Harddisk failure to bootup
Only a HDD with a properly installed OS, a valid boot sector and an active partition will 'Boot'
Did it ever work? Are you sure the POWER is there. Are you sure the cables are on right and the HDD is identified in the BIOS of the PC? Are you sure the drive jumpers are correct? Check all of these.
If this is a brand new HDD the first thing you must do is Partition the HDD, and if the HDD will be your BOOT drive, you'll also need to make the partition 'active. Then, in either case you'll have to format it. Use the FDISK utility and then the FORMAT command under DOS or type dskmgmt.msc within Windows (Using the Start, Run box) to do this procedure.
If it is NOT a new HDD, these procedures will wipe your data so be careful.
If it did work and doesn't anymore.. listen to the PC when you apply power. Does the HDD spinup, click a bit and get quiet, or do you hear it repeatedly spinning up, clicking constantly, starting and stopping?? These signs are not good and usually mean the drive controller board is hosed. There is a 50% chance of fixing this problem with an EXACT No. replacement controller board..
If it does spin up, clicks a bit and stops making noises, we can assume is is reaching proper velocity and the heads are finding 'home'. (Good!)
The next thing to look at is your BOOT sequence which YOU can change in the BIOS. Watch the screen when the machine is booting (or trying to) and the POST will usually display a 'Press F2 or F10 or F12 or DEL to enter BIOS " message
Most Older PC boot from Floppy, then CD, then HDD... Newer go from CDROM to HDD (no floppy)
If there is a floppy disk in the A: drive, it will hang forever looking at it trying to boot. Pop it out and try again. In some cases, the same scenerio is possible with a CD in the CDROM - eject it.
If the HDD 'tries' and you get an error onscreen, I can help further knowing WHAT that error is ;-)
Without that knowledge, I'll guess that the boot sector is corrupt- one or more of the HIDDEN or SYSTEM files was changed or deleted by virus/trojan, program, hacker or user and these will have to be put back (manually or using O/S CDROM repair option) before it will ever work as a boot disk again.
If the HDD will at least spinup and find 'home' (go ready) With the proper software tools, it might be possible to rescue, and get all the data off too even if it looks 'dead'. In some cases it is as simple as editing the Boot.ini file or replacing missing ones.
These files are NEEDED for a Windows system to boot:
Boot ini should look like this for a 1 HDD system:
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\Windows="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /noexecute=optin /fastdetect
What else can you tell me?
1. Possibly a virus/trojan hosed the boot sector: can be fixed with the CDROM "Repair' option but NOT the first one you see. Choose Install, Press F8, let windows FIND your Windows install and THEN choose REPAIR. It will take 30-40 Min. Be sure when it asks for Account, you type one that already is NOT on the PC b/c it will wipe over it. Ex: If you were 'Administrator' before it broke, type "Admin" for the repair. You can access all you your \User\Administrator files (old stuff) later, or move them to \User\Admin.
2. Possibly a virus/trojan made the boot partition 'inactive' - DL, burn and use BART to Boot your PC from CDROM and then run dskmgmt.msc to fix.
3. Possibly a virus/trojan modified the Boot.ini file - Edit 'default' line to look liike this: default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\Windows
Let me know how it goes
Mar 26, 2009 |
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