Question about Dell OptiPlex GX150 SF PC Desktop
Generally to upgrade from a former O.S. to a Newer O.S. you would simply do it in Windows. Place XP O.S. in CD Rom Reader than follow the instructions to upgrade. Simply enter the Product key for your XP O.S. when prompted. Good idea to save your Data first.
A much better method and a good learning experience, especially if the old O.S. is overused and or corrupt or you dont have all the drivers etc is to do it from scratch i.e. boot from the Installation disk and do the install without having to go into windows.
1) save ALL your data, forget trying to save programs ..once installed they lose their .exe installation files and have to be reloaded from the original disk.
2) Leaving CD ROM disk tray OPEN, shut down computer then place disk into tray and turn on.
3) If your Computer has a Boot Order F key than press it when booting and select CD ROM from the list. I
4) Normally you will see a Line in the upper right indicating that if you want to boot from the CD press any key and do so and the temp files for the installation should start loading.
5) If the computer goes into Windows then you would have to go into the BIAS which may be the F 12 key or F 2 but usually indicated in the Boot up. If not it could be DEL button or if necessary call DELL and they will tell you the BIAS key and go into it while booting up and prompted. Go to BOOT ORDER and follow directions how to change the BOOT ORDER to make C.D. ROM FIRST on the list.
6) Save changes and you will get the message as in #4
7) After Computer loads temp installation files it will shut down and restart . IF prompted to "FIX" Operating System select NO
8) It will continue until you see a screen indicating your Drive or Drives, their letter(s) etc. asking if you want to DELETE THEM: Press "D" and you DO WANT TO DELETE THEM and follow instructions after. I think the next key you press is "L" and the screen returns. Do the same with ALL DRIVES ON THE LIST UNTIL THEY ALL INDICATE THEIR "RAW" SPACE. Do not worry your new O.S. Disk will reformat them properly in the next step but its ESSENTIAL you DELETE THEM to insure a "clean installation"
9) You will be asked on the next screen if you want to FORMAT the RAW DRIVE and if so how: either NTFS or in FAT. NTFS is the default System of Choice now so select that. You will be given a choice of FAST or Normal Format ...STRONG SELECTION is " Normal" especially if the old O.S. had a lot of files and had not been formatted since you obtained the computer.
10) The O.S. disk will then FORMAT the Hard Drive (sector it into usable form coordinated with an Index etc; this is automatic and may take a awhile but let it finish.
11) After the Formatting, you will be asked which drive you want to install Windows on and you simply select your "C" drive or if not clear the one with the largest jvolume.
12 From then on it is automatic mostly, you will be prompted to perform certain tasks like entering the Serial Key, select Language and Location, Time zone, ETC. Some you can ignore or delay like if asked what type of connection to the internet you prefer, if you have a Network etc etc. You can do all that later
13 Windows will continue loading and an eye should be kept on it to see if there are any other questions you may want to answer but its pretty automatic and will end with a bunch of questions which are simple to ans, not critical and can be revisited later like Passwords, Preferences etc.
14 When it ends you will see the Typical Microsoft Screen with the Start Button and Basic applications that Microsoft puts on the Disk...
15) Do not worry if the screen seems distorted of the sound does not function or the computer does not connect to the Internet etc etc. This is usually DRIVER issues which is the Next Learning Experience to Tackle which i will go throught briefly :)
ITS SAFE TO ASSUME THAT THE MANUFACTURER WILL HAVE ALL THE DRIVERS YOU NEED ON THEIR WEBSITE, IN THIS CASE DELL BUT YOU HAVE TO DETERMINE WHICH YOU NEED....
Go to START > Control Panel and Select "SYSTEM" (a computer screen with a check mark Icon)... Select HARDWARE AND then DEVICE MANAGER. Simply look for YELLOW CHECK MARKS NEXT TO ANY DEVICE THAT THERE IS NO DRIVER FOR and MAKE A NOTE.
LOOK SPECIFICALLY FOR ONE THAT INDICATES:
"NETWORK ADAPTORS" IF THIS IS NOT CHECKED THEN PLUG IN YOUR " CABLE" FORM YOUR MODEM, GO TO THE MANUFACTURERS WEBSITE, IN THIS CASE: DELL.COM and look for SUPPORT, DRIVERS AND DOWNLOADS AND FIND YOUR COMPUTER MODEL AND OPERATING SYSTEM LISTED IN THE DROP DOWN BOXES.
Simply go to your list and find the corresponding DRIVER and DOWNLOAD IT, SELECTING: "RUN" IN ALL CASES AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS, BOOKMARK THE PAGE INCASE YOU ARE ASKED TO RESTART THE COMPUTER. Start with the Major COmponents first: ( Chip Set, Video, Audio, wireless network etc)
SPECIAL CASE: IF YOU NOTICE AT FIRST WHEN YOU GO INTO THE DEVICE MANAGER THAT THERE ARE NO "NETWORK DRIVERS" (YELLOW MARK THERE) THEN YOU WILL KNOW YOU ARE NOT ABLE TO LOG ONTO THE INTERNET WITH THE COMPUTER JUST YET...YOU WILL HAVE TO USE ANOTHER COMPUTER TO GO THE THE DELL WEBSITE AND DOWNLOAD THE NETWORK DRIVER THERE BY SELECTING "DOWNLOAD" NOT "RUN", SAVING IT AND THEN USING AN EXTERNAL DRIVE OR USB THUMB DRIVE etc to DOWNLOAD THE DRIVER AND TRANSFER IT TO THE "NEW" COMPUTER. LOAD IT BY PLUGGING IT IN TO THE USB PORT AND SELECTING RUN AND INSTALL IT THEN YOU WILL BE ABLE TO LOG ON TO THE WEBSITE AND DOWNLOAD THE OTHER DRIVERS. You may also be able to use a CD ROM to download the Network Driver to and install it in the NEW computer......
After completing these installations, go back to the Control panel and System> Device Manager to see if you missed anything; ALL YELLOW CHECK MARKS SHOULD BE GONE. iF NOT THEN GO BACK TO SEE WHICH YOU MISSED AND DOWNLOAD IT.
You can now install your programs, data, periferals etc; you have completed a MAJOR Procedure in Computing the Professional Way, CONGRADS ! Your Computer, incidently should work infinately better, faster and pretty much like "new"
If you want to learn more; suggest you look up:
How Operating Systems Work?
How Drivers Work?
WHY Formatting a HARD DRIVE is so Important, what does it do ?
How Does a HARD DRIVER WORK?
At this point suggest you pick up the pieces of your head after it EXPLODES andPAT YOURSELF ON THE BACK... You are well on your way to becomming a qualified Computer Tech; this is a one of the major procedures you will encounter in MOST Computer Breakdowns. Operating System Breakdowns due to Corruption, Virus, User Error, etc are the MOST common cause for Computer Repairs :)
Posted on Aug 20, 2009
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
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