Question about Microsoft Office Standard for PC

1 Answer

Excel formula 1- information about "relative cell reference" 2- "absolute cell reference" 3-"mixed cell reference" 4-"sspecific order of formulas" 5"working with advance formulas"

Posted by on

1 Answer

  • Level 1:

    An expert who has achieved level 1.

    Problem Solver:

    An expert who has answered 5 questions.

  • Contributor
  • 5 Answers
Re: excel formula

Relative cell reference is address of cell , when copied from one cell to another gets changed automatically.

e.g. Put formula in cell c5 as A5+1 when you copy this from c5 to c6 the address of A5 will automatically changed to A6.


Absolute Cell Reference

As above now put formula in cell C5 as $A$5+1 ,now copy this formula from C5 to C6 if you this formula youwill find cell Address of A5 does not changed.


Mixed Cell Reference:

If we put Dollar ($) sign before Alphabetic cell address i.e.$c5 then even if you copy this formula in any cell , coloumn (c)  will remains constant.

Similarly if we put Dollar ($) sign before Numeric cell address i.e.c$5  then you copy this formula in any cell row address of the cell remains same.(5).


Pl elobarate on remaining two points 'Specific order of formulas ' and 'advance formulas,

Posted on Oct 16, 2007

Add Your Answer

0 characters

Uploading: 0%


Complete. Click "Add" to insert your video. Add


3 Points

Related Questions:

1 Answer

When i copy a sum formula in excel the first cell does not remain the same it increments by 1. how can I prevent this?

There are 2 types of direct cell references that you can use when you're writing formulas: Relative References & Absolute References.
A Relative Reference is the address of a cell (e.g. A5). When a Relative Reference in a formula is copied from one cell to another, the Reference gets changed automatically. e.g. If you put a formula in cell c5 as A5+1, when you copy this from c5 to c6 the formula A5+1 will automatically change to A6+1.
An Absolute Cell Reference does not change when its copied to another location. As in the example above if the formula in cell C5 is written as $A$5+1, if you copy this formula from C5 to C6 it will remain as $A$5+1 (NOT change to $A$6+1.
The $ sign signifies Absolute, and can be applied to the Row reference, the Column reference, or both Column & Row (as in the example).

Oct 17, 2014 | Microsoft Excel for PC

1 Answer

Problem was found in Micorsoft excel 2003. When I copy the formula from one (original) cell to another (new) cell, the formula in the new cell has updated but the value show on the new cell was the...

Once you have copy the cell from where the formula cam from, on the destination cell,
go to
1. Edit
2. Paste Special
3. Formula.
4. Press Enter

This should resolve your problem. Regards.

Aug 11, 2010 | Microsoft Office Excel 2003 for PC

1 Answer

Why don't formulas copy from cell to cell?

Step 1
Determine what formula is to be copied and to what location it is to be copied. Carefully consider the cells that are to be referenced in the formula and that they are indeed the cells that contain the information to be acted upon by this formula.
Step 2
Highlight a cell that has the formula in it and click the right mouse button. Select the "Copy" option.
Step 3
Move to the new destination cell for this formula, right click the mouse button and select "Paste."
Step 4
Check the first cell to make sure the correct calculation has been performed. If not, check the formula that appears in the cell that contains the result of the formula that was just copied. Make sure that the formula references the correct cells. If not, correct the formula and then copy the corrected formula to the rest of the cells that should have this formula applied to them.

The only time I have seen this not work is when the cells/pages are protected.

Some formulas will require references to multiple pages or a workbook. Make sure that the absolute cell address is used for specific numbers and those that are to be applied to subsequent cell addresses are clearly denoted by the use of "$" in the cell address.

Dec 17, 2009 | Microsoft Office Home and Student 2007...

1 Answer

How can I use a relative address in the @find function? It changes to a fixed address when I stop editing.

