How to Replace a Brake Caliper
( DIY Complexity: Moderate / Time: 2.1 hours )
1. Brake Caliper
1. Combination Wrench Set
2. 3/8 in. Drive Ratchet
3. Floor Jack
4. Jack Stand Set
6. Mallet Hammer
7. Flat Head Screwdriver
8. Socket Set
9. Tire Iron
10. 1/4 in. Drive Torque Wrench
1. Brake Cleaner
Step 1 Park your vehicle on a solid level surface. Set the parking brake and chock the rear wheels.
o Tip: Safety Tip:Always wear safety glasses when working on your vehicle. Wear other personal protective equipment (PPE) when necessary, for example latex gloves or safety shoes.
Step 2 Remove the front wheel hub caps if applicable. Using a tire iron, break loose the front wheel lug nuts but do not remove.
o Tip: Lug nuts fasten the wheel to the hub and may be on very tight. To gain more leverage, use a breaker bar to loosen the nuts.
Step 3 Using a floor jack, lift up the front of your vehicle.
o Tip: Using an aftermarket floor jack, instead of the original equipment (OE) jack, can make the job easier and safer. Verify the condition of the floor jack before use.
Step 4 Secure the vehicle with jack stands on both sides for safety before starting any work. The pinch welds or the frame rails are the two best locations. Do not rely on the jack to hold the vehicle up while working.
o Tip: Try to find a flat, level, and strong surface to put the jack stands.
Step 5 Remove the front wheel lug nuts. Remove the front wheels and set them aside.
Step 6 Inspect the brake caliper for any signs of binding. Look for rust and uneven brake pad wear.
Step 7 Remove the brake caliper mounting bolts (sliding bolts).
Step 8 Support the caliper up and away from the working area. Make sure you do not kink or pinch any brake lines.
o Tip: Use a bungee cord to secure the brake caliper out of the way and hang it on the suspension spring.
Step 9 Clean the sliding bolts and lubricate them.
Step 10 Install the new caliper over the brake pads and rotor. Attach the caliper to the mounting bracket with the sliding bolts. Tighten the caliper sliding bolts to manufacturer’s specifications.
Step 11 Disconnect the brake line from the old caliper. Attach the brake line to the new caliper using new copper washers. Tighten the banjo bolt.
Step 12 Repeat for the other side. Bleed the front brakes.
Step 13 Reinstall the front wheels. Torque the lug nuts to the manufacturer specifications in a star pattern.
Step 14 Remove jack stands and lower the vehicle to the ground.
Step 15 Verify that you have a solid brake pedal. Road test the vehicle to verify brake caliper repair.
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