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The following tutorial will help you reformat your hard drive and reinstall windows. I personally reformat my HDD and reinstall windows at least once every 3 to 5 months. After your first successful reformatting, you'll wonder why you didn't try this earlier. This is one of the first things I taught myself because I knew I was going to make a mess of my system...alot. Anyway, Please note, I am not responsible for any damage although I don't see how you can possibly damage anything whilst reformatting. Follow these steps exactly and you should be fine.
Step 1: Make sure you have your Windows XP disk. I personally delete everything I don’t need, and uninstall all programs that I don’t use. I then make a list of all the programs I still have installed and download all the installers I will need. Also download Spybot Search and Destroy and Ad-Aware but do not install them. I then backup all my important data and all the installers onto a portable hard drive – if you don’t have one you can build one (see HERE how to build your own external hard drive cheaply) or you can use DVD’s or CD’s. Make sure you have everything backed up and then disconnect the portable hard drive.
Step 2: Insert your windows disk into the Master CD drive (if you have more than one) and turn the computer off. Make sure you are disconnected from any networks. You will need to have your cd drive selected as your first boot device. If it not already selected, you will need to go into your bios and set the boot priority to cd/hdd, then with your Windows cd in your cd drive, save and exit bios.
Step 3: Turn on your computer. A screen will come up saying “Press any key to boot from disk”. Press any key (where’s the “Any” key gone?!). Now wait about 10seconds for the setup utility to be loaded. When asked if you want to set up or repair, hit Enter to set up Windows. Read the license agreement and hit F8 if you agree. If the setup program detects an existing installation of Windows and asks if you want to repair it, hit Esc to skip the repair. The setup program will ask you where to install Windows. Highlight the existing "C: Partition1" partition and hit D to delete it. Hit L to confirm. Next, hit Enter to install Windows on the "Unpartitioned Space". Format the space as NTFS - You will get an option to choose full or quik format. My experience is that quick format is for disk that have previously formatted. If the disk has not been formatted, then you will have to use the standard format option. Usually you will get a popup message "This disk can not be quick formatted" or something along that line. Then continue the installation. Please note: During the installation process, your computer will reboot. You will then see a message to press any key to boot from cd. Do not press any key a second time, otherwise the installation will start from scatch again. Complete the next several screens on the setup process and make sure you do not leave the administrator password blank. After following these steps, setup should be complete. Step 4: Firstly you should install your antivirus software, Spybot S&D and Ad-Aware. Also enable the windows firewall by going to Start>Control Panel>Network and Internet Connections>Network Connections (icon on the bottom-right)>Right-click the Local Area Connection>Properties>Advanced tab>Check the box next to "Protect my computer and network...">OK. After this has been done, install all updates from the Microsoft website (including windows XP service Pack 2). Then install all drivers from your motherboard utilities CD. Now it is time to install your programs. Step 5: Enjoy the brand new feeling of your Reformatted PC
Hope this tutorial will help some people.
Watch this 5 minute video tutorial before you start...
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To install Windows XP, use the following steps.
These steps are similar to other Windows OS installations (Vista,
Below is the detailed procedure of installing Microsoft Windows XP:
Before installing Windows XP
or any other operating system, you should backup all your data. Data can
be backed up on a separate partition, if the hard disk is partitioned or
you can back it up on external storage devices like CDs or on a network.
Restart the computer and go
to the Setup menu by pressing F2 and change the first boot device to CD,
press Esc and save settings.
Insert the CD labeled
Microsoft Windows XP into the computer and restart the computer.
When the pc restarts, a
message will appear telling you to press any key to boot from CD, press a
key immediately the message appears and the setup process will begin.
After the files have been
loaded, Windows will start and it will give you an option of repairing
using Recovery Console by pressing “R” or continue with setup by pressing
“ENTER”; press enter to continue with setup.
Setup will list all your disk
partitions, highlight the partition where you want to install Windows,
this is mainly partition “C”, press “D” to delete the partition, then
press “L” to confirm.
Highlight the partition you
deleted, and then press “C” to create a new partition, press “ENTER” to
create the partition.
Press “ENTER” again to
install Windows on the New (Raw) Partition you have created.
Format the partition using
NTFS file system.
After format has completed,
Windows will restart and setup will prompt you to boot from CD again.
Ignore the message and let setup continue automatically.
Follow the next steps which
will ask you to setup the system Time and Date, Network and enter a serial
key, until setup finishes.
After setup has finished,
Windows will restart and will welcome you for the first time; Microsoft
Windows XP will have successfully been installed on your computer.
This error occurs after trying to uninstall the updated (and overrated) C-Media WDM Audio Driver for onboard sound that appears after upgrading to XP SP2 and/or going to WindowsUpdate. Likely the driver didn't work, so you tried uninstalling the driver and were going to put back the old Realtek AC'97 driver, but couldn't get rid of the updated driver.
