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Singer 534 skipping stitches

Skipping stitches when sewing knits. Has new ball point needle installed with flat side facing back. Re-threaded. Have adjusted the tension.Checked thread on bobbin for correct winding. Have varied the stitch length and needle and thread seem matched. Any other things to look for?

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  • Contributor
  • 47 Answers

Most sewing machines will sew well on sturdy woven fabrics without being perfectly adjusted. However, because knit fabrics have more stretch, and have a tendency to pull the needle in one direction or another, a sewing machine has to be very well adjusted to sew on them well. You needle clearance or timing could be slightly off, and would cause the machine to skip on knits. Unless you have a reasonable amount of experience with adjusting sewing machines, it would probably be best to take your machine to a repair shop to get it adjusted. Make sure you tell them what kind of thread and material you are working with. Take some samples if you can.

Posted on May 15, 2014

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sew dutch
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SOURCE: Juki HZL-E61: cannot get tension right on straight stitch

Loops on the bottom of the fabric direct the problem to the top thread. Rethread again and make sure the thread goes through the tension discs. Lift the foot, because this is what opens the discs. When sewing and the foot is down, the discs should be closed and thus giving the upper thread the tension it needs.

Posted on May 25, 2009

Mongo32
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SOURCE: my 385.15516000 Kenmore sewing machine is skipping

have you tried a new needle? needle in correctly? threaded correctly?

Posted on Jul 23, 2009

bargainbox
  • 1388 Answers

SOURCE: Kenmore model 385.1764180 bobbin jam

Use a Ball Point needle for stretch fabrics....Janome Blue Tip # 11 are excellent....
Please TRY the solution BEFORE giving your considered rating.
Specific detail on bobbin case adjustment (with picture) near halfway down reply, the remainder will help you achieve a balance of top and bottom tensions.

Ensure that all is clean and free of lint and jams, this is the most likely cause....now for tension troubleshooting .......

This solution is for tension problems...if you cannot form any sort of stitch, the issue is quite different, so please let me know if you need a different problem solved.....

It is quite long, but just work through each section in order.

The "knotting up" can reveal a lot. If you have loose threads on one side or the other, the tension on the opposite side will be the culprit.

QUICK SUMMARY FIRST:
Ensure sharp new needle,
Thread guides and Bobbin are Clean & Clear of lint
Set Top Tesion to 4 ....then....
Balance Bobbin to suit.

TOP THREAD TENSION:
If the looping threads are on the underside as you sew, it is the top tension. Top tension ought to be between 4 & 6 (this variation to allow for the different weights of fabric in your projects).

IS YOUR NEEDLE SHARP ?
If you are using a needle that has seen quite a deal of work, or you suspect it may be blunt, change it for a new one !

TOP TENSION & GUIDES:
Make sure that when you thread the machine the presser foot is up so the thread goes between the discs and not to one side, top tension between 4 and 6, and that you have threaded through all the guides, including the last one, usually on the needle arm, just above the needle clamp.

It may be there is lint trapped between the discs, this will keep them slightly apart and reduce the actual tension, sometimes dramatically.

If tensions appear correct, and the thread is definitely in the channel between the discs, but still too loose and looping, try raising presser foot and remove your thread.

Now, with a 2" (50mm) wide strip piece of fabric 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) moistened with methylated or denatured spirit, gently insert the fabric strip and clean between the discs with a see saw / to and fro action.

In the worst cases, gentle use of a needle to pick & remove the jam may be necessary, but be very gentle and make sure the tension is set at Zero and the presser foot is raised, (to disengage tension plates).... do not gouge or score the plates, they need a polished surface to work correctly.

BOBBIN TENSION:
Far less common, but if the loose threads are on the top, it is bobbin tension that is loose, it too may have lint in the spring and be giving a "false" tension.

