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The thread tension isn't right. What are the factory setting?

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Model 3434D. Why does lower looper thread keep breaking?

Usually thread breakage is due to incorrect threading or tension set too tight. When thread breaks, the Best Course of Action is to clip all the threads between the thread tree and the tension disks, Raise the presser foot, and pull all the threads down and out. (Never pull threads up through the tension disks.)

RAISE the presser foot, rethread each and every thread in the order specified in the manual and confirm that each thread path is correct. Grasp each thread between the thread tree and the tension disk with one hand and with the other hand grasp the thread below the tension disk and give a little tug to make sure each is seated firmly in the tension disk. Also on most machines, the lower looper thread must drape over the the upper looper before being pulled under the presser foot.

Lower the presser foot and set each tension guide to the midway point (the factory standard) and retest.

Usually, rethreading only the broken thread will fail. (For some reason, sergers are very finicky.) Just bite the bullet and rethread each and every thread.

Feb 22, 2016 | Janome Sewing Machines

2 Answers

The bottom thread is real loopy. I have adjusted the top tension and it helps a bit but still to loose

Remove all the thread from your machine. Install a brand new needle. Raise the presser foot and re-thread the upper thread, making sure you are following the correct threading sequence. Confirm that the bobbin thread is threaded through the bobbincase properly. Now, perform another test stitch. Is the bobbin thread still looping?

If you have already tightened the upper thread tension and the bobbin tension is still too loose, then you may need to tighten the bobbin tension. First, mark with a permanent marker where the slash of the screw head meets the bobbin case. This will mark where the screw was originally set before you begin making adjustments and allows you to return the screw to that position should you need to.

Set the upper tension to the halfway point between the high & low number. This is what would normally be the standard.

Then gently turn the bobbin tension screw to the right 1/8th of a turn at a time. Then test. Keep adjusting until the bobbin thread tension is correct. The tensions are correct when the upper thread and the bobbin thread meet in the middle of the fabric.


Nov 15, 2015 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

I can not get the tension right - the manual is not helpful at all - please help?

Be sure to RAISE the presser foot BEFORE threading the upper tension. This releases the tension disks so the thread will seat properly.

Start out with the upper tension set at the mid-point. This is generally the factory setting. Then test and adjust. If the thread shows loops under the fabric, the upper tension is too loose. If the bobbin thread is showing on the top of the fabric, the upper tension is too tight. Test and adjust until the top and bottom threads meet in the middle of the fabric.


Sep 17, 2015 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Brother entrepreneur pro 1000 reset thread tensions to factory defaults

try ignoring the factor default tension setting and try the simple method of pulling the thread through the tension plates
just before threading the needle, pull on the thread and there should be a resistance to pulling the thread
now adjust the tension up or down to get the two threads to meet at the center of the materials

Jun 29, 2017 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

The thread loops under the fabric

Your machine isn't threaded correctly... or the needle isn't the right size, or the top tension is too loose.

Sep 17, 2012 | White Sewing 1521

1 Answer

I have a husquavarna 875. the thread is jamming in behind the bobbin. i have re threaded, changed the bobbin and cleaned the bobbin area of any lint or thread. any ideas?

Is the top thread coming down in the rotary hook and then jamming? if so, review the top tension and top threading and see if you've missed a thread eye somewhere, particularly the thread take up lever or if the thread is actually under enough tension on top.

You can test the top tension by lower the pressure foot and then pulling the thread downwards after its feed through the tension device, it should feel firm but give to a firm tug.

If this isn't happening, try rethreading it, cleaning it out and adjusting top tension to get it firmer. Generally 4 is a good setting so just make sure it hasn't been adjusted inadvertently.

There is also good trouble shooting help at which may help you to identify what's causing this problem. Check also that the bobbin is the correct one for your machine, and in and rotating in the right direction. But if it is the top thread jamming into the bobbin race its probably top tension.

Aug 02, 2011 | Husqvarna Sewing Machines

1 Answer

The tenison not right the thread bird nest under the fabric

check that the top thread is under tension, sounds like it isn't.

Always thread up the top with the pressure foot raised as this opens up the tension device allowing the thread to seat into it properly.

Rethread the top, down to the needle bar, lower the pressure foot and pull the thread, it should feel firm to you.

If this isn't happening at all with the pressure foot down, then tension device is faulting and needs to be serviced by technician.

Jun 16, 2011 | Singer 4830

1 Answer

Hi iam not sure how explain my problem with my sewing machine.when i try to sew the strings does not comes stright. it gets messed up the top comes ok but the bottom of the layer comes out all strings...

If I'm understanding the problem right it sounds like you have no tension on the bobbin. Take it out and see if the thread has any resistance when you pull it out. If you hold it up by thel thread and let it dangle and it just drops to the floor the tension isn't right. Check and make sure it is threaded correctly and tighten the tension. Test it again and when you dangle it, it should drop a bit with resistance when you hold it by the thread.

Also check that the top tension isn't too tight, but in this case it is more likely that the bobbin is too loose. And check to see if the dogfeed (the teeth that comes through the plate opening under the needle) is up and moving the material through the presser foot. If the material isn't moving at all it will sort of stitch "in one place" which will give you a bunch of threads all knotted up underneath. If those underneath threads are loopy that is a sign the bobbin thread is too loose (tension too loose)

Apr 21, 2011 | Kenmore 15516 Mechanical Sewing Machine

2 Answers


Okie Dokie..... Here's the way I see it.. The repair center was of little or no help to you . So, I will try to do my best..
First thing you need to do is unthread your machine and set the tension to 4.. Rethread the machine up to just before the needle.
When you get that far, put the presser foot down. If your thread pulls right thru easily, it is not threaded thru the tension wheel right. It your thread is hard to pull thru with the presser foot down, then it is threaded right.

General rule of thumb..
Loops on the bottom-- problem on the top
loops on the top--- problem on the bottom.
Hope this helps..

Dec 15, 2008 | White Sewing 2037 Mechanical Sewing...

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