To fix: Start, Run, type in "regedit" (no quotes), and delete the cmaudio string from HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run. This makes it so it will not run on startup and try to find the cpl file that was deleted during the uninstall or not installed correctly by the installer in the first place, whichever your case depending on when you started seeing the error. If your sound was working perfectly before this, you are done. To get your sound working again if it isn't, read on -
While still in the registry editor, click on the top computer icon in the Registry Editor to highlight it (so that it will do a complete search of the registry and not just from your present point forward), do a Find (Ctrl+F) and find and delete all KEYS related to cmaudio and C-Media, not just the string entries, but the KEYS, except for that entry in the Run key I mentioned above, just delete the cmaudio string for that one.
Delete the string "CMCPlus" from HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Control Panel\Cpls to get rid of the Control Panel icon, and delete the file it points to that resides in C:\Windows\System32.
Download this remove utility from
and run the file you find in the zip file - it can be ran without extracting it from the zip. Take out the C-Media Audio Driver line.
-- NOTE: This utility is for taking the name out of the Add/Remove Programs section only, and does not remove it from your computer, but it is very useful for issues like this when we are MANUALLY uninstalling a program to take it out of the Programs list and should work in 98/ME/2000/XP.
Delete these files from the C:\Windows\System32 directory (or "System" directory for Win98)
cmirmdrv.exe cmirmdrv.dll cmuda.dll
Delete everything you can readily delete in C:\Temp, C:\WINDOWS\prefetch (XP only), C:\WINDOWS\Temp, and C:\Documents and Settings\%YourName%\Local Settings\Temp (2000 and XP only), so that there will not be any files left for it to try to recover the driver from. You will likely have to leave things that start with hsperfdata_ and Perflib_Perfdata_***.dat files if you find them, but should be able to delete most others without changing attributes.
Now open the Device Manager (Right-click "My Computer", hit "Manage", then find Device Manager in the Computer Management console). Right-click the C-Media WDM driver under Sound, video, and game controllers, hit Uninstall. Then right-click the top computer icon listed there with your hostname beside it, hit "Scan for hardware changes". It should install a generic "Multimedia Audio Controller" instead of the "C-Media WDM Audio Driver", though you might see that C-Media Audio for just an instant before it reverts back to a generic driver (if it stays, you'll have to go back through the registry again, delete the system files again, and do a full search of your hard drive for those files so they don't get re-copied again). From here you can download your specific Realtek AC'97 Audio Driver setup.exe file here or use your motherboard's installation CD to re-install and you should have sound again.
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When you boot off the Vista CD and run the setup program it will ask if you which partition do you want to use as the installation partition.
setup then will automatically format it during the install process.
I had the same problem while installing a GeForce 7050M-M motherboard w/AMD quad core processor. I kept getting the message "install Realtek HD Audio driver failure!!" message. After many hours of futility, and reading possible solutions on the internet, I got it working this way: First, go into your cmos setup and disable your onboard audio. Then after you boot up, go into 'control panel' and then 'add/remove programs' and remove any program associated with high definition audio. The Realtek programs that I had tried to install were in mine, so I deleted them. Then I clicked on 'start' and then 'search', and put this in the search window: 'hdaud' for high definition audio. Several files came up, and I deleted them, which put them all in the recycling bin. I didn't empty the bin, in case I screwed up something and had to restore the files later. I then rebooted, and being probably overcautious, let the computer come up and then went back into 'add/delete programs' to make sure there were no HD audio programs in there, and then double checked for any files by going back into 'search' and searching for 'hdaud' files like before. A file somehow had appeared there associated with Realtek, so I deleted it. Then I rebooted, and at reboot went into cmos setup and enabled my onboard audio. When the computer came up, the 'found new hardware' message popped up. When you see this DO NOT let the computer look for the driver. Hit 'cancel', and load your Realtek audio drivers from your setup disc or from whatever location you have them in. You may see the additional message about the driver not loading and your sound not working right, but ignore it, it's because you clicked on 'cancel'. Just let it finish it's install from your setup disc. When mine finished successfully for the first time now, and it prompted me to reboot because of the new drivers just installed, I actually got the 'shutdown' sound out my speakers-the first peep I heard out of them since I started this adventure early yesterday. When the computer came up, lo and behold I had sound. I was about ready to give up and go out and buy a sound card, but stubborness prevailed. So in short review:
1. Disable your onboard audio in CMOS 2. Go into 'add/remove programs' and delete any and all HD audio programs 3. Go into 'search' and type in 'hdaud' and delete those files that come up. 4. Reboot and double check 2 and 3 above. 5. Reboot and go into CMOS and enable your onboard audio. 6. Load your audio drivers from your setup disc-DO NOT LET THE COMPUTER LOOK FOR A DRIVER THRU THE 'FOUND NEW HARDWARE' PROMPT-PRESS CANCEL. 7. Reboot and hopefully, enjoy the sound.