type of thread, ie polyester thread. (FWIW, Coats & Clark used by a stand-by, but it is a lesser-quality thread these days.) Be sure to use the same thread in the bobbin--polyester thread will tend to cut cotton. Try flipping the thread spool over so it feeds off in the opposite direction. Make sure the machine's bobbin area is clean of any lint or debris. The tension may be too tight. The thread may be mis-threaded or the thread is restricted somewhere, ie wrapped around a thread guide or the spool pin. Be sure the thread is running through the thread guide immediately above the needle. Remove the thread and rethread from the beginning. You might try a different type of needle, ie top-stitch needle. Top-stitch needles have a larger scarf that will protect the thread as it pierces the fabric multiple times before forming a stitch. A Top-stitch or Metafil needle has a larger eye to accommodate bigger thread. Are you sewing unusually coarse fabric? It is abrasive and could be causing the excessive fraying.

If the fraying continues, there may still be a burr somewhere.

Fraying Breaking Madeira

What Causes My Thread to Shred

All About Needles

Mar 13, 2017 | Juki Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Machine. Skips stitches and the thread breaks in the top tension.


First, install a brand new needle. Confirm that you are using the correct needle for the thread and fabric being stitched, ie the needle eye could be too small for the thread, the fabric is coarse or sticky causing the thread to wear/fray causing breakage, the needle is blunt or bent, a ball point needle is being used on woven fabric or vice versa...
All About Needles

Second, remove the thread from the machine. Always RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning--make sure the correct thread pathway is followed (consult the manual).

Verify that the tension is not set too tight. The tension is correct when both upper and bobbin threads meet in the middle of the fabric without any puckering of the fabric.

Use good quality thread--avoid old or bargain bin variety. And, use the same thread for the upper and bobbin. Some thread brands may work better than others in your machine. You may need to experiment to find ones that work best.

What to Do If Your Sewing Machine Is Skipping Stitches

Basic Maintenance Tension Skipped Stitches

10 reasons for skipped stitches

There is also the possibility that there is a nick or burr somewhere that is catching the thread. You can wrap your index finger with old hosiery (or similar fine fabric) and rub around the thread path, in the bobbin/hook area, needle plate, etc. A small burr can be smoothed with a fine emery board. A big burr may require replacement of the part or service by a technician.


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Apr 23, 2016 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

Why does upper thread break when I try to sew zig zag stitch?


Your tension sounds too tight, try lowering it on the upper thread. Or you may be using a cheap thread which frays easily and frays in the needle. Try using a longer zigzag to see if that works. Is straight stitch smooth?

Nov 02, 2015 | Brother Ls-2125i 10-stitch Portable Free...

1 Answer

My juki 8700 h frays thread while trying to sew


Hello Daniel, I suggest you start with a new needle. Back off the needle thread tension and the bobbin thread tension to a minimum and see how it sews. If it does not ravel the thread, you can increase the tensions until you acquire the stitch you want.

Mar 26, 2014 | Juki DDL-8700 Industrial Straight Stitch...

1 Answer

My Thread is shreading and breaking off at the needle site


Change your needle, and try a different type of thread. You may also need to use a larger needle size to allow for the type of thread you're using.

Jan 29, 2014 | Consew 206RB

2 Answers

Top thread keeps fraying and shredding


indicates the needle hook timing is off and the hook is penetrating the thread instead of picking it up cleanly
make sure that the needle is in correctly with the thread groove facing the right way

Jan 23, 2018 | Singer Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Thread breaking on Simplicity Denim Star


Hi, when your thread breaks or frays right before in goes through the eye of the needle:
  1. Change your needle - after awhile, the eye can wear down and cause your thread to break or fray, eventhough it looks like the thread isn't even going through the needle. When you change your needle, make sure to install a needle that is compatible with the thread you are using (see below).
  2. If your thread still frays or breaks, make sure you've threaded your machine correctly. Most machines have a hook or bar right above the needle that your thread need to pass thru before you put the thread thru the eye of your needle. Sometimes that spot above the needle is really hard to get to, and sometimes the thread slips out. Always a good idea to double check. If you are still having problems, the needle you are using is probably the wrong size.
There are lots of needles on the market, and lots of threads. You need to make sure your needle is compatible with the thread you use for each project.

The most common needles are size 80 and 90 universal needles, which are fine for most sewing projects. But if you are using a specialty thread, you need to use a needle that is designed to work with that particular thread. For example, top stitching needles have a larger eye than a universal needle, because top stitching thread is thicker than sewing thread. The same is true for metallic thread - needles made for metallic thread an eye designed to allow the thread to pass thru without fraying. Further, if you using fine thread, you need a small needle.

FYI - unfortunately, thread sizes do not correspond directly with needle sizes. Small needle numbers indicate a needle with a small eye. But the smaller the thread size, the larger the thread. For example, size 50 thread is very fine and would usually be used with a size 70 needle. Size 30 thread is fairly thick and would probably be used with a size 90 top stitch needle.

Hope this helps, and remember, you should always change your needle after about 10 hours of sewing, no matter what size needle you are using. If you have more questions, please post again. Thanks, Ginny

Dec 16, 2008 | Simplicity American Denim SA1100...

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