1. Many Americans believed U.S. had to expand or explode
a. Increase in population, wealth, and industrial production demanded more
i. Some feared existing resources in U.S. might eventually dry up
ii. Panic of 1893 convinced some businessmen industry had overexpanded resulting
in overproduction & underconsumption
b. Labor unrest and agrarian unrest (Populism) rampant due to industrialism.
c. Overseas markets a possible safety valve for U.S. internal pressures.
2. The experience of subjugating the Plains Indian tribes after the Civil War had
established a precedent for exerting colonial control over dependent peoples. AMERICAN IMPERIALISM 1890 1913