Question about Brother XL-5340 Mechanical Sewing Machine

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How do I remove the outside case for my Brother xl 5340.

I'm trying to remove the outside cover to my sewing machine to fix the turning wheel. Somewhere on the case it is still attached to the machine. I can't figure out how to remove the case.

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If you do that, you'll void the warranty on the machine. You may already have. If the "turning wheel" (handwheel) is stuck, then most likely either the machine has seized from lack of lubrication or thick lubricants, or you've got a heck of a thread jam going on in the bobbin case and feed dog area.

Posted on Apr 29, 2014


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Posted on Jan 02, 2017


SOURCE: Brother XL-5130 Sewing Machine

Put the thread through one of the holes. Then put the bobbin on the spindle. Pull about 3 or 4 inches out of the hole and hold on to it. Start winding the bobbin. After about ten turns, or when the winding thread is secure, you can stop the machine and cut off this 3 or 4 inch tail. To insure that the thread winds up and down the bobbin and not off the top or bottom, there is probably a metal bobbin tension disk that the thread must pass around before it goes to the bobbin. It is probably on the left of the machine and may or may not be part of a thread guide. The thread must pass around this disk on its way to the bobbin in order to put tension on the thread so it will wind properly. If you can't find the disk, which is a small metal button or screw with some type of somewhat moveable spring cap, you can just get the thread to pass through your thumb and forefinger. Hold your hand 6 or 8 inches to the left of the bobbin and pass the thread between your thumb and forefinger so that it makes the thread go in a direct straight line to the bobbin. Pinch the thread only enough to keep it taught but not tight and let it flow through your finger to the bobbin. The thread should go up and down evenly on the bobbin. If not, move your hand up or down to position it so the thread will wind up and down smoothly. It will not be necessary to move your hand once you find the correct position needed for winding.

Posted on Jul 20, 2007

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Posted on Jan 12, 2009

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SOURCE: Brother XL--2600 Sewing Machine not picking up Stitches at all!

Take the thread out, Take the needle plate out Watch as the needle comes comes down, make sure the hook is just above the eye of the the needle as it makes its pass by the scarf of the needle if not refer to my post on timing.

Posted on Jun 02, 2010

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Needle shaft stuck. Machine won't work.

It's possible that you have threads wound somewhere inside the machine. Likely places are the tension unit and near the hand wheel.

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The wheel won't turn on my singer sewing machine. And I know it not the motor. Thank you

If not the motor or wheel function - sounds like a threading/tension issue. For simple checks -1. You can try to unscrew the wheel counter-clockwise to remove and check for thread or something impeding the wheel tracking itself. 2. If this is not the case, check the thread has not broken off and tangled inside the front head cover where the threading guides are located. 3. Open bottom cover to check thread is not snagged on bobbin cover.

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Several things can keep your machine from turning. Thread can be jammed in the hook area, around the shaft by the hand wheel as well as near the take up lever. It is also possible you can have the machine in bobbin wind mode. That would be the first place to check.
Start with removing the bobbin then the bobbin case or bobbin basket.
Try to move the hand wheel back and forth as you do this. Then remove the cover that holds the hook in place. Remove the hook if this does not fix your machine you may need to take it in for service.

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Why is he hand wheel frozen

Obviously, something is preventing it from turning, and that could be something in the inside or the outside. First, make sure that your bobbin and bobbin case have been correctly inserted. Next, remove the cover over the thread path--it's usually removable to check for broken threads and cleaning--and it's either one or two screws. If it's one, it's at the back of the machine. If it's two, there's one in the side, usually covered by a white disk for cosmetic reasons. Press on one side of that disk with a flat blade screwdriver and the other side will pop out enough to remove it. If your bobbin is not jammed, it's probably threads that are preventing it from moving.

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1 Answer

How to remove the case to fix the turning wheel.

You don't, unless you don't mind voiding the warranty.
What's going on with the handwheel? Do you have thread wrapped around the shaft or something?

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Sewing machine is sewing slow

This could be for several reasons. I would try the easiest "fixes" first, such as: remove the needle plate and bobbin cover plate, and clean all lint from these areas, including between the feed dog teeth. Lint can quickly accumulate and bog the feed dogs from advancing correctly; oil all moving parts of your machine after removing the top covers, side covers, and the needle plate & bobbin cover plate as mentioned previously--oil anywhere in which metal moves against metal, but make sure you remove all lint or dried oil gunk first; check the belt of your machine to see if it is too tight if it was recently replaced--if it hasn't been replaced or adjusted in a long time, it would more than likely be too loose rather than too tight, but if too tight, it will bog the motor down by making the motor pulley too hard to turn; slowly turn the machine's hand wheel by hand without power with all of the covers off as previously stated and watch everywhere the machine moves--see if anything looks bent, is hitting something it shouldn't or making clanking or clacking noises somewhere as a part may be bent and rubbing somewhere, slowing-down the machine (and of course, if you know the machine has been dropped or damaged, something bent is highly likely which may require a repair tech); check your foot controller--is there something physically blocking the pedal from depressing completely?--these controllers also sometimes just need replaced, so as a test, you may borrow one to test on your machine and see if that helps; if your machine has a fast and slow sewing speed, make sure that setting is not governing the machine from sewing fast; check all of your power cords, plugs, and controller connections to make sure everything is plugged in securely, and maybe try your power plug in another outlet; and lastly, it could be your motor--the motor may need new brushes, some motors require a drop of oil now and then for the bearings (your manual should tell you this if so), or the commutator may have a common build-up of carbon residue that can be removed, and you may have just worn-out your motor that can be replaced. And as always, make sure you are using a new needle after encountering and hopefully fixing an issue.

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Refer to your owner's manual to better assist you in following these instructions.Remove the bobbin case. Release the hook cover by pushing the lever which is located at the top left side of where the bobbin case is inserted. After the cover pops open, remove the hook. Observe if the machine now moves freely. Clean the hook and the hook area with a toothbrush, removing all lint and debris. Place one small drop of sewing machine oil on the rim of the hook. Replace the hook into the raceway and close the cover. Replace the bobbin case and test sew.

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Try taking off the cover and then use a hair dryer pointed at the reverse mechanism, it may be stuck. Also oil according to your manual. If you cannot find your manual, go to and download a free one.

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