Question about Singer Futura Xl-400 All-In-One Sewing And Embroidery Machine

1 Answer

Why is bobIN thread not sewing several stitches

How to fix bobbin thread from not sewing every stitch

Posted by Anonymous on

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  • Singer Expert
  • 631 Answers

That is generally caused because the flat side of your needle is not all the way to the back, and/or the needle is not all the way up in the clamp. On those machines, loosening the screw enough to remove the needle is not loose enough to put one in all the way. You can always be sure it is in all the way by looking right above the clamp. You'll see what looks like a post there, and the end of the needle should be right below it. A flashlight may help to see it.

Also, because it is a regular rather than a wing-type screw, it cannot be tightened enough to keep the needle in position without taking a flat-blade screwdriver and tightening it more than by hand.

Also be sure that you have inserted the bobbin in the correct direction, and that the bobbin thread has been caught within the tension area in the bobbin case--use the slot provided, it's a great help, but don't use the cutter--your thread needs to be longer than that.

Posted on Jan 02, 2015

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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bargainbox
  • 1388 Answers

SOURCE: bottom stitch all gummed up

If you are using a standard top tension of 4 or 5 and this problem has developed over time, the most likely cause is lint deposited between the tension disks....... if the top tension is loose, or in the tension spring of the bobbin case if the bottom tension is having troubles. In either case you need to remove the lint...... 
Raise the presser foot and with a length of scrap fabric, use an action like flossing your teeth to get between the top tension disks......in extreme cases a probe (old needle) may be used very gently to remove thread and lint, but be VERY careful not to scratch the polished surfaces. 
I have also written a tutorial on tension balance which may be of further assistance, particularly for bobbin tension issues: 

Please TRY the solution BEFORE giving your considered rating.

Ensure that all is clean and free of lint and jams, this is the most likely cause....now for tension troubleshooting .......

This solution is for tension problems...if you cannot form any sort of stitch, the issue is quite different, so please let me know if you need a different problem solved.....

It is quite long, but just work through each section in order.
The "knotting up" can reveal a lot. If you have loose threads on one side or the other, the tension on the opposite side will be the culprit.

QUICK SUMMARY FIRST:
Ensure sharp new needle, 
Thread guides and Bobbin are Clean & Clear of lint
Set Top Tesion to 4 ....then....
Balance Bobbin to suit.

TOP THREAD TENSION:
If the looping threads are on the underside as you sew, it is the top tension. Top tension ought to be between 4 & 6 (this variation to allow for the different weights of fabric in your 
projects). 

IS YOUR NEEDLE SHARP ?
If you are using a needle that has seen quite a deal of work, or you suspect it may be blunt, change it for a new one !

TOP TENSION & GUIDES:
Make sure that when you thread the machine the presser foot is up so the thread goes between the discs and not to one side, top tension between 4 and 6, and that you have threaded through all the guides, including the last one, usually on the needle arm, just above the needle clamp.

It may be there is lint trapped between the discs, this will keep them slightly apart and reduce the actual tension, sometimes dramatically.

If tensions appear correct, and the thread is definitely in the channel between the discs, but still too loose and looping, try raising presser foot and remove your thread.

Now, with a 2" (50mm) wide strip piece of fabric 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) moistened with methylated or denatured spirit, gently insert the fabric strip and clean between the discs with 
a see saw / to and fro action.

In the worst cases, gentle use of a needle to pick & remove the jam may be necessary, but be very gentle and make sure the tension is set at Zero and the presser foot is raised, (to 
disengage tension plates).... do not gouge or score the plates, they need a polished surface to work correctly.

BOBBIN TENSION:
Far less common, but if the loose threads are on the top, it is bobbin tension that is loose, it too may have lint in the spring and be giving a "false" tension. 

I would not recommend fiddling with bobbin tension without good reason, it may end up with missing small screws and spring pieces, however, you can take the needle plate off to clean 
the hook race area (where bobbin case sits) 

...this is just good housekeeping, my wife does this every time she replaces the bobbin....

just take it out and clean the bobbin case and the fixed metal hook race with a small brush to remove lint. If there is a significant amount of lint, use a vacuum and small brush to get the worst.

