I am in the middle of completing a quilt. I just set my machine back up and now it is not advancing the fabric. I have checked out the machine and made sure that it is cleaned and oiled..... The feed dogs look like they are setting to low... Any suggestions??
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You may also check the presser foot pressure on your machine. This regulates the amount of pressure the presser foot applies to the fabric and the feed dogs. If the pressure is too strong, it will tend to push the upper layers of fabric, creating a bubble look. If the pressure is too loose, there is not enough pressure for the feed dogs to physically pull entire quilt sandwich under the presser foot.
(The pressure is adjustable depending on the types of fabric and thicknesses being sewn.) http://www.sewdaily.com/how-to-sew/sewing-machine-basics/the-best-kept-secret-on-your-sewing-machine
Check that the stitch length is set high enough that the feed dogs will actually advance the fabric. Setting the stitch length too low will cause the machine to basically sew in place.
Also, check that the feed dogs have not been "dropped" to allow darning or free motion quilting. Dropping the feed dogs lowers them so they will not rise above the needleplate and will not grip nor move the fabric.
If your machine is mechanical (not computerized), it may need a good cleaning and oiling. If the old oil has solidified, it could be preventing the feed dogs from moving like they should.
Unable to locate much information about your make/model machine.
If your machine has the capability of dropping the feed dogs for darning or free motion quilting, check that the feed dogs are in the up position for sewing. Also, verify that the stitch length is set to at least #2. Any shorter stitch selection will cause the machine to advance the fabric so slightly that it will nearly sew in place.
Some machines also have a pressure adjustment for the presser foot. If the fabric you are sewing is very fine, the feed dogs may have difficulty gripping the fabric to advance it through the machine. You can add body to the fabric by including a stabilizer when sewing the fabric, ie a wash-away stabilizer.
#26 is an embroidery foot. Why are you using an embroidery foot for free motion quilting? A #24 free motion embroidery foot will work but not the #26. Try using a darning foot that is just a smidgen shorter so there is space between it and the needleplate for you to freely move the fabric. (Adding a Supreme Slider sheet to the work surface of your machine helps make the fabric glide much smoother.) A standard presser foot is made to press the fabric against the feed dogs so the feed dogs will move the fabric. When free motion quilting, you would drop the feed dogs and move the material with your hands.
Depends which model Bernina you have (new or old style presser feet), which will work on your machine. There are also many generic darning/FMQ feet available that will work on your machine.
Sounds like the upper tension needs to be tightened, or the bobbin thread needs to be loosened. At any rate, the tension is correct when the two threads meet in the middle of the fabric for general sewing.
For free motion quilting, the tension should be adjusted so that the bobbin thread does not show on the top of the fabric, however, it should not lay in a straight line like it sounds like it may appear currently. What you are currently producing is a gathering stitch where the bobbin thread can be easily pulled.
on the front of the machine there is a lever/knob that sets the stitch size
if it is in the middle position ,the teeth will just go up and down and not back and forward
check that setting
it is used to seal of the threads when starting to sew and when finishing
start the sew for about 1/2" then reverse the feed then go forward again to complete the sewing
at the end of the sew do the same thing again before cutting the threads
this locks the threads as a knot so that the seam will not come undone
Try using a walking foot. The issue most quilters face when working with any sewing machine is that there is a force being applied to move the bottom fabric but the top fabric is only moving based on friction with the bottom fabric. This can cause the bottom fabric to move quicker than the top. A walking foot helps solve this issue by placing a second set of feed dogs on the top of the fabric to mirror the force being applied on the bottom, allowing both pieces of fabric to move evenly.