I would not recommend fiddling with bobbin tension without good reason, it may end up with missing small screws and spring pieces, however, you can take the needle plate off to clean
the hook race area (where bobbin case sits)

...this is just good housekeeping, my wife does this every time she replaces the bobbin....

just take it out and clean the bobbin case and the fixed metal hook race with a small brush to remove lint. If there is a significant amount of lint, use a vacuum and small brush to get the worst.

Then wipe all this area with a cloth or cotton bud (Q tip) moistened (not soaked) with methylated spirit, especially if there appears to be fine dirty deposits....oil and lint combine to conspire against you.

If it seems likely that you ......really ....do .....actually .....need .....to adjust the bobbin case, first check there is no lint trapped in the metal spring where the thread is tensioned.

TOP LOADER:
Drop-in Bobbin case will look similar to this image with the tension screw in the middle of the metalwork....

4c76dc1.jpg ...the other screw at one end is holding it all together, so beware....it is not a tragedy to undo the whole lot and clean it, but very gingerly and lay the bits out in sequence and orientation, or you risk tearing your hair out !

FRONT LOADER:
....this is a bobbin case from a front loading machine and works in a very similar fashion to the top loader with drop in bobbin, again, if you dismantle it, take care so you can put it all
back properly.
165ca5c.jpg FINISHING UP
GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT:
When you are certain there's no trapped lint in top tension or bobbin, set the top tension to 4 and the bobbin tension to a point where you just begin to feel resistance.

Try using good quality thread of contrasting colours so you can more easily spot the changes.

Set your zigzag to one width less than maximum (eg. 5 of 6 ...or... 4 of 5 etc) and sew a sample for a few inches and check the result.... adjust the bobbin tension screw very little at
a time, perhaps 1/16 of a turn.

You may find you are playing with this balance for some little while and if you are putting the needleplate on and off each time begin to think it cannot be correct to do this.....BUT....it is,
and eventually, you do get a "feel" for the correct tension and then it happens quite quickly.....as a user you won't be doing it very often unless there is lint built up (or are there small hands at work around the house !?!?!)

OTHER ISSUES:
If you live near the ocean as we do, salt air can play havoc with metalwork inside and out, so to help minimise this, keep a few small packets of dessicant (silica gel) in your machine
case....no case ? then make some sort of cover !

Same applies in any damp or humid environment, keep your machine dry and dust free.

Budget for a proper full service every couple of years (more often if heavily used) and if you don't use your machine for a few years, be aware that old oil will dry out and combining with
dust and form a "clag" like glue (another reason for some sort of cover, even a teatowel !)

FINALLY, A WORD ON THREAD:
If it is worth spending the time, energy and money on making something that you would like to give lasting enjoyment......use quality thread, .......it may seem to cost a little more at the
time, but the results, ease of use and added longevity will be worth the extra, and as a bonus, your tension troubles may be fewer and further between, because there is a more consistent diameter with good thread, and less compensating to be done by your tension plates and less thread breaks !

.bargainbox.com.au

Posted on Aug 02, 2009

WonderTech
  • 268 Answers

SOURCE: skipping stitches and knotting up underneath.

Hello,
Here are a few things to try.

* Raise your feed dogs if your machine has this feature.

* When you start to sew a seam, hold the upper and bobbin thread tails. Hold them back and out of the way as you sew your first couple of stitches. This will keep them from getting caught in your machine.



* Your fabric may require a different needle. Generally, heavier fabrics require larger needles and thinner fabrics, smaller needles. You may also need a larger needle if you’re sewing through many layers of fabric. And make sure to use a ballpoint needle for knit fabrics and a sharp needle for woven (or a universal needle for either). And make sure your needle is appropriate for the type of thread you’re using.


* Adjust the pressure of your pressure foot, it may be too light for your fabric.


* If your upper thread and bobbin threads are different types, try using the same thread for both. And use a good quality, brand name thread.



* Change your needle plate. Try switching to a needle plate with a smaller hole (a straight stitch needle plate).


Important Note: If you change your needle plate, check to make sure your needle aligns perfectly with this smaller hole before starting to sew. A misaligned needle could hit the plate and break, which could be dangerous. And make sure to change your needle plate back for zigzag and other wide stitches.