Then wipe all this area with a cloth or cotton bud (Q tip) moistened (not soaked) with methylated spirit, especially if there appears to be fine dirty deposits....oil and lint combine to conspire against you.

If it seems likely that you ......really ....do .....actually .....need .....to adjust the bobbin case, first check there is no lint trapped in the metal spring where the thread is tensioned. 

TOP LOADER:
Drop-in Bobbin case will look similar to this image with the tension screw in the middle of the metalwork....

4c76dc1.jpg ...the other screw at one end is holding it all together, so beware....it is not a tragedy to undo the whole lot and clean it, but very gingerly and lay the bits out in sequence and orientation, or you risk tearing your hair out !

FRONT LOADER:
....this is a bobbin case from a front loading machine and works in a very similar fashion to the top loader with drop in bobbin, again, if you dismantle it, take care so you can put it all 
back properly.
165ca5c.jpg FINISHING UP
GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT:
When you are certain there's no trapped lint in top tension or bobbin, set the top tension to 4 and the bobbin tension to a point where you just begin to feel resistance.

Try using good quality thread of contrasting colours so you can more easily spot the changes.

Set your zigzag to one width less than maximum (eg. 5 of 6 ...or... 4 of 5 etc) and sew a sample for a few inches and check the result.... adjust the bobbin tension screw very little at 
a time, perhaps 1/16 of a turn.

You may find you are playing with this balance for some little while and if you are putting the needleplate on and off each time begin to think it cannot be correct to do this.....BUT....it is, 
and eventually, you do get a "feel" for the correct tension and then it happens quite quickly.....as a user you won't be doing it very often unless there is lint built up (or are there small hands at work around the house !?!?!)

OTHER ISSUES:
If you live near the ocean as we do, salt air can play havoc with metalwork inside and out, so to help minimise this, keep a few small packets of dessicant (silica gel) in your machine 
case....no case ? then make some sort of cover ! 

Same applies in any damp or humid environment, keep your machine dry and dust free.

Budget for a proper full service every couple of years (more often if heavily used) and if you don't use your machine for a few years, be aware that old oil will dry out and combining with 
dust and form a "clag" like glue (another reason for some sort of cover, even a teatowel !)

FINALLY, A WORD ON THREAD:
If it is worth spending the time, energy and money on making something that you would like to give lasting enjoyment......use quality thread, .......it may seem to cost a little more at the 
time, but the results, ease of use and added longevity will be worth the extra, and as a bonus, your tension troubles may be fewer and further between, because there is a more consistent diameter with good thread, and less compensating to be done by your tension plates and less thread breaks !
 
 
 
 
www.bargainbox.com.au

Posted on Dec 28, 2008

  • 1 Answer

SOURCE: singer simple sewing machine will not sew

need needle threading instructions singer 3116 simple. pictures would help. thank you

Posted on Mar 15, 2009

kent581
  • 87 Answers

SOURCE: bottom of stitch is bunched with alot of thread and machine jams

Try these time savers:
Test your thread quality to start, thread your machine and LIFT the presser foot (this opens the tension disks). Pull your top thread straight back. If you feel no tension no mater how much thread you pull, your thread is good. If that your machine passes that test, then let me know, we can go to step 2. If not, try different spool of thread, same test until you get a smooth pull (tip: always check your thread this way when you thread your machine)
Step 2:
Pull on your threaded bobbin thread while it’s in the machine. Does it pull smooth and even? If so, go to step 3. If not, try a new bobbin (bobbins get bent or distorted if wound too tight).
Clean thoroughly in the hook and bobbin case area and oil 1-2 drop is all.

Posted on Mar 18, 2009

Mimito7
  • 128 Answers

SOURCE: loose stitches on bottom

FYI.. Loops on the bottom, problem is on the top..
Loops on the top, broblem is with the bobbin.

