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Problem with pc

After switching on the computer it doesnt log in, instead an error screen appears witch says a hive(file) is corrupt or not found the file is system32/configu/software

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Here is the solution right from Microsoft.

 

SYMPTOMS
When you try to start or restart your Windows XP-based computer, you may receive one of the following error messages:

Windows XP could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM

Windows XP could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt: \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SOFTWARE

Stop: c0000218 {Registry File Failure} The registry cannot load the hive (file): \SystemRoot\System32\Config\SOFTWARE or its log or alternate

CAUSE
This issue can occur if the System or Software hive for the Windows XP installation is missing or damaged.

RESOLUTION
To resolve this issue, use one of the following methods.

Use the Recovery Console Tool
To restore a damaged registry hive, use the Recovery Console to restore the backup copy of the hive from the Repair folder. The Repair folder contains a copy of the system's registry hives that were created after the first successful startup of Windows XP.

WARNING : Although data should not be affected by the following procedure, you may need to restore changes you previously made to programs or system settings since the first time you successfully started Windows XP.

To replace the damaged registry hive and restore the backup copy of the hive from the Repair folder: Start your computer to the Recovery Console.

Determine if the file that is mentioned in the "Symptoms" section of this article is present, and if it is, rename it:

In Recovery Console, change to the c:\Windows folder.

Type cd sytem32\config , and then press ENTER.

Type dir system , and then press ENTER.

If you cannot run the preceding command successfully (because the file is missing), skip to step 3. If you can run the preceding command successfully, type ren system system.bak , and then press ENTER.

NOTE : If the message that you received referred to the software file, replace "system" with "software" in the preceding command. For example, you would type ren software software.bak (instead of ren system system.bak ), and then press ENTER.

Type copy c:\windows\repair\system , and then press ENTER.

NOTE : If the message that you received referred to the software file, replace "system" with "software" in the preceding command. For example, you would type copy c:\windows\repair\software (instead of copy c:\windows\repair\system ), and then press ENTER.

You should receive a "One file copied" informational message. For additional information about how to use Recovery Console during startup, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Q307654 HOW TO: Install and Use the Recovery Console for Windows XP


IMPORTANT : If you encounter problems when you run the preceding commands, you may need to use the Change Directory command ( cd ) one folder at a time before you run the preceding commands. For example, type cd system32 , press ENTER, type cd config , and then press ENTER.

Type exit , and then press ENTER to quit Recovery Console and restart the computer.

Posted on Oct 23, 2007

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Which means some of ur system file is correcpted>and u need to change the firdt boot device to CD-ROM-and insert the mother board cd>and if its works fine>and or conatct any home technician >to change the boot device while turn on the pc press del and keep pressing it and u can change the boot device rate me solved if its help full

Posted on Oct 23, 2007

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SOURCE: problem with pc

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/822705

Posted on Nov 13, 2007

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1 Answer

My Gateway file c0000218 registry failure the registry cannot load the hive /SystemRoot/System/32/Config/System or its log or alternate is. It is corrupt, absent or, not writable.


it sounds like you have a bad sector on the part of the hard drive containing this file. you need to let chkdsk complete the scan as it may be able to recover the corrupt file and isolate the bad sector so its not used again.
if this works backup the system as your hard drive may be failing.

Mar 09, 2012 | Gateway MT6821 Notebook

Tip

Boot problems and their possible causes & resolutions


Symptoms:
Black screen
"Invalid Partition Table"
"Error loading operating system"
"Missing operating system"


Cause:
Corrupt Master Boot Record (MBR)

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixmbr" to repair the MBR

--

Symptoms:
"A disk read error occurred"
"NTLDR is missing"
"NTLDR is compressed"


Cause:
Corrupt boot sector

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "fixboot" to repair the boot sector

--

Symptoms:
"BOOT.INI is missing or corrupt"
"Boot device inaccessible"
"Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
<Windows root>\system32\hal.dll"


Cause:
BOOT.INI missing, corrupt or out of date as a partition has been inserted

Resolution:
Boot into Recovery Console and run "bootcfg /rebuild" to repair the BOOT.INI

--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM"


Cause:
Corrupt/missing system hive

Resolution:
1. Boot into Recovery Console and run "chkdsk C: /f" to check the system disk for errors and fix them, then reboot.
2. If the error continues and System Restore is enabled, copy the system hive from the last restore point into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
3. If the error continues, copy the system hive from \WINDOWS\REPAIR into \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG
4. If the error continues, perform a repair installation by booting from the Windows installation media


--

Symptoms:
"Windows could not start because of a computer disk hardware configuration problem.
Could not read from the selected boot disk, Check boot path and disk hardware."


Cause:
Boot volume (with Windows folder) is not accessible as defined in BOOT.INI

Resolution:
Check the boot volume is accessible

--

Symptoms:
Dual-boot 32-bit Windows and 64-bit Windows system reports "NTOSKRNL.EXE is corrupt" trying to boot into 64-bit Windows

Cause:
System volume contains an older boot loader than the boot volume requires - e.g. XP SP2 installed after XP x64

Resolution:
Copy NTDETECT.COM and NTLDR from XP x64 installation media to the root of the system volume

on May 03, 2010 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Hp pavilion a1102n winxp home. Blue screen after win splash logo, flashes too fast to read. 2x256mb. Dial up modem. Tried: removing modem, removing front usb FireWire media card slots. Removing one or...


Dear,
I saw your video and check the blue screen error. It comes for a friction of second and disappears but i kept my media player in slow motion mode and checked it. This error belongs to a missing registry file.
PERFORM THIS PROCEDURE for recovery.

