To set up wireless router security, there are four main steps, which are the same for most routers. These are:
1) Login to your router, using a wired
2) Change the router login password
3) Change the network name (SSID)
4) Enable WPA encryption.
1) Login to your router, using a wired (Ethernet) connection.
Make sure you have a cabled connection to your router. Then open a web browser, and type the router’s IP address into the address bar. For example, this is http://192.168.0.1
If you log in successfully, you should then see the router configuration screen.
2) Change the router login password.
To change the router password, find a menu option such as Setup, Tools, Administration, Basic Settings, Management, or Utilities.
Set and confirm a new login password. Click ‘Save/Apply’ when finished.
3) Change the SSID (network name):
The SSID or Network Name is the name you see when you are looking for an ‘available wireless network’.
To access this setting, find a menu option such as Wireless, Wireless Security, Security, or perhaps Advanced Settings.
Change the SSID from the default, to anything you like. It is case sensitive, and you can use up to 32 letters – but do not use something that could identify you, or your location. Click ‘Save’ or ‘Apply’ when finished.
4) Enable WPA encryption
Find the Wireless Security or Wireless Encryption Options section - often in the same section as the SSID (eg for Netgear – it’s still in Wireless Settings).
You may have a number of encryption options. Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK (good choices to start with).
You then need to enter a network key. The box to enter this may be labelled Network Key: it may also be labelled WPA-PSK, WPA Shared Key, PSK, Security key, Passphrase, Pre-shared key, Authentication key .
Note down your network key carefully. You will need this to connect wirelessly. Click ‘Apply/Save’ when finished.
That's it - you have done enough to secure your network, and can close the screen.