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Underneath of quilt the stitches are long with smaller topstitches is my top tension to loose or too tight

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YOur top thread is looping, right? Re-thread your top thread, making sure you floss it into the tension system. When you drop the pressed foot it should offer tension to the thread. Right? When you have underside loops it would indicate too much thread, right? So either the tension is too low OR something is jerking on the top thread causing a loop.

Posted on Dec 06, 2013

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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SOURCE: sews small stitches on the

change needle
change your stitch length dial to a number higher like if it on 3 change it to 4 or 5
change the tension to 3 or 4
clean under the needle plate where the feed dog is for lint
clean the bobbin area for lint or loose threads
rethread the machine

Posted on Nov 22, 2010

SOURCE: no manual, can't program for straight stitch, tension seems tight

what the name & model number of the machine?

Posted on May 18, 2012

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Iam sewing seats. but the threed stared braking at the needle & it want saw.


Most likely, it has to do with incompatibility of the needle, thread, and fabric. The force of the needle penetrating the fabric multiple times is actually causing the thread to (wear &) fray and eventually break. There are needles with larger grooves that tend to protect the thread during stitching. Some may recommend a Top Stitch Needle (Home Machine Needles Superior Threads Why Topstitch? The Topstitch needle is the most common needle type used and recommended by professionals and educators. We recommend the Topstitch for piecing, quilting, embroidery, appliqu?, and construction. These needles are available in four sizes to accommodate all thread types, including metallic threads. The Topstitch needle has a larger eye and deeper groove. It is often referred as the MAGIC NEEDLE. It really does make a difference in your sewing experience.)
Why Use Topstitching Needle

Also, if the thread is a tight fit through the needle eye, it will also tear the thread. Make sure that the thread will slip easily through the eye. Go to a larger needle, instead of 90, try a 100.

Be sure to use a brand-new needle.

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You may also consider changing the type of thread you are using. Go with a stronger thread, ie polyester, rather than cotton. Cotton will shred and break easier.

You will probably need to re-adjust the thread tension. If it is too tight, it will also break the thread. If you are using a heavier weight of thread, you will need to adjust both the upper and bobbin tension to accommodate the heavier thread.
Bobbin Tension How and Why Tension is Adjusted

If you sewing fabric that is sticky, ie vinyl, oilcloth, you should try to use a roller presser foot, a teflon presser foot, or a walking foot to help the fabric move with the feed dogs.

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Apr 22, 2016 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

12 wt thread


12 wt thread generally will not work well in the bobbin...


"Aurifil 12wt Thread
Aurifil 12 wt thread is ideal for hand quilting, big stitch hand quilting and machine quilting. 12 weight thread creates a more defined and often primitive look. It's great for designs that use a longer stitch length if using a machine. When machine quilting with 12 wt thread, use 40 wt in the bobbin, increase your stitch length, lower your tension, use Topstitch size 90 needles and stitch slowly."

May 08, 2017 | Bernina Activa 140

1 Answer

Why won't my Bernina zig zag bobbin thread catch underneath; the top looks great.


have you tried changing the needle?
have you tried adjusting the top tension?

May 13, 2012 | Bernina Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Stitch too tight on top, too loose on bottom


This is a problem with thread tension. The needle thread is too tight and the bobbin thread is too loose. I don't have one of these machines, but there should be either screws or knobs to adjust. Look at your manual. Here's a page I found on bobbin tension.
https://www.manualslib.com/manual/1022927/Toyota-Quilt-50.html?page=50

Aug 06, 2017 | Toyota Sewing Machines

1 Answer

The tension seems to be loopy on the underneath of the fabric just can't get it right


Tighten the top tension. To check the bobbin tension take the bobbin out and dangle it by the thread like you would hold a yo yo. A gentle flick of the wrist should cause the bobbin to drop down some but not just spin out to the floor, ie there should be some tension. If it hits the floor it is too loose. But if it doesn't release, fall, some it is too tight.

When you stitch a broad zig zag if the tension is correct it will look identical on the top as it does on the bottom. If it is smaller on the top then the bobbin is too tight. If it is smaller on the bottom than the top tension is too tight etc.

Mar 26, 2011 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

My zig zag stitch is puckering fabric. I even went to the multiple zig zag, same problem. I decreased tension. What should I have double. Note: this was on single layer, along edge of fabric so I could...


