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How do I find out how many stitches in between the decreases for a different size than what is in the instructions

How do I find out how many stitches to count between the decrease in making a hat

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Please take the one waste cloth and try to stitch and ask to your teacher or experience tailor.

Posted on Feb 08, 2014

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

bargainbox
  • 1388 Answers

SOURCE: My problem is the stitch on the top is loose.

Lint or thread caught in the Bobbin Case spring......check all about tension here below. Please TRY the solution BEFORE giving your considered rating.
Specific detail on bobbin case adjustment (with picture) near halfway down reply, the remainder will help you achieve a balance of top and bottom tensions.

Ensure that all is clean and free of lint and jams, this is the most likely cause....now for tension troubleshooting .......

This solution is for tension problems...if you cannot form any sort of stitch, the issue is quite different, so please let me know if you need a different problem solved.....

It is quite long, but just work through each section in order.

The "knotting up" can reveal a lot. If you have loose threads on one side or the other, the tension on the opposite side will be the culprit.

QUICK SUMMARY FIRST:
Ensure sharp new needle,
Thread guides and Bobbin are Clean & Clear of lint
Set Top Tesion to 4 ....then....
Balance Bobbin to suit.

TOP THREAD TENSION:
If the looping threads are on the underside as you sew, it is the top tension. Top tension ought to be between 4 & 6 (this variation to allow for the different weights of fabric in your projects).

IS YOUR NEEDLE SHARP ?
If you are using a needle that has seen quite a deal of work, or you suspect it may be blunt, change it for a new one !

TOP TENSION & GUIDES:
Make sure that when you thread the machine the presser foot is up so the thread goes between the discs and not to one side, top tension between 4 and 6, and that you have threaded through all the guides, including the last one, usually on the needle arm, just above the needle clamp.

It may be there is lint trapped between the discs, this will keep them slightly apart and reduce the actual tension, sometimes dramatically.

If tensions appear correct, and the thread is definitely in the channel between the discs, but still too loose and looping, try raising presser foot and remove your thread.

Now, with a 2" (50mm) wide strip piece of fabric 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) moistened with methylated or denatured spirit, gently insert the fabric strip and clean between the discs with a see saw / to and fro action.

In the worst cases, gentle use of a needle to pick & remove the jam may be necessary, but be very gentle and make sure the tension is set at Zero and the presser foot is raised, (to disengage tension plates).... do not gouge or score the plates, they need a polished surface to work correctly.

BOBBIN TENSION:
Far less common, but if the loose threads are on the top, it is bobbin tension that is loose, it too may have lint in the spring and be giving a "false" tension.

I would not recommend fiddling with bobbin tension without good reason, it may end up with missing small screws and spring pieces, however, you can take the needle plate off to clean
the hook race area (where bobbin case sits)

...this is just good housekeeping, my wife does this every time she replaces the bobbin....

just take it out and clean the bobbin case and the fixed metal hook race with a small brush to remove lint. If there is a significant amount of lint, use a vacuum and small brush to get the worst.

Then wipe all this area with a cloth or cotton bud (Q tip) moistened (not soaked) with methylated spirit, especially if there appears to be fine dirty deposits....oil and lint combine to conspire against you.

If it seems likely that you ......really ....do .....actually .....need .....to adjust the bobbin case, first check there is no lint trapped in the metal spring where the thread is tensioned.

TOP LOADER:
Drop-in Bobbin case will look similar to this image with the tension screw in the middle of the metalwork....

4c76dc1.jpg ...the other screw at one end is holding it all together, so beware....it is not a tragedy to undo the whole lot and clean it, but very gingerly and lay the bits out in sequence and orientation, or you risk tearing your hair out !

FRONT LOADER:
....this is a bobbin case from a front loading machine and works in a very similar fashion to the top loader with drop in bobbin, again, if you dismantle it, take care so you can put it all
back properly.
165ca5c.jpg FINISHING UP
GETTING THE BALANCE RIGHT:
When you are certain there's no trapped lint in top tension or bobbin, set the top tension to 4 and the bobbin tension to a point where you just begin to feel resistance.

Try using good quality thread of contrasting colours so you can more easily spot the changes.

Set your zigzag to one width less than maximum (eg. 5 of 6 ...or... 4 of 5 etc) and sew a sample for a few inches and check the result.... adjust the bobbin tension screw very little at
a time, perhaps 1/16 of a turn.

You may find you are playing with this balance for some little while and if you are putting the needleplate on and off each time begin to think it cannot be correct to do this.....BUT....it is,
and eventually, you do get a "feel" for the correct tension and then it happens quite quickly.....as a user you won't be doing it very often unless there is lint built up (or are there small hands at work around the house !?!?!)

OTHER ISSUES:
If you live near the ocean as we do, salt air can play havoc with metalwork inside and out, so to help minimise this, keep a few small packets of dessicant (silica gel) in your machine
case....no case ? then make some sort of cover !