A Stop 0xc0000218 error message means that a necessary registry hive file could not be loaded. This error message can occur if the file is corrupt or missing. To resolve this issue, you can reinstall the operating system and restore the registry files from a backup. The registry files may have been corrupted because of hard disk corruption or some other hardware problem.

This error message can also occur if the driver has corrupted the registry data while loading into memory, or the memory where the registry is loading has a parity error. In the latter case, turn off the external cache and check the memory chips.

To resolve this issue, follow these steps:
  1. Start your computer by running the Recovery Console, run the chkdsk /p command on the drive, and then restart your computer. Test to determine whether the issue is resolved. If the issue is resolved, do not complete the remaining steps. If the issue is not resolved, go to step 2.
  2. When Windows loads, press SPACE BAR when the "Load Last Known Good" message appears.
  3. Complete a parallel installation, and restore the registry files from a tape backup. To do so:
    • Reinstall Windows in a separate folder.
    • Restore the damaged registry hive from backup. This procedure is specific to the backup application that you used to make a backup. Consult the documentation of your backup application or consult the vendor if you need assistance. Typically, this procedure requires you to restore a system state backup to an alternate location, and then copy the appropriate registry files to the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\config folder of the damaged operating system.
    • If you do not have a tape backup, include the backup of network servers and production workstations.
    NOTE: If Windows is stored on a FAT partition, you can restore the files by using another computer and by copying the registry hive files to the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\Config subfolder.
best of luck!

Mar 07, 2012 | HP Computers & Internet

1 Answer

Error stop c0000218 registry file failure. reistry cannot load the hive file \systemroot\system32\config\default or its log or laternate its corrupt absent or not writable and it dumping physical memory


Severe Windows corruption - the file that keeps all the configuration settings is missing or corrupted.
If you don't have a backup of the registry then you will have to reinstall Windows.

Apr 18, 2011 | Computers & Internet

1 Answer

My laptop will not boot, instead it goes to a blue screen that states it is not able to access the hive.


I think this is the exact error : Stop: c0000218 {Registry File Failure} The registry cannot load the hive (file): \SystemRoot\System32\Config\SOFTWARE or its log or alternate

CAUSE
This issue can occur if the System or Software hive for the Windows XP installation is missing or damaged.

RESOLUTION:

To resolve this issue, please follow one of the following methods.

Use the Recovery Console Tool:


To restore a damaged registry hive, use the Recovery Console to restore the backup copy of the hive from the Repair folder. The Repair folder contains a copy of the system's registry hives that were created after the first successful startup of Windows XP.

WARNING : Although data should not be affected by the following procedure, you may need to restore changes you previously made to programs or system settings since the first time you successfully started Windows XP.

To replace the damaged registry hive and restore the backup copy of the hive from the Repair folder: Start your computer to the Recovery Console. You need your original XP CD, boot your PC from the CD and press R when it say 'Press 'R' to use recovery console.


In Recovery Console, change to the c:\Windows folder.

Type cd system32\config , and then press ENTER.

Type dir system , and then press ENTER.

If you cannot run the preceding command successfully (because the file is missing), skip to step 3. If you can run the preceding command successfully, type ren system system.bak , and then press ENTER.

Type copy c:\windows\repair\system , and then press ENTER.

NOTE : If the message that you received referred to the software file, replace "system" with "software" in the preceding command. For example, you would type copy c:\windows\repair\software (instead of copy c:\windows\repair\system ), and then press ENTER.

You should receive a "One file copied" informational message. For additional information about how to use Recovery Console during startup, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Q307654 HOW TO: Install and Use the Recovery Console for Windows XP

IMPORTANT : If you encounter problems when you run the preceding commands, you may need to use the Change Directory command ( cd ) one folder at a time before you run the preceding commands. For example, type cd system32 , press ENTER, type cd config , and then press ENTER.

Type exit , and then press ENTER to quit Recovery Console and restart the computer.

i understand this looks a litle daunting, please get back to me if you have any trouble with this.

Oct 16, 2010 | Sony Computers & Internet

2 Answers

When i turn it on i get this screen asking how iw ant to start it, safe mode, normally, command prompt, or last known good config. any of em i entered it would boot up showing the microsoft windows XP...


this is a known problem with Windows XP. it occurs as a result of a corruption within the Registry hive.

A very thorough and complete set of instructions can be found here- http://xphelpandsupport.mvps.org/how_do_i_repair_a_stop.htm

follow the instructions to resolve your issue.

//javaftper

Aug 01, 2010 | Dell Inspiron 8100 Notebook

2 Answers

Blue screen: Stop: c0000218 {Registry File


Hi.

You would have to have the operating system repaired or completely re-installed.


Please rate me. Thank You.

Apr 16, 2009 | Acer Aspire 5315 Notebook

1 Answer

STOP: C0000218 {Registry File Failure} The registry cannot load the hive (file):\System Root\System32\Config\SECURITY or its log or alternate. It is corrupt, absent, or not writable.


to fix the problem, you need the Installation cd, put it in, start the setup, and enter repair console when the first blue menu comes up.

In repair console, your going to have to copy the windows\repair directory to system32\config

to fix the problem.


After the files have been copyed, Well maybe might be better if you only copy the SECURITY file. so no login details get changed.


Then restart the pc and see if it worked. If not your going to have to perform a repair installation from the xp cd.

If you need more asistance, let me know. Good luck.

Mar 29, 2008 | Microsoft Windows Server Standard 2003 for...

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