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Re: bobbin not taking up the thread
Thread the needle and pull out 6" of thread, hold the end of the thread, leaving the foot up, cycle the needle down and back up, you should have a loop of thread appearing under the foot and over the needle thread.
Slide something between the foot and the plate,from left to right this should pull the bottom thread up.
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Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the balance wheel towards you (anti-clockwise) and raise the presser foot lever.
Open the shuttle cover behind the extension table on the the front of the machine and remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch towards you and pulling it out of the shuttle race. (fig A).
Unwind about 10cm (4") of the thread from a full bobbin and insert it into the bobbin case. (see fig B-1). Pull the trailing thread into the slot then down and to the left, as shown in fig B-2, until it enters the delivery eye under the tension spring (fig B-3).
Holding the bobbin case by the latch, fully insert the bobbin case into the shuttle race and release the latch. Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the race as shown in fig C.
Upper thread breaks
1.needle may be in backwards
Correct needle insertion
Correct needle insertion is mandatory for proper use of sewing machine.
Raise the needle bar to the highest point, then loosen the clamp screw to remove the old needle, place the new needle in the clamp with the flat side to the back of the machine or if using a round needle--the groove in the needle should face away from the shaft.
Push the needle all the way up to the stop or as far as it will go, then tighten the needle clamp screw
2.upper tension may be to tight--try 3 to 5
3.the needle may be bent or damaged--try rolling the needle on a flat surface to see if it's bent or not
4.thread may be hanging up in bobbin case--check area for loose threads or lint
Lower thread breaks
The most probable cause of lower thread breaking is improperly wound bobbin
1.always start with a empty bobbin
Never wind one color over the other
2.choose thread that is identical in color & type as the one to be used for upper threading
3.wind the bobbin evenly across & in layers
4.don't wind the bobbin so full that it would be tight & hard to insert into bobbin case
6.lint built up in the bobbin case--frequent cleanings will eliminate this problem, the more often you use the sewing machine the more often it needs to be cleaned
7.thread catching on the bobbin spring or latch on bobbin case, check to see that the bobbin is inserted completely & correctly, & that you are using the right kind of bobbin
also check the thread take up lever to make sure the thread has not come off of it cause that can make the machine jam up also
Clean out the bobbin area if there are any thread tangles there.
Refer to the maintenance section of the manual - see the configuration of the bobbin case and shuttle race? The bobbin case as an extending arm and the race a notch. When inserting the bobbin case into the shuttle, turn the handwheel so the needle is at it's highest position. Then lift the lever on the back of the bobbin case and insert the cast into the shuttle, arm pointing straight up toward the bed of the sewing machine.
Now thread the machine with the presser foot up - always - and see if the tangling stops.
When you forget to lift the presser foot before threading the machine, the tension control does not open to capture the thread. Then when you begin to sew, the top thread has no tension, and the bobbin thread, which does have tension, pulls the top thread to the bottom in messy loops.
rethread the machine getting every thread guide
check the thread tension 3 or 4 is usually good
Change needle--make sure the flat side is toward the back of the machine & that it's insert as high as it will go--make sure the needle bar is raised to it's highest position
Clean under needle plate where feed dogs are for lint
Clean bobbin area for lint or loose threads
Rethread machine top thread make sure to get every thread guide
& bobbin that the bobbin is wound correctly & put into the bobbin case or shuttle correctly
here a tip about needle & thread compatability
Cut 6-8 inch piece of thread of the spool you are going to use for your project
Take the needle you are going to use for the project
& insert the thread thru the eye of the needle
& lift one end of the thread to a 45 degree angle
& if the needle is the right size for the thread it will slide down the thread
But if the needle hangs on the thread you need one size larger needle for the thread
Lift the lever on the back of the bobbin case and hold it open as you insert the case into the shuttle; arm on the case pointing up. You may have to turn a bit to the left or right - it will click when in place.
please follow the instruction
1. raise needle to its hieghest position
2. remove hand hole cover plate
3. remove bobbin case from shuttle, pull open latch of bobbin case
4. pull bobbin case straight out of shuttle
5 insert bobbin into bobbin case making sure thread is coming from bobbin.
6. pull thread through slot
7. pull thread under tension spring
8. holding latch open position case into shuttle, and release latch. case should lock into place when latch is released
From the Simplicity Sew Precious Model SWSP2 manual:
Inserting a new bobbin:
Place wound bobbin into the bobbin case.
Pull about 6 inches of thread out from the bobbin.
NOTE: Be sure that the bobbin rotates COUNTER-CLOCKWISE when thread is pulled.
Pass the thread from the bobbin, under the bobbin case spring, and toward the back of the machine.
Slide bobbin cover back into position.
Turn the handwheel toward you to raise the take-up lever to its highest position.
Lower the presser foot.
Place a spool of thread and spool cap on the spool pin.
Place the thread into the first thread guide at the top of the machine.
Bring the thread down the right slot of the threading path, then around the tension dial. Push the thread tension release lever and pull the thread up so the thread is secure in the thread tension dial.
Bring the thread up the left slot of the threading path and through the take-up lever from right to left.
Bring the thread back down the left slot of the threading path and into the needle eye from front to back. (Clip the thread end with sharp scissors fro easier needle threading.)
Raising the bobbin thread
Make sure the presser foot lever is raised.
Hold the end of the needle thread with your left hand. Turn the hand wheel toward you with your right hand until the needle goes down once and comes back up, stopping when the needle is at its highest position.
Gently pull up on the needle thread. The bobbin thread, looped around the needle thread, will be drawn up through the needle hole.
Push the thread tension release lever and pull about six inches of both the upper and lower threads toward the back of the machine, placing them under the presser foot.
You can obtain a copy in pdf format for free at: