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What had you been doing to the engine before all this happened? Did it involve removing or changing the distributor? When the #1 piston is at top dead center, it can be on its compression stroke or at the end of its exhaust stroke. Back the engine off from the #1 TDC position, remove the #1 plug, and rotate back toward TDC with your finger over the plug hole. If you feel compression, then the distributor should be coming towards #1. If you don't feel compression, rotate the crankshaft another 360 degrees, then set your distributor to #1.
I don't know of any factory marks. You have to put the #1 cylinder at TDC of the compression stroke, then drop in the dist. so the rotor points to the #1 spark plug tower on the dist. cap. The rotor will turn slightly as the dist. shaft slides down, so you need to start the dist. with the rotor turned slightly back. When it drops down, the rotor will be pointing directly to the #1 plug wire tower. Repeat until you have it right. Then it will start, and after warmed up, set the timing with a timing light.
TDC (Top Dead Center) of compression stroke: there are two TDC's for each cylinder, the compression TDC, and the exhaust TDC. To find the compression stroke, pull out the #1 spark plug. With your finger over the plug hole to feel pressure, turn the crankshaft over clockwise with a ratchet and socket on the crankshaft pulley. As the piston rises on compression stroke, you will feel pressure on your finger (there is no pressure build-up on the exhaust stroke). As soon as you feel pressure, now just turn the crankshaft further till the piston is at TDC. You can use a straw or pencil in the hole to find the top, or just look at the pointer scale by the crank pulley. The mark or notch on the pulley will be at 0 degrees on the pointer scale, TDC of compression stroke-now drop in the distributor.
I would suggest to get a propane torch and turn on with out lighting it (flame less) Place in intake port to manifold crank and see if starts. this will let you know if injectors are cycling or not. This engine has Three sensors that keep the engine running crank,TDC,cam. The TDC and CAM are in the distributor and crank is behind timing belt cover.
You have to retime it. You put number one cylinder at top dead center (TDC) of compression stroke, then drop in the distributor so the rotor is pointing to number one tower on the distributor cap. To find TDC of compression stroke, remove number one spark plug. Use a socket and ratchet on the crank pulley and turn clockwise. Keep a finger over the number one spark plug hole. When turning the crankshaft and you feel pressure against your finger, the number one piston is rising on the compression stroke. Now use the ratchet and turn the crankshaft on around until the crank pulley notch lines up with the zero mark on the pointer scale. Piston will now be at TDC. You can now drop in the distributor. When seated, the rotor must be pointing to the number one cylinder on the dist. cap tower. Dist. shaft will turn as it is seating-if you get it wrong, pull up distributor and reposition the shaft until it drops down into the exact right position. When done, start the engine and use timing light to set the timing to specs.
Hi, the procedure is pasted below. Ignore the timing marks and just verify you are at TDC of the compression stroke on the #1 piston. You can tell compression versus exhaust stroke by plugging the spark plug hole with your thumb while turning the crankshaft (there will be no pressure on the exhaust stroke). Please let me know if you have more questions, and thanks for using FixYa.
Remove the No. 1 cylinder spark plug. Turn the engine using a
socket wrench on the large bolt on the front of the crankshaft pulley.
Place a finger near the No. 1 spark plug hole and turn the crankshaft
until the piston reaches Top Dead Center (TDC). As the engine approaches
TDC, you will feel air being expelled by the No. 1 cylinder. If the
position is not being met, turn the engine another full turn (360
degree). Once the engine position is correct, install the spark plug.
Align the cast arrow in the distributor housing, the driven gear
roll pin and the pre-drilled indent hole in the distributor driven gear.
If the driven gear is installed correctly, the dimple will be
approximately 180° opposite the rotor segment when it is installed in
Installing the distributor 180° out of alignment, or locating the
rotor in the wrong holes, may cause a no start condition or can cause
premature engine damage and wear.
Make sure the rotor is pointing to the cap hold-down mount nearest the flat side of the housing.
Using a long screwdriver, align the oil pump drive shaft in the engine in the mating drive tab in the distributor.
Install the distributor in the engine. Make sure the spark plug towers are perpendicular to the centerline of the engine.
When the distributor is fully seated, the rotor segment should be
aligned with the pointer cast in the distributor base. The pointer will
have a -6'' cast into it indicating a 6 cylinder engine. If the rotor
segment is not within a few degrees of the pointer, the distributor gear
may be off a tooth or more. If this is the case repeat the process
until the rotor aligns with the pointer.
Install the cap and fasten the mounting screws.
Tighten the distributor mounting bolt to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
Engage the electrical connections and the spark plug wires.
Are you sure you got the dustributor in the right tooth? Check timing using procedure at link below. Or, maybe you got a bad rebuilt. Here are some tests to check it out:
See Figures 6 and 7
Check for spark at each spark plug with a spark tester. Check at least 2 plug wires.
If spark is only detected at some plugs, check for a faulty distributor cap or rotor. Also check the spark plugs and plug wires. Replace, if necessary.
Measure the resistance of the distributor connector C1 when cold, between terminals 3 and 6, using a digital voltmeter. If the camshaft position (CMP) sensor resistance is not between 185-275 ohms, replace the distributor housing.
Measure the resistance of the distributor connector C1 when cold, between terminals 2 and 5, using a digital voltmeter. If the camshaft position (CMP) sensor resistance is not between 370-550 ohms, replace the distributor housing.
Measure the resistance of the distributor connector C1 when hot, between terminals 3 and 6, using a digital voltmeter. If the camshaft position (CMP) sensor resistance is not between 240-325 ohms, replace the distributor housing.
Measure the resistance of the distributor connector C1 when hot, between terminals 2 and 5, using a digital voltmeter. If the camshaft position (CMP) sensor resistance is not between 475-650 ohms, replace the distributor housing.
Measure the air gap between the signal rotor and the camshaft position (CMP) sensor. If the air gap is not 0.008-0.016 inch (0.2-0.4 mm), replace the distributor housing.
drive it to a shop and have them do it. What will happen is you wont be able to position it correctly without a data scanner. You don't set timing on these like an old truck. You need to cam sync it which requires a scanner to show postion and then you rev the engine while checking the position which ideally should be at zero plus or minus 2. Just hope this is your problem before you go to this expense to replace the distributor. If you have a MIS i'm doubting its the distributor if you already replaced the cap and rotor.
Hi my name is juan and lets try to solve this it is possible that when you rotated the camshaft the distributor last his position and this is why it won't start it may not be the problem but this happens a lot so open your distributor and aline up your marks on camshaft and the crankshaft then make sure the distributor is pointing near the #1 spark plug if is opposite give it a 1 more turn to the crankshaft line up your marks again and se what happens #1 spark plug is the closets to the front part of the engine on 4cil