Re: I have a 20 year old Beckett oil burner that runs...
Fuel oil has color added to it to show it is not diesel fuel here in NY it is reddish in color if it is not that perhaps it is coming from the old transformer, the black boxy thing on top of the oil gun. lift it up and check it out in it is leaking you should change it. the old transformers contain dioxins and other dangerous chemicals. the new ones are electronic . its an easy change to make the part is about $70 . Leaks do not go away by themselves wipe everything clean and figure out where it is coming from. and repair it.
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Fuel injectors should be next on your list of things to check and replace. You might also check your oil to see if it has turned any abnormal color. This will let you know if you have a liquid leak in the engine. When you removed the old spark plugs were any of them wet?
Running your furnace out of heating oil is not that uncommon. There are many different things that can go wrong to cause you to run out. If this happens to you do not panic, you can get your oil burner running rather quickly. You just need to know what to do.
You forgot to order more heating oil for your heater and now you have run it out of oil. The first thing you need to do is find a container that will hold at least five gallons of liquid. A container that is approved for flammable liquids is always the best.
Next, locate the closest gas station or convenience store that sells either regular diesel, off road diesel, or kerosene. Any one of these will work to get you going. Make sure that you never use any type of gas in your oil burner! You will need to add at least five gallons to get the level of the liquid in the fuel tank over the oil intake pipe so that you can prime the pump. When you get the fuel poured into the tank you should wait at least ten minutes to let the fuel settle before you try to light the burner. Dumping the new fuel into the tank with very little liquid in there will stir up the sludge in the bottom of the tank. If you try to pull oil into the burner while the sludge is suspended you will then create more problems.
When you have the fuel in the tank you can begin to start the burner. If you have a TigerLoop installed in your fuel line then just by pushing the reset button you can purge the air. With a couple of clicks of the reset button you will be heating again. If you do not have a TigerLoop but the burner pump has a two pipe system the oil pump will usually purge the air, but it may take a few resets to get it going. If you have only a single pipe system, then look for my tip on bleeding your pump.
Running your oil burner out of oil will sometimes happen. You can fix the problem if you know what you need to do. Usually this always happens on the coldest night of the year or on that holiday weekend when a service call to the heating oil company will cost you an arm and a leg just to get you warm again. Now you can get your family warm till you can get the tank your oil tank filled at a reasonable cost.
Running out of heating oil is not all that uncommon. There are many things that can go wrong causing you to run out. When this happens do not panic, you can get your oil burner up and running rather quickly if you know what to do
You forgot to get more heating oil for your furnace and now you have run it out of oil. The first thing you need is a container that will hold at least five gallons of liquid. A container approved for flammable liquids is always the best. I really would not want you to use that camping water jug. It will ruin it for any future water use.
Now locate the closest place that sells either regular diesel, off road diesel, or kerosene. Any of these will work to get you going. Never use any type of gas in your oil burner! You will need at least five gallons to get the level of the liquid in the tank over the intake pipe so that you can prime the pump. Once you get the fuel into the tank you should wait for at least ten minutes to let the fuel settle back down before you try to light the burner. Dumping the fuel into the tank with very little liquid in there will stir up all the sludge in the bottom of the tank and if you try to pull it into the burner while the sludge is suspended you will just create more problems.
Now that you have the fuel in the tank you can begin to try to start the burner. If your are fortunate enough to have a TigerLoop installed in your fuel line then just pushing the reset button will purge the air and with a couple of clicks of the button you will be heating again. If you do not have a TigerLoop the burner pump has a two pipe system the pump will usually purge the air eventually but it may take quite a few resets to get it going. If you have a single pipe system, then look for my article on bleeding your pump.
Running your oil burner out of oil happens and you can remedy the problem if you know what to do. Usually this will happen on the coldest night of the year or on a holiday weekend when a service call will cost you your firstborn to get you warm again. Now you can at least get warm till you can get the tank filled at a reasonable cost.
If it has a distinct odor like a cat box, it likely is just 80W85 axle lube. If no distinct odor, dip a cotton swab in to see if it has a dye color- if no dye color and it is brown, 20 or 30 weight non detergent oil should be fine. If it is red like automatic transmission fluid, and smells like transmission fluid, it probably is.
If unit is less than one year old double check with the vendor to see if there is a warranty issue. if it is several years old, there is no warrnty to worry about.
Hey welcome to the world of oil burner service!! :-) Theyare a finnicky beast to say the least. The problem you are having sounds like an air mixture problem. A combustion analyser would be the best tool to have but being that you probably don't have that try this. On the left side of the burner as you are looking at it is an air adjust ment ring and a fine tuning ring. the fine tuning ring is probably all you need to adjust. There is a screw that is usually right behind or near the pipe coming out of the pump and going into the burner. Loosen that and turn the ring away from you just a bit to close off some of the air and you will be fine. The burner is running a bit to lean. If you can see the flame turn the adjustment closed just until the flame color turns from a almost white color to a slightly orange color. Then you should be fine. Good luck!!
The soot can be caused by a number of reasons, if it was recently cleaned, I would wonder if the service tech just left a little mess behind. If you are reasonablely sure that is not the case, one cause could be a faulty pump. Inside the fuel pump is a pressure regulating valve, that is responisible for pump pressure and cut off. If the valve is failing, and not giving proper cut off, then a small amount of oil will drip into the chamber (called "after drip") and upon start up this oil burns incompletely causing a soot build up. A delay valve often masks the problem by providing the positive shut off electronically. Another problem/cause could be impoper adj. of the burner during the tune-up. On a final note, with equipment that old, it would be a good idea to start looking into a newer, more efficient system.
problem is pump-must replace- there is a valve inside unit that holds pressure to about 150psi -it is leaking by when unit shuts down- causing problem. If left unrepaired you could blow chimeny connection with bad ignition. good luck