Why Julius Caesar became a famous person?
His conquest of Gaul, his exploration of Britain, his crossing the
Rubicon (starting a civil war) and, of course, his assassination.
By 58 BCE, Caesar was in a political alliance with Pompey and Crassus.
He was appointed governor of Cisalpine Gaul and upon request from Roman
allies in the region, invaded Gaul as a reaction to the migration of a
tribe called the Helvetii. Once this crisis was averted he pushed
further north. This reinforced his political position in Rome and built
him a strong base of support, putting pressure on Crassus and Pompey who
schemed behind the scenes to have him removed from command. They
temporarily resolved their differences in 56 BCE.
back to Gaul and finished subduing it, culminating in one of histories
most impressive feats of military engineering at Alesia where he finally
He undertook two expeditions to
Britain in 55 and 54 BC, the first by Romans, raising his profile even
further in Rome.
In 53 BCE, Crassus died, as did Caesar's
daughter Julia who was married to Pompey. This resulted in no further
ties between the two men, and their power struggle came into the open.
Civil chaos in Rome permitted Pompey to claim power and restore calm.
Caesar lost some of his political capital at this time, but reclaimed it
by crossing the Rubicon (49 BCE) and entering Italy at the head of his
army, something never before done by a Roman commander. Pompey was
unprepared for this so he left Rome to Caesar. Caesar later caught up
with Pompey and defeated him at Pharsalus. Pompey fled to Egypt but was
killed by Ptolemy (48 BCE). Caesar intervened in the power struggle
between Ptolemy and Cleopatra on the queen's side, end result a son,
Caesarion. After a stay in Egypt, he went back to eliminating his
remaining opponents around the Mediterranean over the next few years
before returning to Rome in 45 BCE. His appointment as dictator for life
soon after raised so much animosity that his opponents finally united
together and assasinated him in 44 BCE.
Aug 10, 2010 |
Computers & Internet