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Re position the braking assembly so the stationary pad is just about to touch the rim and tighten. Then with the adjustment adjust the pad that moves so that it applies appropriate braking force when you squeeze the hand brake.
If the brakes shoes are that worn that the adjustment on the handlebar will not take up the cable slack, you will have to make the adjustment at the brake itself, or get new brake pads.
The wear limit of the rims themselves is usually only reached after several sets of brakes.
(Depends on how much sand gets into the brake shoes)
If your brakes are squealing a bit then you need to toe the the pads in a bit. Basically the trailing end of the pad needs to touch the rim when barely when light pressure is applied. You want your pads to be adjusted like an inverted V or sorts. Like this ^ . You need to adjust and re tighten the brake pad holder. Re-adjust the pads and they will be tight but will not squeal.
Is this disk or brake blocks like cantilever or vbrake. I have disks now b ut have never messed with them. If it is not disk then I would just say to make sure that the rear part of the pad hits the rim first. Fine tuning is done by adjusting the turn buckle where the cable goes into the lever. Set the brakes so that when you are pulling hard on the brakes, on dry pavement, set the brakes so that they only get tight enough to not quite lock up. And make sure you use both brakes at the same time. Not just one or the other. adjust the pads by putting one or two dimes between the pad and rim. There are also adjustment screws on the brake arms that control spring tension and in the end the alignment of tire between the brakes. You want the same space between pads and rim on both sides. If they squeal because you have been riding with poorly adjusted brakes take a file to the pads to level them out. Thy will grab better after this. Hope it helps
This brake mechanism has a Lock/Adjuster nut which holds the brake arms together but it is also to adjust them too.....Just hold the brake unit with hand and break the nut loose....loose enough that you can move each brake pad arm seperately but not to loose.....Then squeeze the arms inward until the pads almost touch the rim then tighten back up...this action moves the pads closer to the rim to stop better faster.....Hope this helps..........Metalpoet..........
Depending on what brakes are fitted (I'll assume V brakes or U brakes for now) here is a similar procedure for both:
On the brake itself, loosen the pinch bolt , move the arms of the brakes inwards, so the pads are 1-2mm from the rim, tighten the pinch bolt. If the pads are down to their wear indicator, replace them. If they are missing the rim, on the ouside of them they have an adjustment bolt, loosen, aim the pads at the rim and tighten.
Adjust the lever tension by spinning the adjustment screw. Get this right for your own preferenece.
An added tip, to get your brake pads working amazing for a week or so, get a cloth, some Coca Cola and wipe the rims. The acid in it, cleans the rims of oil/contaminants and the stickiness grips the pads :)
Your bike likely has linear pull brakes so you will need to a. loosen the pinch bolt that holds the brake cable to the noodle (down at the wheel). You then pinch the brake in towards the rim with your hand until it's almost touching and then retighten the cable. You can then do some fine adjustment on how close the brake pads are the rim with the adjusting nuts up at the levers.
take a small or medium size cresent wrench put it on the brake pad holder slot (the metal piece that adjust them up and down)and slightly tweak them in at an angle.. the brake pads will now be at a slight V angle to the rim this should quiet it down..if there's no room to do this then you"ll have to loosen up the brake cable a little to expand it out..remember its spring loaded so have you hand hold it together and slowly relax you hand then tighten with the other, or theres one more way which is probably a lot easier...adjust the cable screw barrel down a few threads if you can then you"ll have the room needed to angle them in.