It all depends on which light kit was installed on your fan. As you described the fixture as requiring a "light bulb" meaning a singular bulb, Minka Aire usually uses several different types.
The most common is either a 40-watt or 60-watt Candelabra Bulbs.
(The designation "Candelabra" refers to its screw base. You can buy these in clear or frosted, torpedo or globe with a straight tip or curved. Etc.
Here's an example of a torpedo globe:
Sunlite 60 Watt Torpedo Tip Chandelier Candelabra Base Frost 48 Pack
And here's an example of a Candelabra globe:
Sunlite 60 Watt G16 5 Globe Candelabra Base Clear 48 Pack
Some of their fixtures use a 50-watt Mini-Can Xenon Bulb.
Satco S1914 50W MINI CAN FROSTED 120V
And other use a 3w CFL Medium Base Bulb.
3W CFL Deco 2700K Medium Base
When installing a CFL, Halogen or Xenon bulb, I recommend cleaning the glass with an alcohol wipe to remove any oil from fingerprints. Due to the very high temperatures these lamps operate at, the oil from your fingers will cause a hot-spot on the glass and can shorten the life of the bulb dramatically.
If none of the references I offered match the bulb in your actual fixture, you might be able to more closely match the fixture from one on the following page. The recommended bulb for each fixture is listed in the description of the fixture.
And as always, NEVER over-lamp a fixture with a bulb rated at a higher wattage than what's shown on the base of the fixture. That is, never use a 60-watt bulb in a fixture rated at 40-watts. The additional heat of the bulb may harden the insulation of the wiring in the fixture creating, causing the insulation to fail and create a fire hazard. Also for fixtures located tight to the ceiling, higher temperatures can dry out the gypsum ceiling material, causing it to crack and deteriorate.