When you include addresses like A2, C10, F15 they are relative addresses .eg: If you have entries like:
in B4 you have saturday
in C6 you have the formula =FIND("a",B4) .....the answer is 2
B4 is a relative cell address, because if you copy the formula across the row, OR up/down the column, the formula changes and the answer changes
To make it an absolute address you have to type a $ in the cell address. If you type the cell address formula as $B4, it means wherever you move to or copy the formula the B will not change
If you type B$4 the row no 4 is ABSOLUTE or fixed.
$B$4, both column B and row 4 are fixed. If you move the formula anywhere the cell reference will not change.
Summary B4 is a relative cell address
$B4 is absolute address (B is fixed)
B$4 is absolute address (4 is fixed)
$B$4 is abso;lute address (Bis fixed, 4 is also fixed)
Hope this answers your question

Sep 05, 2009 | Corel WordPerfect Office X4 Home & Student...

1 Answer

Need to know the formula for increasing a $3500 revenue by 0.005% per month for 24 consequtive months. how do i preform this with one formula to avoid entering it 24 different times. i know that the answer...

If the column is absolute, then use the $ before the first character and if the row is absolute use the $ before the second character in your cell designation. If BOTH column and row are absolute, use the $ before both the column and row character.

Examples: $A1, A$1, $A$1

Mar 30, 2009 | Microsoft Excel for PC

2 Answers

Circular reference working how to open excel file

Clicking cancel will invalidate the formulae, circular references refer to the dependant and precedent cells using each other.

Track/ Audit depending on your Excel version to show which formulae is incorrect - or options view, tick show formaulae and remove them.

Nov 20, 2008 | Microsoft Excel for PC

1 Answer


Are you looking to solve any particular problem?--- because there are a huge number of possible formulas in Excel.

However, in my opinion, the most commonly needed ones are addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, and summing.

Suppose you have the following numbers typed into your Excel spreadsheet:

columns: A B C D
1 20 3
2 10 4
3 15 2
4 1 2 3

Then suppose you type in the following formulas (in the D column):

columns: A B C D
1 20 3 =A1+B1
2 10 4 =A2-B2
3 15 2 =A3*B2
4 1 2 3 =sum(A4:C4)

Then the following answers will appear in the D column:

columns: A B C D
1 20 3 23
2 10 4 6
3 15 2 30
4 1 2 3 6

Sep 29, 2008 | Microsoft Business & Productivity Software

1 Answer

Percentages in Excel

No problem, Melinda, I am here to help!

If I understood correctly, your spreadsheet looks something like this:
1 Question Yes No Total
2 Is sky blue? 20 2 22
3 Is world round? etc.

In this case, the formula for % of Yes would be: =B2/D2. This would give you a decimal point result such as 0.909091. Now if you want to make this look like a percentage in your spreadsheet, just do the following:
1) click on the cell where you have the division formula
2) clck on Format in the top menu bar
3) click on Cells
4) click on the Number tab (if you're not already there)
5) click on Percentage in the list of categories
6) click OK

To boil it all down to a simple principle, percentages are created in Excel by dividing the two numbers using a formula with "/" in it, and then formatting the result to look like a percentage instead of a decimal.

I might have misunderstood your question, and I have an idea of what else you might have been asking (and another slightly more complicated solution for it!), so please let me know if my first answer didn't hit the mark!

Good Luck!

Aug 08, 2008 | Microsoft Excel for PC

3 Answers


meri excel file ka security paasward missing. Pls i want track the paasward.

Jul 13, 2008 | Microsoft Excel for PC

3 Answers

Excel argument

If I understand correctly, you want to figure the normal wages at 40 hours and less. If there is more then 40 hours, calculate the normal 40 hours, then calculate the hours overtime (time and a half) and add them to get a total.


B5 columns are filled with this:

NOTE: The $ sign doesn't refer to money, it refers to an absolute reference so when copying a formula, the cell references with a $ sign are fixed and don't adjust according to the relative position to where it's being pasted.

Please rate as FixYa! or ask please clarify. ThankYa!

Oct 22, 2007 | Microsoft Excel 2003 (06503995)

Not finding what you are looking for?
Microsoft Office Standard for PC Logo

558 people viewed this question

Ask a Question

Usually answered in minutes!

Top Microsoft Business & Productivity Software Experts

Brian Sullivan
Brian Sullivan

Level 3 Expert

27725 Answers


Level 3 Expert

18258 Answers

Sudeep Chatterjee
Sudeep Chatterjee

Level 3 Expert

3267 Answers

Are you a Microsoft Business and Productivity Software Expert? Answer questions, earn points and help others

Answer questions

Manuals & User Guides