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.ear or .war files

I have a project made using HTML & JSP entirely. I want to make and executable file for it.... How can I do that? also how do u put ur website (project) on the internet...., in a way that people can actually log on to it and work...?

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  • tripti_mehro Apr 25, 2009

    Thanx for ur help.....
    I have developed the application using netbeans IDE, and ofc Tomcat server is what I've used to run it...
    I'm aware of the technicalities reqd to run a jsp project and know how to configure them.
    What I wanted to know was how to make them accessible for other internet users...and that u've elaborated...
    If you have further more info regarding the "commercial hosting provider", please elaborate it to me....
    and ya then what are .ear & .war files for?



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There's no easy answer to these as there are too many variables to consider. The first issue is to correct you on one point - HTML and JSP files cannot be made into an "executable file" (like a Windows .exe file) but must be placed onto a web server that can process JSP files.

The most common JSP web server is called Tomcat and can be downloaded for free from This application will allow you to run your project on your local computer or network but it is unlikely (difficult or not possible depending on your ISP) you will be able to make this accessible to other Internet users. This is usually only good for testing to see if your application works properly (which you should do before putting it on the Internet)

If want other people to access your web project you will need to find a commercial hosting provider that allows you to host JSP-based websites. These are actually not so common so you will have to look around the Web to find a good one at a good price.

As far as using Tomcat web server is concerned I would refer you to the manual at the website you downloaded it from. With JSP projects it is not always as easy as copying your files to the server and having it work straight away - sometimes you need other library files and sometimes you need to configure the server correctly with details about your web application - all depending on how you created your JSP project (which I don't know enough about).

If you haven't already, I recommend using the free Netbeans application from to develop your JSP projects as it makes it much easier, comes with a built in JSP web server and there are a lot of good tutorials and instructions at their website to make it easy to get your web application up and running.

Once you get over the initial problem of how to run JSP web applications, using JSP is a lot of fun and very powerful.

Let me know how you get on or if you need any more help.

Posted on Apr 24, 2009

  • Mark Jones Jul 07, 2009

    Sorry for replying to your follow-up comment late. It seems this site does not post when comments are updated.

    I don't really have any experience with, or wide knowledge of commercial Java hosting and I don't want to recommend a host I have not personally experienced. I will assume you have already searched Google for "Java hosting" and compared the results.

    One option that has come up recently since I last posted here is Google's App Engine which now offers Java hosting support. It's not really suitable for commercial hosting but might help with allowing people to test out websites you have developed when they can't access your computer.

    EAR and WAR files are just basically your project output files in a ZIP compressed archive (same with JAR files). The only difference is the structure and type of files inside
    inside (following the related Java specifications).

    The purpose of "zipping" them is just to make it easier to transport your files to the server (or to another computer). You can deploy your web application to most Java web servers as either separate files (as your original project) or as EAR or WAR files. The web server will extract the files from the archive automatically when they are needed.

    WAR stands for "Web ARchive" and is used when deploying a Java web application hosted on a Java web server. It will include your Java classes, JSP files, XML files.

    EAR stands for "Enterprise ARchive" and is used when deploying an enterprise-level Java application to a Java application server. It will contain your JAR files, WAR files, and EJBs (Enterprise Java Beans).

    ("Enterprise-level" just means that the application is likely hosted on several tiers, such as a presentation tier for presentation components, a business tier for business logic components, and a data tier for data access components. These sorts of applications are usually developed for large corporations or "enterprises" with many locations connected by a wide area network)

    Check out for more information.

    Hope that helps.



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