Same applies in any damp or humid environment, keep your machine dry and dust free.

Budget for a proper full service every couple of years (more often if heavily used) and if you don't use your machine for a few years, be aware that old oil will dry out and combining with
dust and form a "clag" like glue (another reason for some sort of cover, even a teatowel !)

FINALLY, A WORD ON THREAD:
If it is worth spending the time, energy and money on making something that you would like to give lasting enjoyment......use quality thread, .......it may seem to cost a little more at the
time, but the results, ease of use and added longevity will be worth the extra, and as a bonus, your tension troubles may be fewer and further between, because there is a more consistent diameter with good thread, and less compensating to be done by your tension plates and less thread breaks

bargainbox.com.au

Posted on Aug 02, 2009

SOURCE: the stitches from my toyota sp20 start at the correct size but within a few inches they start to decrease in size and end up tiny

sounds like something is wrong with the gear & needs to be serviced

Posted on Feb 21, 2012

SOURCE: brother limited edision ls 2250 prw stitch is very loose and unable to correct

here is a free manual for the machine

http://www.brother-usa.com/ModelDocuments/Consumer/Users%20Manual/UM_LS2250PRW_ENES_2733.PDF

the machine may need to be checked to see if there is something
wrong with the tension knob

Posted on Nov 20, 2012

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1 Answer

Decreasing single crochet stitches


There are several ways of decreasing crochet stitches, but the pattern should indicate what stitches to use. The most common (or easiest) is to yarn over in the first stitch (do NOT pull the rest of the stitch through) and then yarn over into the second stitch and pull the final stitch through both yarn overs.


How to Decrease Single Crochet dummies

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Slip slip knit or SSK is a basic way to decrease stitches. It makes a decrease that slants to the left and is often paired with knit two together, which is a right-slanting decrease.

To execute this decrease, slip the first stitch as if to knit, slip the second stitch as if to knit, then slide the left-hand needle into the front part of both stitches and knit them together.

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What is:g/knit_two_tog.htm ???


knitting instruction, knit two together is a way to decrease the number of stitches, you put the needle through two stitches, wrap the wool around to make a stitch and pull the loop through making a new stitch.
How to Knit Two Stitches Together eHow

Feb 09, 2014 | Sewing Machines

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I am knitting a hat that is smaller than the instructions call for . How do I determine the amount of repeat stiches between the decreases for the crown


you could just use a smaller needle and use the pattern as is..to determine the repeats,look at the the pattern and see how many repeats they have in it.decrease one st per repeat all the around..

Feb 08, 2014 | Sewing Machines

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I am not sewing i am knitting


i usually knit until the size i want..then divide the stitches by the largest number you can get..place markers between the stitch number you came out to..do this on a knit row before decreasing so you can be prepared for the following row.once you reach the markers k2tog and knit till marker and repeat around...

Feb 08, 2014 | Sewing Machines

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My bobbin stitch is loose. I have tried adjusting tension and have changed the needle.


A. To correct loose stitches, try the following: (1) Balance the thread tension. If the stitches are loose on top of the fabric, decrease the tension to the next lower number. If they are loose on the underside set the tension to the next higher number. (2) Make sure the needle/upper thread follows the threading path. (3) Check to see that the bobbin case is threaded properly. (4) Use a different size needle. For fine fabrics, use a smaller needle (size 9, 11); medium-weight fabrics require a size 14 or 16. And use a size 18 or "Denim" needle for heavy corduroy or denim.

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Not making stitch


a.gif Dear Joan,

On the top of the machine there is a button. Push the button while turning the handwheel toward you. When the button drops into the machine, you are ready to adjust the length. Keep holding the button in the machine and turn the handwheel forwards or backwards, noting the numbers on the inside of the handwheel. Turning the handwheel to the back decreases the size of the stitch, and turning the handwheel forward decreases the size of the stitch. Release the button and then begin to s

Apr 09, 2009 | Juki Sewing Machines

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How do I change the stiches?


You can do all of these stitches by using different combinations of your stitch selector, stitch width and stitch feed knobs, for instance, on the panel I can see on your machine:

http://www.jo-ann.com/joann/product/images/52659.jsp?CATID=cat3122&PRODID=prd11333

Stitches 1, 2 & 3 are straight stitches, centered, left and right. Really basic stuff, not different stitches at all. 4,5,6,7 & 8 are zig-zag stitches of different widths. 9 is the widest zig-zag (no. 8) on a finer stitch length, etc...

I think you should try and get an instruction manual for your machine. After a lengthy search of my usual manual sources, I've determined that that this may not be so easy. I think you should contact White on their 800 number and let them try and help you... 1-800-331-3164.

If you found this helpful, please vote generously as I receive nothing other than acknowledgement for my time.

Mar 07, 2008 | White Sewing 1418 Mechanical Sewing...

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