Servicing the Tub and Agitator
©2006 Publications International, Ltd.Replace a damaged agitator
with a new one of the same type.
Unscrew the cap on top of the
agitator and pull straight up;
the agitator should lift off.
washing machine tub, or basket, generally doesn't cause problems.
However, at times it may cause damage to the laundry, make a lot of
noise, vibrate, or stop completely.
If laundry is torn during
the wash cycle, feel around the tub. If you find a rough spot, you may
be able to smooth it with an emery board. Sand the spot lightly. If
this doesn't work -- or if you have to cut to bare metal to remove the
roughness -- the tub should be replaced. In this case, it's probably
much wiser to replace the entire washer.
The agitator -- the
finned part that fits on the tub shaft -- can also tear laundry if the
fins are cracked or broken. You may be able to solve the problem
temporarily by pinching off the splinters with pliers and lightly
filing the plastic smooth, but this is just a stopgap measure; the
agitator should be replaced. Replace a damaged agitator with a new one
of the same type. To do this, unscrew the cap on top of the agitator.
With the cap off, pull straight up on the agitator; it should lift off.
If it doesn't move, rap its side with a hammer. If it still won't lift
off, drive wedges under the bottom rim of the agitator to dislodge it.
Then set the new agitator into place and replace the agitator cap.
to the snubber, a padlike device sometimes located under the agitator
cap, can cause the machine to vibrate excessively. The snubber may have
a suspension spring in it. Lift off the agitator cap and examine the
snubber. If the spring is broken, or if the pad is visibly worn,
replace the entire snubber. Snubbers might also be found at the splash
guard at the top of the tub, under the transmission, or as part of the
water pump housing. Look around until you see it.
If the machine
doesn't have a snubber, listen for noise at the suspension unit between
the tub and the machine cabinet. The suspension unit has fins or pads
that may need replacement. In some cases, the entire unit may have to
be replaced. Another noise point is the basket support nut. Tighten the
nut or, if you can't tighten it, replace it.
Sudden tub stops
can be caused by a broken motor belt, but they are usually due to poor
tub loading. Check to see if wet laundry is wadded around the bottom of
the tub shaft, or under the basket or agitator assembly. Remove the
basket or agitator in order to remove the laundry easily.Servicing the Water Pump
all washing machine parts, the water pump probably takes the most
punishment, because it is constantly in use. When the pump fails, you
can hear or see the trouble: a loud rumbling inside the machine, or a
failure of the water to drain out of the tub. Here's what you can do to
fix the problem:
©2006 Publications International, Ltd.Take the pump apart and clean
away all debris inside the pump.
Also clear away debris from
the water tubes.Step 1:
Check the drain hoses to make sure they are draining properly. Remove
the water supply hoses from the back of the washer. With long-nosed
pliers, extract the filter screens from the valve ports in the washer
or from the hoses themselves. Wash the screens thoroughly. Then replace
them and reattach the hoses. If the machine still rumbles or doesn't
drain, examine the pump.Step 2:
To access the pump, first bail and sponge out any water in the
machine's tub. Then tip the washer over on its front, using a heavy
blanket or pad to protect the washer's finish. Remove the back service
panel. The pump is usually located along the bottom of the machine, but
with the unit tipped on its front it's easier to remove the pump
through the back than through the bottom of the washer.Step 3:
Locate the pump. It has two large hoses attached to it with spring or
strap clips. If the clips are the spring type, pinch the ends of the
clips together with pliers to release them, and slide the clips down
the hoses. If the clips are the strap type, unscrew the metal collar to
loosen the clamp. Disconnect the hoses by pulling them off the
connections. If the hoses are kinked or crimped at these connections,
straighten them as best you can and reconnect them. Then try the
machine again to see if this kinking was causing the problem. If the
machine still doesn't drain, you'll have to remove the water pump.Step 4:
To remove the pump, loosen the bolt that holds the drive belt taut and
move the washer motor on the bracket to loosen the belt. Move the motor
out of the way and unbolt the pump; it's usually held by two or three
hex-head bolts located on the bottom of the pump housing. As you loosen
the last mounting bolt, support the pump with your hand. Then lift the
pump out of the washer.Step 5:
You should take the pump apart if you can, because the trouble could be
lint, dirt, or pieces of cloth or paper clogging the pump impeller.
Clean away all debris inside the pump and clear any debris out of the
water tubes. Then reassemble the pump. Hook up the pump again and test
it. If cleaning the pump doesn't put it back into working order, or if
the pump housing can't be removed, replace the pump with a new one of
the same kind.Step 6:
To install the new pump, set it into position and connect the mounting
bolts to the pump housing. Move the motor back into position. Tighten
the drive belt on the motor by prying it taut with a hammer handle or
pry bar; it should give about 1/2 inch when you press on it at the center point between the two pulleys.Step 7:
Reconnect the hoses leading to the pump.Or Replace tighten Drive Belts and Tightening Pulleys