Posted on Apr 19, 2009

Mongo32
  • 111 Answers

SOURCE: Machine will not pick up the bobbin thread.

if your machine's needle threads from front to back, make sure that the flat part of the needle shank points to the rear of the machine. If it threads from left to right, the flat side should face right, etc.

Posted on Jun 11, 2009

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2 Answers

I notice the thread from the bobbin is loser than the one coming directly from the spool. Also, one side of the stitching seems normal and the other side seems like a long single stitch


That is tension. Sounds like you need to tighten the upper tension slightly to bring the bobbin thread up. The tension is correct when the upper and bobbin threads meet in the middle of the fabric. Also, tension will not always be constant. It may need to change as you change fabrics, thread, and as your machine ages, so it is best to get comfortable with adjusting the tension for each project.

Sewing Lesson 10 How to Fix Tension on Your Sewing Machine

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Jan 13, 2017 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

The top of the stitching is so loose, it can be pulled out with no effort. Have retreaded several times, used manual as guide. Tension is on 4, stitch length on 2.5 and stitch width on A.


Remove the upper thread. Install a brand new needle

RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning--make sure the thread path is correct.

Set the upper tension at the midway point which is usually the factory standard. This is a beginning point. Every machine is different and may require some tweaking to get the stitch tension where you want it.

Make sure the bobbin is inserted in the bobbin case and turning the correct direction and the bobbin tension is threaded correctly.

Retest your machine.

If the bobbin thread is tight and still pulling the upper thread down, either tighten the upper tension slightly and retest. If it is still the case, then the bobbin tension probably needs to lightened up slightly.

The tension is correct when both threads meet in the middle of the fabric.

Sewing Lesson 10 How to Fix Tension on Your Sewing Machine

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Oct 15, 2016 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

My Janome MyStyle 16 keeps jamming - thread bunching in the bobbin cavity. Have tried everything but keeps happening... How can I fix this??


PDF]INSTRUCTION MANUAL - Janome

janome.com/siteassets/support/manuals/.../inst-book-7318-english.pdf
making any other adjustments mentioned in this owner's manual. ..... 16 q w e r t. SECTION 3. BASIC SEWING. Straight Stitch Sewing. Machine setting: q Stitch ...

How to Thread a Janome Sewing Machine - YouTube

? 6:55
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NUsT0plWt6Y
Mar 1, 2013 - Uploaded by Easy Sewing for Beginners
In this video I show you how to thread a Janome sewing machine ... I've unwrapped it and started reading the manual and it wasn't easy to see ...

Nov 26, 2015 | Janome Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Have a Good Housekeeper AZZ sewing machine. Re-threaded the bobbin now the stitching is all messed up. First time sewing don't have a manual. Is this tension problem? How do I fix it.


Sounds like you have threaded the bobbin incorrectly or placed in it the spool holder wrongly, if it was all working fine before re-threading the bobbin. Has it been re-threaded too loosely? Fill another bobbin and try again. You may find instruction on the web site.

Jun 25, 2015 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

Why isbobbin stitch on top weird how do i fix


sorry but the bottom stitch does not move but the top one does . if you want straight stitch the machine setting has to be changed to straight .

May 22, 2015 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

How to adjust the bobbin tension.


According to the manual, you should not need to adjust the bobbin tension (and I located other sites which stated the bobbin tension cannot be adjusted on this machine). Apparently, all the tension adjustment is accomplished through the upper thread::
"EN Thread Tension Upper thread tension Basic thread tension setting: "4". (1) To increase the tension, turn the dial to the next number up. To reduce the tension, turn the dial to the next number down. A. Normal thread tension for straight stitch sewing. B. Thread tension too loose for straight stitch sewing. Turn dial to higher number. C. Thread tension too tight for straight stitch sewing. Turn dial to lower number. D. Normal thread tension for zig zag and decorative sewing. Correct thread tension is when a small amount of the upper thread appears on the bottom side of fabric. Lower thread tension The bobbin tension has been set correctly at the factory, so you do not need to adjust it. Please note: - Proper tension setting is important for strong seams. - There is no single tension setting appropriate for all stitch functions, thread or fabric. - A balanced tension (identical stitches both top and bottom) is usually only desirable for straight stitch construction sewing. - 90% of all sewing will be between "3" and "5". - For zig zag and decorative sewing stitch functions, thread tension should generally be less than for straight stitch sewing. - For all decorative sewing you will always obtain a nicer stitch and less fabric puckering when the upper thread appears on the bottom side of your fabric. 1 A B C 22 D"

