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How to clean the hook race - New Home Sewing Machines

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I use a hooked plastic scraper followed by a cotton bud soaked in machine oil

Posted on Feb 21, 2014

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Putting oil in my sewing machine

Take out the bobbin and then release the hook retainer (black plastic part that the bobbin goes into), but pressing the catch on the inside left-hand-side of the bobbin door. The hook retainer should then drop and the hook can be taken out. Clean around the inside of the hook race (the circular metal part of the chassis that the hook fits in) using a cotton bud and make sure that the small groove that runs around the inside of the hook race is completely clean. Take your oil dropper and put a single drop of oil at the bottom of the hook race - you should see it 'wick' around the groove slightly - this tells you you've put it in the right place. Replace the hook, making sure its properly seated and press the hook retainer back into place firmly until the catch on the left clicks. Rotate the handwheel once to ensure that the oil is distributed and replace the bobbin. You're advised to make sure the needl is returned to the correct position for the automatic threader to work, either by pressing the needle up/down button twice or dabbing the foot controller so a complete revolution is done by the machine. You should oil the hook race every 3-5 bobbins-worth of thread. Hope that helps.

Mar 22, 2012 | Sewing Machines

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My mother has a bernina 1008 and now that we have taken the bobbin casing out to clean it won't catch when threaded. Any ideas?

Are you threading the bobbin case correctly - the bobbin should rotate clockwise when pulling the thread out under the tension spring. Are you ensuring that the bobbin case is firmly clicked back into position when replacing it. Check your needle is OK. Did you remove the hook from the hook race when cleaning out - have you oiled the hook race ?

Jan 22, 2012 | Bernina Sewing Machines

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Where to oil my singer 2263 ?

The 2263 only needs oil on the hook race (below the bobbin case). The complete cleaning procedure for this area is, with the needle fully up, remove the bobbin case and rotate the arms that hold the hook outwards. Remove the hook cover and the hook. Wipe the area under the hook cover and hook with a soft cloth. Put 1-2 drops of sewing machine oil just to the right of the center of this area. Rotate the hand wheel until the hook race is on the left side of the bobbin area. Then replace the hook and hook cover. Snap the arms back towards the center and insert the bobbin in the bobbin case.

With the bobbin out and the needle up, you should also unscrew the faceplate and wipe the feed dogs with your machine brush. (For best results, clean this before you oil. If you do not do this first, you may brush lint and bits of thread into the hook race and risk jamming this part.)

For pictures, see .

I hope this helps.

Cindy Wells

Dec 09, 2011 | Singer Sewing Machines

2 Answers

My Activa 130 makes a clacking sound when I sew. It is 10 years old. What do you think is wrong? Can I repair this or do I need to take it to be serviced?

I would take it to a Bernina repairman, nice machine and well worth getting it serviced by a qualified technician.

I presume that you've tried the obvious things like a new needle and checking the bobbin case is in correctly.

Sep 03, 2011 | Bernina Activa 130

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I took out the inner workings of the bobbin holder underneath the machine to try to clean out some clogged up thread, but I can't seem to get it back together. Suggestions?

You should have 3 pieces that make up the parts of the hook and bobbin case that you can take out to clean. 1 the bobbin case, 2 the race ring, 3 the hook. The easiest way to reinstall the hook and race ring is to tilt the machine and lay it on it's back. If you have the bobbin door open, and you rotate the handwheel and look inside the hook area, you will see the driver rotating back and forth. You want to set the hook inside the hook housing facing opposite the driver. As if your putting two halves together. Next install the race ring, shinny side out. Most of the rings have a nipple at the bottom that fits into a slot in the hook housing. Next lock the race ring in place with the 2 black or chrome arms that you swing inward. All you do next is install the bobbin case. Your done.

May 01, 2011 | White Sewing 1755 Mechanical Sewing...

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I have two maintenance questions: 1) Is it okay to clean it using canned air? 2) Should I oil it periodically and if so where? I have a Virtuosa 160. Thanks for your assistance. Becky

I'd advise against using canned air, because unless you aim it very carefully, you'll most-likely blow the fluff and lint into the machine rather than out, which will lead to long-term poor performance. Use the provided brush to brush out fluff and lint and always make sure you brush it towards you so that it comes-out through the open bobbin door ... never brush away from you otherwise you'll just brush it into the machine. To oil, remove the hook/shuttle, clean the hook race thoroughly and preferably with a cotton bud, making sure that the groove that runs around the inside of the hook race is clean and not full of debris. Put a single drop of the correct Bernina oil into the hook race so that the oil runs around in that groove, replace the hook/shuttle and give the handwheel a turn to distribute the oil. Replace the bobbin case and job done. Now, remember this ... dont wait until your machine comes-up with the 'oil' symbol before you do it again ... you should be cleaning and oiling the hook race every 3-5 bobbins-worth of thread - if you do that, your machine will sound quieter, will produce much better quality stitch formation and will last a great deal longer between services (you do have it serviced dont you ???!!!).

Mar 05, 2011 | Bernina Virtuosa 160

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Where is the shuttle race on a Bernina Artista 180? I'd like to be exact as to where to put the drop of oil.

Just to the left of the bobbin case you will see a small lever. Remove the bobbin case and push the lever and that will release the latch which holds the race cover and shuttle (hook).

Clean well with a toothbrush and place one small drop of oil on the edge of the hook where it makes contact with the raceway. Place the hook back and snap the race cover back on.

Oct 01, 2009 | Bernina Artista 180

2 Answers

Can't reassemble shuttle hook and shuttle race

the hook driver (still in machine) is 1/2 moon shape. The hook is also 1/2 moon shape. If you set the machine on its back, it's easier. Set the hook 1/2 into the other 1/2 of the hook driver to make a circle. Then put the hook cover on (machine still on its back) with the tabs for the twist locks pointed out. Needle gaurd to the top of the machine. Snap the twist locks in place and viola!

Mar 16, 2009 | Baby Lock BL1556

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