Check the bobbin tension too. It could be too tight. Make sure you are using the right size needle for the material as well. Sheer, thin fabric needs a smaller needle, thicker material requires bigger needles. Bobbin tension is the typical problem as most think to adjust the top tension but don't check the bobbin tension.

Is your quilt peices cotton? Cotton shouldn't cause as much trouble sewing along the edge but don't use too long of a stitch length else it will seem to gather up. Puckering side to side however is a tension problem usually. With sheerer fabrics that cause a problem sometimes you can put thin paper underneath, sew through both and then pull the paper off after sewing. (thin like the iron on type interfacing type fabric but like paper).

Mar 25, 2011 | Janome Sewing Machines

1 Answer

The thread underneath when sewing is too loosed


Usually thread too loose on the bottom is caused by the upper tension being too loose. The top and bottom tensions work together with the top thread making the underside of the stitch seem too taunt or too loose and the bobbin thread causing the top side of the stitch to be loopy or too tight. Select a large zig zag stick and sew a couple of inches. Then examine the stitch. It should look identical on both sides. Look to see which side is drawn too tight, the zig zag being smaller on that side with threads from the bottom threads pulled through. Then adjust the two tensions so that they make a uniform, identical stitch.

Also, when the bobbin tension is right you can hold the bobbin dangling by the thread and it won't spool out to the floor but will let loose a bit with a slight flick of the wrist. Too loose it will just spool out. Too tight and it won't drop at all. When you get that set right then do the above zig zag test to see where the top tension should be set.

Mar 02, 2011 | Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Pfaff varimatic 6091 sew a rag quilt with jean and flannel,I can't get my tension right it seems to be funny on the bottom stitch,where shoulf the top tension be set at 4 1/2 ,when do I adjust the bobbin...


Hi! The bobbin tension rarely needs to be adjusted. First, make sure you're using the appropriate size needle and thread for your fabric (I'd probably use either a 'denim' needle or a universal size 14) and also that the upper thread and bobbin are threaded absolutely correctly. These can throw off the tension! Also, take the time to clean out the bobbin area. That can throw your stitch off also.

If the stitch on the bottom is loose, so that you see the top threads, then the top tension is too loose. If the top stitch is too loose and you see the bobbin threads on top, then the top tension is too tight.

It helps to thread the machine with different color thread on top and in the bobbin, and then stitch an inch or so on the same type of fabric as you're using in your quilt. Check the stitch. If you need to adjust the top tension, make sure the pressure foot is down! Adjust a little, stitch a few inches, and check again. Repeat until you don't see any (or very little) bobbin thread on the top or top thread on the bottom.

If you go through all these steps, and the bobbin thread is still loose (and you've tightened up the top tension), then there is a tiny little screw on the side of the bobbin case that you can use to adjust the bobbin tension. Turn the screw just a little bit (less than a quarter turn), stitch, check, etc. Once the bobbin tension is set, you shouldn't ever have to change it.

Let me know if this helps, ok?

Happy sewing!




Feb 10, 2010 | PfaFF Sewing Machines

1 Answer

Skipped stitches & looping on the bottom of Quilt


Try a different needle. Use a quilting or topstitch or even a metallic needle - one that has a larger scarf than normal. The scarf is the groove at the back of the needle where the thread goes while the stitch is being formed. Quilting threads often need more "room" there. I have been told that the Inspira quilting needles are good because they have a thread groove on the front and the back of the needle. Not tried them personally but might be worthwhile for you to consider.

For the looping, you could fiddle with your tensions a little either loosening the bobbin tension or tightening the top, or both. Only ever do this in very small increments. But the good news is that even the "professional" quilters do not have perfect quilt backs - just have a look at them at quilt shows!
Pam M.

Apr 27, 2009 | Brother LS-2125 Mechanical Sewing Machine

3 Answers

BOTTOM STITCH IS ALWAYS LOOSE


If the top stitch is loose, then you need to tighten the bobbin tension: if the bottom stitch is loose, tighten the top tension. Hope this helps. It could also be the size needle and thread you are using for a particular fabric. Different fabrics require different notions.

Mar 13, 2008 | Sewing Machines

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