Hope this helps.

Posted on Sep 23, 2009

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1 Answer

My machine is skipping stiches it seems its not picking up from the bobbin


Install a brand new needle and confirm it is inserted with the flat side facing the proper direction.. A bent, damaged needle will sometimes cause skipped stitches or even needle strikes inside the machine. A new needle is the least expensive cure for a lot of sewing machine problems. The needle should be changed about every 8 hours of sewing or at least when starting a new project.

Remove the top thread. ALWAYS RAISE the presser foot and rethread from the beginning. Verify the thread path is correct.

Sometimes, skipped stitches will occur if the needle, thread, and fabric are incompatible. Be sure to use the correct needle for your project. Use a good quality thread--AVOID old or bargain bin thread!

If the machine continues to skip stitches, then it may be out of time. Search for sewing machine timing or take it for service.

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May 24, 2017 | Sewing Machines

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My machine keeps skipping stitches. I have had it werviced three times in the last n6 months, by two different repairmen, and it works for awhile, then starts backnup again. Any suggestions?


Usually, the first thing to try when a machine skips stitches is install a brand new needle. Also, be sure you are using the right type of needle for the fabric and thread you are using, ie ball point needle for knits, sharp needle for wovens, leather needle for thick fabrics/denim/leather... Needles do wear out with use, so changing needles frequently could be helpful. (Needles are the least expensive solution to most sewing problems!)

You can also try removing the upper thread. ALWAYS raise the presser foot and rethread from the beginning. Verify the thread path is correct.

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1 Answer

My pfaff hobbymatic 875 is skipping thread on the bobbin side


Be sure to use a brand new needle. If the needle is bent or damaged, it will frequently skip stitches. Also, if you are using the incorrect needle for the fabric & thread you are using, it will skip stitches, ie a ball point needle on woven fabric.
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3 Answers

Skipping stitches


Skipped stitches
1. A bent or dull needle
2. The wrong needle for your fabric
knit fabrics require a jersey or ballpoint tip. Most wovens do well with a universal tip, and specialty fibers, like leather or metallic, usually require specific needles.
3. Incorrect machine threading
4. Unbalanced needle thread tension
Start by making relatively small changes and run a test stitch to evaluate the impact. If you need to adjust the tension dial using woven cotton fabric with good quality all-purpose thread and a new needle
5.check the needle is inserted correctly. The needle needs to be pushed as far up the needle shaft as possible. It's easy to insert the needle half way, clamp it down and think it is inserted correctly.
the flat part of the needle should be positioned towards the back. If the needle is not inserted correctly, it will not be able to pull up the bobbin thread and will cause skipped stitches.
6. If the suggestions don't help then it is time for a tune-up.

May 17, 2016 | Singer Sewing Machines

1 Answer

My singer tradition 2250 won't stitch without dropping stitchs worse in zigzags or with Lycra, have tried dog foot also. Have tried altering tension makes it worse, you can hear it skipping stitches.


Have you tried a brand-new needle? Frequently, a bent, dull, or incorrect needle will cause skipped stitches.

Also, for sewing knits (lycra), be sure to use a ball-point needle. Likewise, use the appropriate needle for the thread & fabric you are sewing. Avoid using old or bargain bin threads.

All About Needles

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjawNi-zMvMAhUY52MKHbxmBzgQFggjMAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.schmetzneedles.com%2Flearning%2Fpdf%2Fschmetz-needle-chart.pdf&usg=AFQjCNHTR52AmqwzvyCjbXmD5Ch52Va5_Q

If it continues to be a problem, you may need to have it serviced for needle/hook timing.

..

May 08, 2016 | Singer Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Why is my singer 9015 skipping stitches, particularly on zig zag setting???


There are several possibilities for skipped stitches. A needle that is dull or bent; using a ball point needle when a sharp should be used, such as a woven fabric, the needle is not all the way up in the needle clamp; the needle was not inserted with the flat side in the correct position (unless your bobbin case is on the side of the machine, that's toward the back), or the top thread and or bobbin thread is not threaded correctly.