Doing further research, I found this statement on a machine review site:
"After reading reviews online from where I've bought my drop-in bobbin machines, I think many of the negative reviews are due to the bobbin thread coming up without laying across the bobbin. It can cause the stitches to look very sloppy and no amount of tension adjusting can fix the stitches."

There are several machine review sites wherein 4423 owners stated their disappointment in the 4423's performance. Some said the machine failed almost immediately and others said the machines developed problems when sewing heavy fabric.

Apr 26, 2015 | Singer 4423 Sewing Machine

1 Answer

John Lewis mini sewing machine


This was really helpful for me fixing my daughter a John Lewis (janome) mini sewing machine, and now can get the bobbin thread up again, however, when you sew, the thread is not staying in stitches, just coming off the material completely. I tried forcing the gears on one more time but then it didn't pick up the bobbin thread again so went back to the other gear position. Any ideas of what to try and get it stitching again? Thanks

Apr 02, 2013 | Janome Mini Compact

1 Answer

Can't set the tension on needle or bobbin to match


1. make sure your machine is threaded right.2. set the tension between 3 and 4 and play with the tension as you need it to adjust it.3. make sure the bobbin is threaded right.make sure to visit the site below; it has solutions to multiple problems and instructions how to thread the needle or bobbin. Good luck.htt://Fix Looping/Knotting Thread Fix Knotting/Bunching Thread Looping Bunching & Knotting Thread

Aug 03, 2011 | Euro-Pro 1260DX Mechanical Sewing Machine

2 Answers

How do you adjust the bobbin


Hello

Set the tension on the sewing machine for the weight of the material you want to sew. The tension setting shows in the stitch on the material. Use the chart on the machine that matches types of stitches with suggested material tensions. An example of this is, the stitch to sew jean material is different than the stitch to sew silk.

Take the bobbin and wind the thread around it. Make sure the bobbin is empty and don't fill it too full of thread. A bobbin filled too full won't stay tightly spun.

Thread the string evenly on the bobbin. Move the thread back and forth evenly and in layers that are level. Many Singer sewing machines have a bobbin winder on the top of the sewing machine, and the consistency of how it threads can save you frustration later.

Find the hole on the bobbin that is located near the inside spindle of the bobbin. Take the thread sitting on the sewing machines spool and insert the thread in the hole from inside the bobbin to the outside. Set the threaded bobbin on the spool designated for spinning on the top of the sewing machine for some Singers.

Turn the side drive wheel slowly until the threaded bobbin has a layer or two of thread on it. Push down on the drive peddle and fill the bobbin, but don't thread it to the very edge. If the bobbin is too full the thread will release erratically. Cut the thread from the spool.

Drop the bobbin into the bobbin case under the area where the needle sews the material. Close the case and turn by hand the side wheel drive until the bobbin threads into the sewing machine. You can tell when the bobbin is threaded by the tiny piece of thread that juts out of the bobbin case where the needle goes up and down.

Grab the thread with your fingers and pull it out approximately 4 inches. Your bobbin is now spun and threaded.

Aug 02, 2011 | Singer 1120 Mechanical Sewing Machine

1 Answer

Sewing Machine: loose stitch that's easy to pull out.


Check that the upper and lower threading are correct. Check that the thread has tension from the bobbin case.

Jul 23, 2009 | Sewing Machines

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