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take the top off with a screwdriver. first, clean the moving parts with a q tip. you can use the foot pedal to let the machine move slowly while you place the qtip on the round areas. for the gears you will need to take time to clean without the machine running. after you do this take your oil and oil all metal against metal moving parts. replace the top. now, do the same on the bottom of the machine. replace the bottom cover. on the front of the machine you will notice places where the needle arm and pressure foot arm is going through holes that guide them. place a small amount of oil on the rods. the weight that is in back of the needle arm should be oiled in the back of it as much as you can. the bobbin carrier has an area that under it that rotates. it looks like a race track and is called race. put one drop on it. just remember all metal against metal is the key. clean!!!!
You didn't specify a model, but foot pedals are generally used by a wide variety of models of machines. Go to eBay and enter your machine's model number, and you'll probably see foot pedals for your model of machine for sale.
I have trouble with this every single time. What you need to do is remove the silver plate right under the needle. If you think of the case as the number 6, put the comma I just typed (a little piece of plastic sticking out from the rounded section at the bottom) under the metal at the bottom.
Then slide the metal plate at the top back on. You may need to turn the knob on the side of the machine (that makes the needle go up and down) to get it to go back on. At this point, as you're turning the knob, the bobbin case should fall back into place.
I just finished doing this myself. Now my issue is that the thread from the bobbin keeps knotting up.
I have a Singer Merritt 4530. I don't know if the foot pedal works the same way on your model, but on mine it is held together not by screws or latches, but simply by white plastic rods that serve as hinges. These rods have a hole drilled in their center, presumably so some special tool can be used to pull them out. Lacking a special tool, I glued a nail into the hole, and once the glue dries you can pull the nail and pull the rod out with it. The rod is about an inch long and held in place merely by friction - no glue or screw threads. Once one rod is removed, you should be able to slide the pedal off of the rod on the other side, though that might have only worked because some of the plastic housing was cracked on mine. If you don't want to take the time to test that, just glue a nail into both rods and pull them both out.
Once you get the pedal open, mine had a giant white cylinder that looks kind of like a battery or a fuse. This thing was getting very hot the longer the pedal was left plugged in. I read on many web sites that this object can cause overheating or short circuit the pedal so it's always sewing. It's called a suppressor and can be safely thrown away. I haven't found an explanation for precisely what it does or why it can be safely thrown away, but I theorize it's a surge suppressor and that most modern wiring isn't going to surge too much. I got rid of it and the pedal still works and doesn't overheat. It may be safest to plug the machine into a surge-protected power strip once the suppressor is gone - just my theory.
all machines thread the same. TTN tension,take up,needle.
Beginning with the spool, guide the
thread through the thread guides to the tension assembly. Pull the thread
through the tension assembly and test it to make sure the tension is working
(To do this test, adjust your tension setting to normal or medium or 5 or
something in the middle. Raise the presser foot and pull the thread through the
tension. It should pull easily!! Lower the presser foot and pull the thread. It
should pull noticeably harder.) If it passes this test, continue up through the
take up lever,then down through the thread guides to the needle. Make sure your
needle is fully inserted and turned the correct way.( If you load your bobbin
case from the left side,the needle rule is normally FLAT to the RIGHT is RIGHT.
There are some exceptions. If you have a newer style drop in bobbin or your
bobbin case loads in the front then the rule is FLAT to the BACK.