Sep 13, 2014 | Sewing Machines

2 Answers

Skipping stitches


Skipped stitches
1. A bent or dull needle
2. The wrong needle for your fabric
knit fabrics require a jersey or ballpoint tip. Most wovens do well with a universal tip, and specialty fibers, like leather or metallic, usually require specific needles.
3. Incorrect machine threading
4. Unbalanced needle thread tension
Start by making relatively small changes and run a test stitch to evaluate the impact. If you need to adjust the tension dial using woven cotton fabric with good quality all-purpose thread and a new needle
5.check the needle is inserted correctly. The needle needs to be pushed as far up the needle shaft as possible. It's easy to insert the needle half way, clamp it down and think it is inserted correctly.
the flat part of the needle should be positioned towards the back. If the needle is not inserted correctly, it will not be able to pull up the bobbin thread and will cause skipped stitches.
6. If the suggestions don't help then it is time for a tune-up.

Nov 19, 2013 | Singer 7256 Fashion Mate Sewing Machine

1 Answer

Coverlock skipped stitches


I'm assuming this is a domestic overlocker machine and not an industrial coverlock. Getting the coverlock stitch to sew out evenly without skipping can be problematic apparently with these.

First, if you are sewing a knit fabric, change the needles to ball points and see if this resolves it.

If not, I would suggest trying EX705 needles (assuming that your machine takes the regular domestic 130/705H needle system). The EX are just extra long scarf at the back which helps with securing the stitch on the underside. There is also a SUX needle, which is same long scarf but a stretch needle; for knits particularly those with elastane in them.

Thread wise, try Maxilock brand. You may find a wooly overlock thread on the underside works too.

Nov 09, 2011 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

It is a singer quantum futura ce 200 sewing and embroidery machine .the machine sews but incomplete,skipping and missing stiches. does not always bring up bottom thread . grrrrr---help, i want to sew


Sewing machine skips stitches
1.needle inserted incorrectly--flat side of the needle faces the shaft
round needle--groove of needle faces away from the shaft
2.Correct needle insertion is mandatory for proper use.
Raise the needle bar to the highest point, then loosen the clamp screw to remove the needle. Place the new needle in the clamp with the flat side of the needle facing the back of the machine.
If round needle--the groove in the needle faces away from the shaft
Push needle all the way up to the stop or as far as it will go.
3.possible bent needle--lay needle on flat surface & roll needle over, if the needle does not roll good -replace
4.blunt needle point--needle makes a popping sound when needle penetrates the fabric--replace needle
5.needle not all the way up in needle holder--loosen needle clamp screw & push the needle up until it stops then tighten screw
6.incorrect threading--one step missed in sequence of threading can cause machine to skip stitches
7.wrong needle in machine--check instruction manual--some machines can use a generic needle with no problem--some can't--
8.size of needle & thread not compatible--
Using the wrong type needle can cause problems,,
A needle to fine for heavy fabric can bend or break when it hit's the fabric
And a too large needle can make puncture holes in the fabric and pull unevenly while stitching

Sep 14, 2011 | Singer CE-200 Quantum Futura Computerized...

1 Answer

My athena is skipping stitches. It's new to me and


Has the needle become blunt/burred by striking a pin or just using it for a while? Blunt needle will cause skipping. A needle needs to be changed after 4-6 hours of sewing to obtain quality stitches and it is easy to forget and not change one. If you can hear squeaking or popping sounds this is often a blunt needle.

Or if you are sewing knit fabrics with a regular needle, this will also cause skipping as the needle will deflect off the stretch fabric fibres. You need to use a ball point needle for knits.

The other possibility is that the timing is out but if it was just checked out by a tech that is unlikely (Unlesss you've had a jam up and struck the needle onto a foot or something).

Start with the needle though, its the most important bit.

Sep 06, 2011 | Singer Sewing Machines

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